NEWS ( Melanesian/Pacific ) 11 October 2012.

1) Stori blong Haus Tambaran i min wanem long mipela blong wara Sepik?

Updated 11 October 2012, 15:46 AEST-Radio Australia.

Kenya Kala

Pius Bonjui blong Radio Australia na blong Korogo Vilis long wara Sepik, i lukluk long stori blong ol Haus Tambaran long East Sepik Province blong Papua New Guinea.

Ol traib, klen oa lain wan pisin long Sepik River i save wokim ol naispela kaving long diwai na clay pot.

Planti lain wan pisin i save usim ol garamut long ol kain kain kastom mak. Ol i wokim ol garamut long diwai na katim hul igo insait long en na sapim mak long ol kain kain enimol.

Long hap mi kam long en, karamut i pleim bikpela pat long laif bilong ol man. Wanpela long ol bikpela wei mipela i save usim garmaut em long salim toksave o message igo long husat igo stap long gaden or igo hunting, long tokim em i kam bek long ples kuik, or igo long haus tambara.

Mi igat garamut signal bilong mi na ol brata bilong mi i gat bilong ol iet.

Long hap bilong wanpela seremoni long makim ‘coming of age’ bilong ol yangpela man, ol i sekrifasim ol wantaim ol image bilong wnapela pukpuk antap long riverbank.

Ol i save katim skin long bros na long baksait bilong ol yangpela man na i save spendim sampela taim insait long haus tambaran oa Spirit haus igo nap taim ol bikman i larim ol i igo aut bihain long karim aut ol kain kain kastom seremoni.

Haus tambaran em ol man tasol i save usim olsem wanpela miting haus. Em i ples bilong ritual na initiation, minim, ples blong pasin kastom i kamap.

Ol i save usim tu long givim tok tenkiu igo long ol spirit i bringim gutpela gaden kaikai, planti pis long wara, na tu long gutpela sidaun bilong ol pipal long vilis.

Em i tambu long ol meri igo insait long haus tambaran, wok bilong ol i bilong rereim kaikai, halivim wantaim ol bilas bilong taim bilong singsing.

Sepik riva i wanpela long ol longpela riva long wol, we wara i save ron oltaim na tu i save flood tu.

Wanpela i ken lukim Hunstein Range na ol narapela maunten long sauten hap bilong provins taim yu pul kanu long Sepik River.

Sapos yu lukim National Paliment blong Papua New Guinea, em i mak na piksa blong Haus Tambaran.

Long neks win, bai mi trevel igo bek long Sepik River wantaim wanpela wanwok blong long kisim stori, toktok wantaim ol lapun na ol yangpela long Haus Tambaran, na bai mipela i stori kam long yu moa.

2) Melanesian Spearhead Group Leases Land In Vanuatu
Leader applauds ‘permanent home’ for MSG secretariat

By Thompson Marango

PORT VILA, Vanuatu (Vanuatu Daily Post, Oct. 10, 2012) – Vanuatu’s Caretaker Lands Minister, Steven Kalsakau, has finally signed and handed over the lease title of the land hosting the Secretariat of the Melanesian Spearhead Group (MSG) yesterday.

When handing over the signed lease to the Director General of MSG, Peter Forau, Kalsakau said the commitment noted Vanuatu Government’s strong trust and confidence on the MSG.

“This special lease is for 75 years and contains special condition that allows the administration of the Secretariat to operate by,” said Caretaker Minister Kalsakau.

In response MSG Secretariat Director General Forau said the staff of the Secretariat are very excited and honored by this particular gift by the Government and the people of Vanuatu as permanent home for the Secretariat.

Mr. Forau said the fact that the signing of the lease was made yesterday when the country was celebrating its Constitution Day makes it a blessing itself as the constitution is very important itself and so is the arrangement of the lease on behalf of the people MSG.

He added that the lease has now made the land a place where every member of the MSG can call home because of the fact that they are members of the MSG.

“On behalf of all the members and all the leaders of MSG and staff of the Secretariat I want to extend our big gratitude to the Government and the people of Vanuatu and all the landowners who are kind enough to all us to operate on this piece of land”.

MSG was founded as a political gathering in 1983. On 23 March 2007, members signed the Agreement Establishing the Melanesian Spearhead Group, formalizing the group under international law.

The Secretariat headquarter in Port Vila was constructed by the People’s Republic of China and handed over to the MSG in November 2007.

Vanuatu Daily Post:

3) Communique signing ends border talks

By Online Editor
1:08 pm GMT+12, 11/10/2012, Papua New GuineaA communique on relevant border agendas between Papua New Guinea and Indonesia is expected to be signed today as the 9th Annual Border Liaison Meeting and the 29th Joint Border Committee Meeting concludes.

Among issues discussed were matters regarding survey and demarcation of the boundary and mapping of the border areas, security matters relating to the border, the Wara Smol case where Papua New Guineans have crossed over to reside on Indonesia soil, formation of various joint sub committees to facilitate a host of issues from trade and investment to transnational crime, quarantine and health.

Most areas have had responses of delayed progress from either side with both sides keen to fast track processes to achieving these areas of cooperation.

The annual border meetings is the foundation which sectors like bilateral trade, shipping and transportation, education, fisheries, agriculture and tourism ride on, all guided by the Basic Agreement on Border Arrangements between the two countries.

The Arrangement is also up for review by the two countries, as it nears expiration in April 2013.


4) Company Affirms Legitimacy Of Paga Hill Evictions In PNG
UK ‘state crime’ group condemn forced relocation of residents

MELBOURNE, Australia (Radio Australia, Oct. 10, 2012) – The Paga Hill Development Company has insisted the forced relocation of a settlement in Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea was legitimate.

The UK-based International State Crime Initiative recently released a report questioning the legitimacy of the company’s land deal and condemning the eviction of the community, which was to make way for a multi-million dollar marina and hotel.

“It contravened the UN principles on development-based forced eviction,” Chris Lasset, the Initiative’s PNG coordinator told Radio Australia’s Pacific Beat program.

Media reports at the time described how 100 police officers backed by bulldozers stormed the settlement on May 12, just as a national court was granting an injunction to stop the demolition.

“The police went down there, they were armed, they used their firearms, they aimed their guns and fired them at civilians who were unarmed. They bulldozed properties without allowing the owners to remove their personal possessions,” Mr. Lasset said.

His report also questioned the Paga Hill Development Company’s ability to follow through on a promise to resettle the community at the Six Mile settlement.

The company’s director, George Hallit, also spoke to Pacific Beat, and insisted that the “legitimacy to our title is undisputed, it cannot be denied”.

“We’ve been subject to no less then three judicial reviews, public accounts commission inquiry, an ombudsman commission investigation, each of which have exonerated us,” he said.

He also said that in an “unprecedented move” land to relocate the Paga Hill residents had been secured at Six Mile, and said that each household would receive a block of 300 square meters.

Radio Australia:

5) Boost predicted in PNG/NZ trade

Posted at 03:20 on 11 October, 2012 UTC

Papua New Guinea’s Minister of Commerce, Trade and Industry, Richard Maru, is predicting a lift in trade with New Zealand after meeting the New Zealand Foreign Minister, Murray McCully, this week.

Currently New Zealand sends 143 million US dollars of exports to PNG a year – mostly dairy products and lamb, while Papua New Guinea exports just six million dollars worth of products to this country.

Mr Maru is encouraging New Zealand businesses to invest more in agriculture, fishing and power generation.

He also wants more Papua New Guineans allowed to take part in the Recognised Seasonal Employer scheme.

At the moment just six Papua New Guineans have been recruited.

Mr Maru says to increase business activity between the two countries Mr McCully will lead a trade delegation to PNG at the end of this month.

Radio New Zealand International

6) Unpaid Government Grants Jeopardize Solomons Schools
Teacher association official says 95 percent of schools affected

By Jennifer Kakai

HONIARA, Solomon Islands (Solomon Star, Oct. 11, 2012) – Solomon Islands National Teachers Association (SINTA) general secretary yesterday warned the government to pay up school grants which he said were long overdue.

Johnley Hatimoana said SINTA this week met with heads of schools in Honiara who demanded that payment of the overdue school grants be made by this Friday.

“Failure to pay up the semester school grants will result in cancellation of classes as of Monday 15,” he said.

He said the government through the Ministry of Education still has not released school grants for the second half of the year.

He said plan to close down Honiara schools is not their own making, but said it is because of financial difficulties.

Mr. Hatimoana said they know the government budget for the school grants had been approved and catered for.

“Schools have been waiting for far too long now for the grants. The grants should be released in July.

“Whatever reasons for the delay, we are not interested.”

He stressed that schools cannot operate without grants and 95 percent of schools are affected from the delay.

The GS said they will meet again on Friday to discuss the outcome of their demand.

Supervising Permanent Secretary of the Ministry of Education Timothy Ngele when contacted said his ministry has already raised payment for school grants to the Ministry of Finance.

Mr. Ngele said reason why the grants were not paid in time to schools is beyond his ministry’s understanding.

“We have done our part and it is up to the Ministry of Finance to facilitate the payment.”

Solomon Star

7) Vanuatu Electoral Commission Firm On 2012 Polling Dates
Minister’s council concerned about briberies before voting

By Thompson Marango

PORT VILA, Vanuatu (Vanuatu Daily Post, Oct. 10, 2012) – Vanuatu’s Electoral Commission has maintained its decision about the long period between the end of election campaign and polling date despite bribery concerns by the Council of Ministers (CoM).

Principal Electoral Officer (PEO) Lawson Samuel told Daily Post the CoM through the Caretaker Minister of Internal Affairs, George Wells approached Electoral Commission but after consideration the Commission maintained its position ruling out possibilities for changes of dates on the build up towards elections.

Dates confirmed by the Electoral Commission will see the announcement of successful candidates on Wednesday this week which will be the green light for campaign commencement.

Campaign period ends on 24 October at midnight followed by 6 days period before polling date on October 30.

“The Council of Ministers is concerned that the period from 24 to 30 (between end of campaign period and polling day) is too long and can entertain bribery, but bribery has been stopped by the law on September 2 until 30 October, according to amendment 10 of 2012,” said the Principal Electoral Officer.

In a letter by the Chairman of the Election Commission to the Caretaker Minister of Internal Affairs concerning the issue, the best option for the Government is if it is not satisfied with the decision of the Electoral Commission then it is to seek a judicial review over the Commissions decision.

Meanwhile there are no laws in places that specifically specify the dates and periods but the PEO said the issue of setting the dates is only an administrative matter.

“But the Commission is empowered by the law to make those decisions under the Representation of the People’s Act,” said PEO Samuel.

“It states that the Commission can make decisions through Orders, and one of the orders that was signed and published in the gazette outlines the dates.”

According to Samuel, during the past general elections there was never such long period of time between the end of campaign and election date.

“It is only a practice but not law but I believe the decision of the Commission is because of our geographical settings.

“During the period the Electoral Office will deploy ballot boxes to the Islands”, he said.

In addition two more days before the announcement of the successful candidates the Electoral Officer is making a last reminder to all applicants that all outstanding debts with Government institution must be settled because it can affect their application.

Vanuatu Daily Post:

8) Vanuatu’s caretaker PM left off election candidate list

Posted at 06:15 on 11 October, 2012 UTC

Vanuatu’s caretaker Prime Minister Sato Kilman has been left off the list of candidates for the general election at the end of the month.

The Electoral Commission announced the names of 274 candidates on Radio Vanuatu this afternoon.

The Commission says most of the candidates who were left off the list have debts to settle within 72 hours before their names can be added, including Mr Kilman who owes the government more than 140,000 US dollars.

The former speaker of parliament, Dunstun Hilton and a former Vanuatu ambassador in China, Willie Jimmy have also been left off the list.

At the last election in 2008 a total of 345 candidates contested the general election.

Radio New Zealand International

9) Vanua’aku Party slates suspension of electoral commissioner

Posted at 03:20 on 11 October, 2012 UTC

The head of Vanuatu’s opposition Vanua’aku Party says a decision by the caretaker Minister of Internal Affairs to suspend the electoral commissioner three weeks before the election is political interference.

The minister George Wells has suspended Lawson Samuel and transferred him to head the Remuneration Tribunal while the director of the Labour Department, Lionel Kalwat, has stepped in as acting electoral commissioner.

Mr Wells’ decisions have now delayed the publication of the names of election candidates which were to be released last night.

The president of the Vanua’aku Party Edward Natapei says he believes the government is unhappy with the list of candidates and is trying to change it.

“Government should not be seen to be interfering with the electoral process. That should be a totally independent body and they should be allowed to decide on dates. They should be allowed to screen each candidate and approve the names of qualified candidates to contest in this election.”

Edward Natapei.

No reason has been given for the suspension of the electoral commissioner but George Wells says it will be made after the election.

Radio New Zealand International

10) Paris to hold Noumea Accord follow-up talks in December

By Online Editor
3:02 pm GMT+12, 11/10/2012, French PolynesiaThe French overseas territories minister, Victorin Lurel says he will hold the next meeting of the signatories of New Caledonia’s 1998 Noumea Accord in about mid-December.

Lurel revealed the date to reporters in Paris after saying in July that the regular accord review was to be held before the end of the year.

He said there is a need to find a common flag and name but that won’t happen before the 2014 elections.

There has been a heated and unresolved dispute over which flag the territory should choose – an issue that last year prompted four governments to collapse.

Anti-independence politicians have been alarmed that Lurel in July referred to the territory as New Caledonia Kanaky, prompting calls by the president, Harold Martin, to hold a referendum on the name issue.

This year’s follow-up talks will look at the progress of the accord, plans for the nickel sector and the future of the territory’s institutions.

The 1998 Noumea Accord on greater autonomy, which provides for a phased and irreversible transfer of power from Paris, is to enter its final phase, with a possible independence referendum between 2014 and 2018.

11) Fiji’s national airline unveils new name

By Online Editor
12:40 pm GMT+12, 11/10/2012, FijiThe unveiling of Fiji’s national airline to its 1951 name, Fiji Airways, marked a new journey for the company last night in Suva as dignitaries and invited guests witnessed a world premier event that also featured a screening of its newly-acquired Airbus A330s.

Speaking to The Fiji Times, Air Pacific managing director and chief executive officer David Pflieger said the new name would become effective in May 2013 as the airline enters this transition phase.

“Air Pacific has been out there for 31 years and that’s a good time to give a brand a chance — but it didn’t resonate with the flying public and people outside of this part of the world. Even close by in Australia and New Zealand, (the flying public) didn’t know who we were or where we flew.

“We’re a destination airline so we want to get the name of the airline back — it’ll be a new name that will see us succeed and grow.”

Pflieger said as many as 500 people turned up for the inaugural event at Village Six cinemas and with Suva being the hub of the South Pacific, the event attracted people from all backgrounds.

“Suva is the nerve centre of Fiji. Typically we’re always doing things in Nadi but we thought Suva was the fantastic place to do this and be part of the nation’s (Independence Day) celebration,” he said.
Meanwhile, the rebranding of the airline would also mean new opportunities and projects in the long-run including better services, employment and training for staff.


12) Justice Minister Slams Allegations Laid Against Tonga PM
‘Akilisi Pohiva announced plan to file misappropriation charges

By Pesi Fonua

NUKUALOFA, Tonga (Matangi Tonga, Oct. 10, 2012) – ‘Akilisi Pohiva’s talk of laying criminal charges against the Prime Minister, Lord Tu’ivakano, for allegedly misappropriating millions of government funds, caused a stir in Tonga’s parliament this morning.

The Minister of Justice, Hon. Clive Edwards pointed out that ‘Akilisi had told Radio Australia that he was going to lay the charges, after the House had rejected a Motion for a Vote of No Confidence in the PM this week.

‘Akilisi responded that he never said that the Prime Minister had stolen any money.

Clive was very concerned about ‘Akilisi’s threat of litigation and the consequent damage to Tonga’s reputation in the eyes of international donor agencies and friends in the international community.

He said that during the annual Pacific Islands Forum meeting in the Cook Islands in September, donor countries were reluctant to make any financial commitment to development projects in Tonga because of the motion for a vote of no confidence in the Prime Minister and his Cabinet.

Hon. Clive Edwards was certain that ‘Akilisi’s threat to lay criminal charges against the Prime Minister created the image of an unstable government for Tonga.

He asked ‘Akilisi, if he was certain that the Prime Minister had committed a criminal offence, then why did he go and offer his support to the Prime Minister last Friday, just before the House voted on the motion for a vote of no confidence in the Prime Minister and his Cabinet on Monday? Clive claimed that ‘Akilisi had told the PM that he would give him his support to remain as Prime Minister if he fired the Deputy Prime Minister, Hon. Samiu Vaipulu; the Minister of Justice, Hon. Clive Edwards; the Minister of Finance, Hon. Lisiate ‘Akolo and the Minister of Labour, Commerce, Tourism and Industries, Dr. Viliami Latu.

‘Akilisi went quiet and did not respond to Clive’s accusation.

Clive challenged ‘Akilisi to proceed and take the Prime Minister to court within seven days. He was certain that ‘Akilisi’s claim was baseless.

Matangi Tonga Magazine:

13) Water shortage on Banaba solved

By Online Editor
2:56 pm GMT+12, 11/10/2012, KiribatiA government project in Kiribati to combat the effects of climate change, KAPIII, has successfully solved a shortage of fresh water on the island of Banaba, reports Radio Kiribati.

The people on Banaba will now have uninterrupted supply of fresh water with the water tank for the island that can hold nearly one million litres of water.

The project, Rainwater Harvesting, aimed at solving the problem of fresh water shortage on Banaba was jointly carried by the ministry of Public Works, King Holdings and the people of Banaba and was completed in June this year.

The project saw the laying of new water pipes, a rainwater catchment for the water desalination plant on the island and renovation work to the iron roof of some government houses on Banaba.

The manager of KAPIII Kautuna Kaitara said not long after the completion of the project in June, the island experienced many rainy days that filled up the water tanks which can hold 950 thousand liters of water…


14) Cours de pidgin mélanésien à l’Université Nationale Australienne

Posté à 11 October 2012, 8:46 AEST-Radio Australia.

Pierre Riant

Tok Pisin en Papouasie Nouvelle-Guinée, Pijin aux îles Salomon et Bislama au Vanuatu, ces créoles mélanésiens du Pacifique reviennent à l’université.

tok pisin 20121011

Le Tok Pisin montre des caractéristiques grammaticales similaires aux langues indigènes du Pacifique. [ANU]

Un cours d’un seul semestre va se pencher sur les contextes politiques de ces langues régionales. Nous en avons parlé avec Bethwyn Evans, de l’École de Culture, d’Histoire et de Langue à l’ANU (Australian National University). Bethwyn Evans qui répond aux questions d’Isabelle Genoux.
Alors, comment tout à commencé ?

EVANS : « Le Pidgin mélanésien est originaire d’Australie avec les gens qui ont été emmenés ici depuis la Mélanésie pour travailler dans les plantations de canne à sucre du Queensland. La langue s’est développée parce que les gens avaient besoin de communiquer entre eux alors qu’ils n’avaient pas de langue en commun. Une situation sociale en quelque sorte et qui s’est développée en langue nationale en Papouasie Nouvelle-Guinée, aux îles Salomon et au Vanuatu. »
Un pidgin relativement récent donc puisque ce travail des Mélanésiens dans les champs de canne à sucre remontre à la fin du 19ème siècle. Ce qui est intéressant, c’est l’évolution du Tok Pisin papou, du Pijin salomonais et du  Bislama vanuatais. Le Tok Pisin papou est un peu plus proche de l’anglais que ne l’est  le Bislama vanuatais. Bethwyn Evans nous parle de ces variations.
EVANS : « Le Pidgin mélanésien a été rapporté dans ces trois pays et il s’est développé là-bas au fil des ans. Le Pijin des Salomon est probablement le plus proche de l’anglais ou le plus facile à comprendre pour un locuteur anglophone. Mais de toutes les façons, il faut l’apprendre, anglophones inclus, comme une langue étrangère. En dépit du nombre de mots anglais, le Tok Pisin papou n’est pas à la portée de l’anglophone.
Chaque Pidgin a évolué en fonction de sa culture et il y a donc des variations. Et bien sûr avec le Bislama il y a l’influence à la fois du français et de l’anglais.
Et la situation se complique encore plus avec le Tok Pisin de Papouasie Nouvelle-Guinée où des mots en provenance de centaines de langues se sont incrustés dans ce pidgin mélanésien.
EVANS : « Et toutes les variétés de ce pidgin mélanésien montre des caractéristiques grammaticales similaires aux langues indigènes du Pacifique. Surtout avec le Tok Pisin où l’on trouve des mots et différentes variétés de mots des langues locales. »
Après 6 mois de cours avec un prof de l’île de Bougainville en Papouasie Nouvelle-Guinée, Bethwyn Evans estime que l’étudiant aura une bonne connaissance du Pidgin mélanésien ; une langue qui comprend bien sûr des difficultés mais qui possède aussi de nombreux mots en anglais ce qui facilite l’apprentissage.

EVANS : «  C’est vraiment à cause l’important vocabulaire en anglais que nous sommes confiants et pensons que l’étudiant peut parvenir à un certain niveau et maîtriser des conversations simples. »

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