Smol Melanesian Na Pasifik Nius Digest # 859

MELANESIA:

1) PNG parliament moves to re-establish death penalty

Updated 29 May 2013, 8:57 AEST
PNG correspondent Liam Fox, staff

PNG’s move to revive the death penalty is ‘barbaric’ and will not deter violent crime, says Amnesty International.

Amnesty International says Papua New Guinea’s move to revive the death penalty is “barbaric” and will not deter violent crime.

After a spate of horrific murders and gang-rapes, PNG’s parliament yesterday voted to make murder, aggravated rape, robbery, treason and piracy punishable by death.

The sentence can be carried out in several ways, including hanging, lethal injection, firing squad, electrocution and “medical death by deprivation of oxygen” or poisonous gas.

Amnesty’s Pacific researcher Kate Schuetze says the death penalty is a cruel form of punishment.

“It violates the right to life as well as freedom from cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment,” she told AM.

“It doesn’t matter if a person has been beheaded or burnt in a village or killed by the state. It is just as barbaric.”

She says statistics show the death penalty has not reduced violent crime in countries that enforce it.

“If the government is serious about reducing crime, I’d say there’s a number of measures which they can take immediately to do that,” she said.

“One of them would be to invest in the law and justice sector, including the police force.”

‘It’s about time’

PNG has always had the death penalty thanks to its colonial past, but not the means to carry it out.

The amendments to the Criminal Code passed on voices, without a vote required, after a brief debate.

One of those who said “aye” is the member for Manus, Ron Knight.

“I wasn’t thinking lightly about this,” he said.

“But that horrific murder that happened in the western islands in Manus where a mother was decapitated and raped and her two children – one was about four, one was 13 – they were also slashed to death – the whole community stood behind that and said that they reckon it’s about time for the death penalty to be implemented.”

As well as implementing the death penalty, the newly-amended Criminal Code has harsher penalties for a range of other offences.

Crimes that can now attract a maximum penalty of life imprisonment without parole include kidnapping for ransom, rape that is not considered to be aggravated and the theft of 10 million kina ($4.4 million) or more.

Parliament also repealed the Sorcery Act, which critics said legitimised so-called sorcery killings.http://www.radioaustralia.net.au/

2) Criminal charges for Papua mine owners if negligence proved, say police

Posted at 03:23 on 29 May, 2013 UTC

A police spokesperson in Indonesia’s Papua says criminal charges will be laid against a mine company if negligence is found to be the cause of the tunnel collapse that killed 28 workers this month.

According to the Jakarta Post, Senior Commissioner Gede Sumerta Jaya says they have interviewed 12 witnesses, including mine owners Freeport McMoRan and the survivors of the incident.

Investigations are underway at the mine, and Mr Sumerta Jaya says based on preliminary investigation, the collapse seems to be due to natural factors, such as cracks caused by erosion in the limestone of the tunnel’s ceiling.

The newspaper reports workers have returned to the mine to check equipment but there has been no production yet.

In 2009, a worker died and four others were injured in another mine collapse and in 2008, at least 20 miners were buried when the mine’s tailings heap collapsed on them after two days of heavy rain.

Radio New Zealand International

3) Human rights groups in Papua trying to verify massacre report with photos

Posted at 01:54 on 29 May, 2013 UTC

Reports of a mass killing in West Papua have been dismissed by Indonesian authorities while human rights groups struggle to find more evidence.

The Indonesian embassy in Canberra told the Australian media the reports are rumours and lies.

Human rights groups say they are trying to obtain photos of the dead, but say the remote Tingginambut area is controlled by the Kopassus troops accused of perpetrating the alleged violence.

Paul Mambrasar from the Elsham human rights group in Papua says once they have photos they will take them to the police.

He says the only source of the information so far is the KNPB, or the National Committee for West Papua.

“As a political organisation I think one of the advocacies is probably politically motivated. I am not saying that we are not fully trusting of what the KNPB says but we need to have more evidence like pictures.”

Paul Mambrasar.

Radio New Zealand International

4) Bougainville mine consultation postponed

Posted 29 May 2013, 10:06 AEST
New Zealand correspondent Jemima Garrett

The Autonomous Government of Bougainville has postponed the first consultation with landowners over re-opening the Panguna copper mine, to make sure all parties are ready and able to attend.

The talks will be the first since a civil war shut down the Rio Tinto mine more than 20 years ago.

They were due to have started this week in Arawa but will now be held over three consecutive weeks starting in the third week of June.

Autonomous Bougainville Government (ABG) community development minister, Melchior Dare, told Radio Australia’s Pacific Beat program better preparation is needed to ensure the forums are inclusive.

“ABG would like to see that more representation at these three last forums by those who would like to attend,” he said.

Venues for the mining forums include the east coast town of Kieta, the western centre of Bana and the Panguna mine site.http://www.radioaustralia.net.au/international/

5) PNG’s Bougainville mining debate eludes villagers

Posted at 03:23 on 29 May, 2013 UTC

A landowner at Panguna in the Papua New Guinea province of Bougainville says discussions on a possible re-opening of the Panguna mine are not reaching people at the village level.

A resumption of mining is seen as critical to the economic development of the province – something that has to happen before any vote on independence, as prescribed in the Bougainville Peace Agreement.

The autonomous provincial government has been holding consultations over the last two months to gauge people’s feelings about Panguna’s re-opening.

But Lawrence Daveona, who grew up close to the huge open cast mine, and headed the now defunct Bougainville Landowners’ Association, says their message is not reaching people at the grassroots.

“The government is doing all it can with whatever resources it has at its disposal but the message that they are trying to get across is not really reaching down to the village communities, not only in the Panguna mine lease areas but also to the rest of Bougainville. That is a major problem here.”

Radio New Zealand International

6a) 270513PRIVATE CLINIC OPENS IN BUKA

By Aloysius Laukai
Buka town has been without a private Medical clinic since the last medical clinic owned by DR.JOSEPH VILOSI closed few years ago.
This morning a private medical clinic owned by DR.TOVILU opened its doors to the people of Bougainville on the Eagle Hardware building in Buka town.

The clinic will be known as the Bougainville Private Medical Practice and will operate from the Eagle Hardware building top floor and first room on the right.
Persons requiring private attention can call the clinic on Mobile numbers,675 71083889
Or 675 76542633.
More details on the clinic will be given as soon as we talk to the Principal Doctor.

6b) 270513 HAKENA ON LAND ISSUES
By Aloysius Laukai

The Director for the NGO group, LEITANA NEHAN WOMEN’S DEVELOPMENT AGENCY, HELEN HAKENA today said that too many land issues were creating problems in the villages.
She told New Dawn FM today that all these land issues must be handled by the proper authorities to minimize the number of cases appearing in the Bougainville communities.
MRS. HAKENA said that the number of cases can be reduced if the Land cases are addressed.
MR. HAKENA also commented on the increasing number of domestic violence occurring in our communities.
She called on parents to look after their children to make sure that they are protected from violence.

6c)240513BECH DEMER BAN EXTENDED

By Aloysius Laukai

Theban on the harvesting of Bech Demer has been extended for a further two years in Papua New Guinea.
This is because a recent survey showed that Bech Demer were nearly depleted before the 2009 ban of harvesting.

An officers from the National Fisheries Department, LUANA YAMAN told New Dawn FM in Buka that the recent survey to determine the number of Bech Demer found out the size currently available were mainly young and needed time to reproduce and grow to the size required.
She said that the ban will be lifted in 2015.
Meanwhile, the Chairman of the CATERETS COE, BENARD TUNIM has blasted the decision to extend the ban of Bech Demer harvest.
He also told New Dawn FM that the survey was not carried on Caterets islands who have enough BECH DEMER for harvest.

6d) 230513inclusive to pay

By Aloysius Laukai

Inclusive Development program a World Bank support program for the women of Bougainville will start distributing cheques to the 41 women’s group who were successful applicants of the program.
Officer in charge of the Program, DAVID HAPOTO yesterday told New Dawn that the applicants would receive their cheques next week.
He said that there was a total of 600 applications of which on 41 would be funded.
MR. HAPOTO said that they approved 44 applications but when they went to follow up and confirm if these groups were actually established they dropped off three. He said that the successful applicants have been trained in preparation for the presentation next week
He said that the programme was to have started three years ago.
On the question if another project will follow this one, MR. HAPOTO said that this would be decided after the current project has been completed.

6e) 230513CONDOLENCE COMING

By Aloysius Laukai

New Dawn FM has been receiving condolences to the family of the late JOSEPH NORO since the news of is passing was released.
Condolences have been coming on social media network, Facebook and the New Dawn FM website.
Many who knew his said that the Autonomous Region has again one of its dedicated sons who could have contributed to the economic recovery of the region.
A Siwai lawyer JOEL NAVA said this on the New Dawn FM site, that Late Joe Noro has left a big gap that no one can fill at this time. It takes years to develop the type of leadership that late Noro had.
And another Bougainvillean, MARY TUHAS sent Condolences to all the family and friends of the late JOSEPH ALBERT NORO
She said that the God provide you with strength and courage through this special time.
And May Mr. Noro Rest in Everlasting Peace.

6f) 230513NORO SERVED OTHERS
By Aloysius Laukai

The late JOSEPH ALBERT NORO served others despite his own problems according to FR.BONIFACE KEVON .
He made this remark during the requiem mass held for the late JOSEPH ALBERT NORO yesterday afternoon.
FR. BONIFACE said that he worked with the late JOSEPH NORO since 2002 on the Trauma counselling programme. And came to realize the calibre of the person as intelligent and very constructive and was full of humour.
He said that he was sad when he first heard of his passing at the Buka General Hospital last Saturday.
FR. BONIFACE said that the late JOSEPH ALBERT NORO had done what he had to do on earth and now is with the creator in heaven.
He said that life for every one of us is pre programmed already and there is nothing we can do to stop it.
What we can do now is to pray for him so that he can have eternal rest in heaven.

6g) 220513seedweed turns economics of the Atolls

By Aloysius Laukai

The harvest of ONE HUNDRED AND EIGHT TONNES of seaweed has changed the economics of the Atolls district.

And the return of the Buka Trader from the Atolls loaded with 128 BAGS of dried seaweed has now made the trip to the Atolls economical.

This was the message from the Minister for Department of Primary Industry, NICHOLAS DARKU.

He told New Dawn FM this morning that in the past sailing to the Atolls has been supplying free rice and tinfish with the boat returning empty.

And with the first harvest of the Seaweed this has totally changed the story.

MR. DARKU said that the seaweed was harvested after only six months and means that the environment around Caterets must be good for seaweed.

He said in other Pacific countries it takes up to two years to harvest more than ONE HUNDRED TONES of seaweed.

The Seaweed will be sold to a company in France.

6h) 220513EFFECTS FROM THE CRISIS

BY Aloysius Laukai

The son of the late JOSEPH ALBERT NORO, JEFFERY NORO said that effects from the Bougainville Crisis harassments have been continuously haunted their father after the Bougainville conflict.

He was also responding to the comments made by the speakers at the funeral service at Hahela church this afternoon.

JEFFERY NORO said that despite all these problems his father never gave up and continued to work to serve the people of Bougainville.

He said although he was a long time public servant he did not try to manipulate the system to help himself but continuously worked for the common good of the people of Bougainville.

H e also commented that his only investment was to make sure that his children had good education to be able to contribute meaningfully to the development of Bougainville.

7) Vanuatu seat set to be filled by dead MP’s son

Posted at 01:54 on 29 May, 2013 UTC

Unofficial results from a Vanuatu by-election show that the son of the late cabinet minister, Harry Iauko, has won his father’s seat for Tanna.

It is thought Pascal Iauko, who is 27, is set to become the youngest MP elected in Vanuatu.

The seat became vacant after Harry Iauko’s sudden death five months ago.

Radio New Zealand International

8) Quota for women for Municipality and Provincial Government – COM Paper

Dear Director General,

On behalf of all the Department of Women’s Affairs, Institutions being established  for Women and Family in Vanuatu and for Women in Vanuatu generally,  I take this opportunity to Congratulate you and to thank you for tabling the COM Paper on 34% for Women’s participation within the Municipality and Provincial Government at the DCO Meeting yesterday. We have been informed on the nature of discussions that took place during the DCO meeting and believe that  because of your belief, experiences and convictions on the role of Gender in addressing the many issues and challenges of developments within our communities and country today, you were able to chair and provide guidance to the discussions which saw the passing of the COM paper at the DCO level.

I have copied this e-mail to women and men leaders  who have an important role on this development agenda;  firstly,  for their information and secondly for their planning and organization in influencing the agenda in their areas of work with their stakeholders especially in the final  stage on the development of this agenda and that is when it is debated in Parliament on August, 2013.

We will keep you all informed on the developments of this proposal.

Once again, thank you DG for your time and efforts on this.

Dorosday Kenneth Watson
Director

9) Vanuatu – Job Alert 28-May-13
Blong moa infomesen long ol vakensi we i stap anda go long website ia

http://www.wokikik.com
Sendem aplikeisen blong yu i go stret long employer nomo!


4145 JOURNALIST

Transparency Vanuatu
Source: Direct from Employer 27-May-13 Due:
.
4144 Security Officer

Airports Vanuatu Ltd
Source: Daily Post (Weekender) 25-May-13 Due: 22-Jun-13

4143 Airport Fire Fighters
Airports Vanuatu Ltd
Source: Daily Post (Weekender) 25-May-13 Due: 22-Jun-13

4142 Senior IP and Communications Technical Specialist

Barrett and Partners
Source: Daily Post 24-May-13 Due: 31-May-13

4141 Office Assistant
Employer Name Not Given
Source: Daily Post 23-May-13 Due: 29-May-13

4140 Island Court Clerk
The Judiciary of Vanuatu
Source: Daily Post 22-May-13 Due: 31-May-13

4139 Senior Accounts Person

Employer Name Not Given
Source: Daily Post 22-May-13 Due: 30-May-13

4138 Butchery Manager
Au Bon Marche
Source: Daily Post 21-May-13 Due:

4137 Regional Sales Supervisor
Au Bon Marche
Source: Daily Post 21-May-13 Due:

4136 Financial Controller
Wilco Hardware Holdings Limited
Source: Daily Post 20-May-13 Due:

for more details on these jobs please go to –

www.wokikik.com
If your an employer and would like to advertise please email me!
Credit : Etha Kaltapas 

POLYNESIA:

10) New Tongan Government Aircraft Expected In July
52-seater airplane to service outer islands in Tonga

NUKUALOFA, Tonga (Matangi Tonga, May 28, 2013) – A M-60 aircraft gifted to Tonga from China is expected to arrive in early July. The aircraft owned by the Tongan Government will be operated by Real Tonga Airline under a dry-lease arrangement, the Acting Prime Minister Hon. Samiu Vaipulu said today.

He told Matangi Tonga that the 52-seater aircraft was expected to arrive in the first week of July to start servicing the outer islands.

Government will lease the aircraft to Real Tonga, Tonga’s sole domestic carrier. “The airline is lucky because under this dry-leasing arrangement we are giving them the whole package from the aircraft to its spare parts, which is expected to arrive from China in June,” he said.

Tonga has completed work relating to the aircraft’s airworthiness certification according to the Rules and Regulation of the International Civil Aviation Organization, of which Tonga is a member, and officials from the Pacific Aviation Safety office (PASO) have been in Tonga and approved the work done, he said.

He expected two smaller 19-seater aircrafts to arrive from China sometime early next year.

Grant

Tonga in June last year signed a US$25 million grant agreement with China, under which China would provide Tonga an aircraft for its domestic air service, the training of Tongan pilots and engineers, and the maintenance of the aircraft for three years.

This aircraft was supposed to provide a second domestic air service for Tonga, but instead forced Tonga’s then existing domestic airline, Chathams Pacific out of Tonga because it claimed that the domestic market was too small for two airlines.

Real Tonga operated by Palu Aviation Ltd. then stepped in and took over as sole carrier by leasing an aircraft from Vanuatu and began services on March 4.

Matangi Tonga Magazine: www.matangitonga.to/home/

11) Opposition Calls On Faumuina To Apologize To Samoa
Do the right thing and apologize to taxpayers: Palusalue

By Lanuola Tupufia

APIA, Samoa (Samoa Observer, May 28, 2013) – Opposition Leader Palusalue Fa’apo II is asking for Samoa’s Minister of Finance, Faumuina Tiatia Liuga, to extend a private apology to the rest of the country.

“The Minister should apologize to the people of the country, not just HRPP,” said Palusalue.

His opinion follows a second apology from Faumuina to the government caucus last Thursday, following a month of controversy.

During the meeting last week, the minister told a government caucus he was sorry, he was wrong and that he had ‘learnt his lesson,’ according to sources.

But an apology to a political party “doesn’t mean that everything is fine now,” said Palusalue.

“He made an apology to caucus but how about the people of the country who own the millions that were wasted because of the decisions he made. Do the right thing and apologize to the country, who are tax payers.”

He claims HRPP, the Human Rights Protection Party, is in trouble.

“From what I see is they have had more than two caucus meetings for a month,” he said. “Seeing that they meet more than the usual once a month indicates that the party is in trouble.

“Not everything is fine in the party as said by the Prime Minister, there is uncertainty amongst the members and knowing that more than 10 members signed a letter to Tuilaepa to sack the minister is a sign that they are unhappy with things.”

Palusalue said that a barbeque called by the Prime Minister for the party is another tactic used to try to convince the public that everything is well with the government.

Reports of an apology by Faumuina to fellow caucus members contrasted with the stance he took in a press release that was hand-delivered to Samoa Observer on Saturday.

In the press release Faumuina “categorically” rejected claims of spending WST$600,000 [US$254,216] on his own office.

In his response to weeks of debate he said “public comments made are based on deliberate misrepresentation of the facts.”

Describing the work carried out as “partitioning,” the Finance minister said the spending went on six different offices.

“In respect of the partitioning alleged to have been carried out to my office, these costs relate to a number of different offices and related to the outfitting inclusive of the offices for the two Associate Minister, two Secretaries, facilities for visitors and Records and Storage room.

“The portrayal of the alleged costs to refer to my office alone was to secure political gain,” said Faumuina. “This is deliberately misleading and has been a distraction to the work of Government.”

He did not confirm the amount of money involved.

Samoa Observer: www.samoaobserver.ws/

12) Tahiti decolonisation sponsors labelled miserable

Posted at 03:23 on 29 May, 2013 UTC

There is continued criticism from the French Pacific of the six countries sponsoring the United Nations resolution on French Polynesia’s decolonisation, which the General Assembly adopted by consensus.

The Porinetia Ora Party has issued a statement ten days after the vote in New York, saying the six Pacific countries in question are poverty-stricken.

They are Solomon Islands, Nauru, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Samoa and Timor Leste.

It says it is that misery which the party has to reject, adding the economic reality in French Polynesia is such that independence is impossible.

Porinetia Ora also wants an immediate referendum on self-determination, saying the issue has poisoned Polynesia’s political debate for too long.

A leading New Caledonian politician, Philippe Gomes, also remarked on the resolution’s sponsors, saying Solomon Islands showed troubling determination given its internal issues that made an international intervention necessary.

Radio New Zealand International

MICRONESIA:

13) Voters in Nauru have until midday today to be on electoral roll

Posted at 01:54 on 29 May, 2013 UTC

Voters in Nauru have until midday today to ensure they are on the electoral roll or if they wish to move districts ahead of the election called for June the 8th.

Nominations open this morning and will close on Saturday the 1st of June.

This follows the imposition of a state of emergency by the president, Sprent Dabwido, on Monday, which allowed him to bring the election forward by two weeks.

Voters wanting to move districts have restricted options compared with previous elections.

They can register in their original district or the one in which they are currently living.

Reports from Nauru say there was multiple swapping of districts in the last poll and this was a significant factor in the election outcome.

Radio New Zealand International

TOK PISIN:

14) Palimen blong Papua New Guinea klostu i kamapim loa blong kilim pipol.

Updated 29 May 2013, 9:12 AEST
Liam Fox i raitim

Palimen blong Papua New Guinea klostu bai kamapim loa blong kilim pipol na rausim dispela sosari  loa.

Sampela  long ol kraim nau pipol bai bungim idai long Papua New Guinea bihain long palimen blong kantri i kamapim tingting long kamapim ken loa blong kilim pipol sapos oli mekim bikpela rong.

Ol kraim em pipol bai bungim idai em long murder oa kilim narapela man,pipol istap insait  long raep planti taim,bikela ol stil pasin bihain long palimen blong Papua New Guinea i tok orait long sampela senis insait  long kriminal code blong kantri.

Sampela  long ol senis  long loa em oli gat sampela rot  long bihainim olsem hangamapim man,iusim poisin marasin na givim sut  long em inap emi dai,firing skuat,kilim long pawa na holim pasim nek na maus blong pipol inap oli win sot na dai oa suffocation.

Papua New Guinea ibin gat death penalty loa tasol ino bin laik iusim em bifo.

Kalabus blong ol sampela kraim oli mekim igo longpela,olsem laif sentence long kiddnaping stilim na haitim pipol,pipol i askim kompensaisen na pasin blong paulim na ino iusim gut moni.

Palimen tu i rausim Sosari  loa,em planti pipol i toktok planti long en long dil wantaim pipol i kilim narapela iusim dispela kain pasin.

Praim Minista blong Papua New Guinea Peter O’Neill i givim bikpela tok tenk yu long ol women grup,ol lain blong lotu,ol grup long komuniti,em oli bin askim olsem imas gat strongpela mekim save imas kamap long pinisim ol dispela ol pasin nogut iwok long kamap na bagarapim ol meri long kantri.

Mr O’Neill itok ol dispela tingting em nau palimen i tok orait long ol na ol arapela tingting palimen i kamapim bai lukim olsem em bai daunim ol pasin nogut ol meri iwok long bungim na kisim  gutpela luksave long en.

Praim Minista O’Neill ibin promis long kamapim death penalty na surukim taim blong kalabus igo longpela long ol arapela bikpela kraim bihainim ol  dai na pasin blong raep ibin kamap long kantri.http://www.radioaustralia.net.au/

BAHASA:

15) Bank Australia tersangkut skandal cuci uang mendunia

Diperbaharui 29 May 2013, 13:46 AEST

Bank Westpac terjebak dalam apa yang disebut pihak berwenang Amerika Serikat sebagai kasus pencucian uang internasional terbesar yang pernah ada.

Kejaksaan Amerika Serikat menuduh perusahaan mata uang digital Liberty Reserve, yang berpusat di Costa Rica, membantu pelaku tindak kejahatan memutihkan lebih dari $6 milyar hasil kejahatan.

Liberty Reserve menangani uang dalam jumlah sangat besar di luar kontrol pemerintah-pemerintah nasional.

Westpac adalah satu dari banyak bank di seluruh dunia yang menyimpan dana dari perusahaan tersebut, diduga bernilai sekitar $40 juta.

Jaksa dari Amerika Serikat, Preet Bharara, mengatakan, Liberty Reserve memfasilitasi kegiatan kriminal.

“Liberty Reserve sengaja beroperasi untuk menarik dan membantu para kriminal yang ingin mencuci hasil kejahatan mereka – kejahatan serius seperti penipuan kartu kredit, pencurian identitas, penipuan investasi, peretasan komputer, pornografi anak dan bahkan perdagangan narkoba.”

Liberty Reserve mempunyai lebih dari satu juta pengguna di seluruh dunia dan kejaksaan menduga, hampir semua bisnisnya berkaitan dengan kegiatan kriminal.

Westpac belum memberikan komentar.http://www.radioaustralia.net.au/

FRENCH:

16) Australie : le pays le plus heureux de l’OCDE

Posté à 29 May 2013, 8:47 AEST
Pierre Riant

Comme chaque année, l’Organisation de Coopération et de Développement Économiques a publié sa liste des pays industriels les plus heureux, 36 pays en tout.

Et l’Australie est au premier rang de cette indice du bien-être en fonction de toute une série de critères qui vont des soins de santé au logement en passant par l’emploi, la sécurité et l’équilibre travail-vie.

L’Australie a terminé en tête de nombreux critères, notamment l’espérance de vie qui serait aux alentours de 82 ans.

La Suède, le Canada la Norvège et la Suisse suivent l’Australie et c’est le Mexique et la Turquie qui ferment la marche.http://www.radioaustralia.net.au/

17) Pressions syndicales internationales sur Fidji

Posté à 29 May 2013, 8:35 AEST
Pierre Riant

Les syndicats réclament des preuves que les élections de  2014 seront libres et équitables.

Si le gouvernement fidjien n’apporte pas ces preuves, des syndicats d’Australie, de Nouvelle-Zélande, du Royaume Uni  et des États-Unis feront pression sur leur gouvernement respectif pour qu’aucune aide financière à l’organisation des élections de 2014 ne soit accordée à Fidji.

Ged Kearney est la présidente de l’ACTU, (la grande centrale syndicale australienne).

KEARNEY : « C’est la date butoir que nous donnons aux gouvernements d’Australie et de Nouvelle-Zélande, mais aussi des États-Unis et du Royaume Uni. Les 4 mouvements syndicaux de tous ces pays ont joint leurs forces et disent clairement à leur gouvernement que nous sommes contre le processus pré-électoral à Fidji. C’est une farce et en soutenant ça, nos gouvernements accordent une légitimité à ces élections, légitimité qu’elles ne méritent pas.
Toutes les indications montrent que ces élections ne seront pas équitables et certainement pas libres en termes de processus démocratique. Nous demandons à nos gouvernements de retirer leur soutien tant que nous n’aurons pas la preuve que le régime va au moins essayer d’organiser des élections démocratiques parce que ce n’est pas ce qui est en train de se passer maintenant. »

Et le gouvernement fidjien répondra à de telles accusations que la centrale syndicale australienne se fait le porte-voix de syndicalistes fidjiens comme Félix Anthony, que les partis politiques fidjiens se sont dûment enregistrés et que les médias ne sont plus censurés. Qu’en pense Ged Kearney ?

KEARNEY : « Que tout cela c’est du vent et que le reste du monde sait que ce n’est pas vrai. Nous avons les mouvements syndicaux d’Australie, de Nouvelle-Zélande, des États-Unis et du Royaume uni qui se sont regroupés autour de cette question.
Vous avez l’Organisation Internationale du Travail qui s’inquiète vivement de la situation à Fidji. Vous avez l’Europe qui impose toujours de sérieuses sanctions commerciales contre Fidji.
C’est  de la foutaise de la part du régime, de la part de la dictature de dire que les syndicats fidjiens jouent les victimes et je pense qu’il est temps que les pressions exercées sur la dictature reflètent l’inquiétude ressentie par le reste du monde. »http://www.radioaustralia.net.au/

18) Un entretien avec le Premier ministre des Îles Salomon

Posté à 29 May 2013, 8:31 AEST
Pierre Riant

Gordon Darcy Lilo sympathise avec la Papouasie Nouvelle-Guinée.

En début de semaine dernière, le Premier ministre de Papouasie Nouvelle-Guinée, Peter O’Neill, et le ministre des Affaires étrangères, Richard Maru, se sont plaints de l’attitude de l’Australie à propos du libre-échange commercial dans la région.

Richard Maru a même indiqué que la Papouasie Nouvelle-Guinée envisageait de se retirer des négociations de l’accord PACER, un accord de libre-échange entre l’Australie, la Nouvelle-Zélande et les nations océaniennes du Pacifique. Une possibilité qui a le potentiel de torpiller plus de 4 ans de travail par 15 pays de la région.

M. Maru a expliqué que la Papouasie Nouvelle-Guinée préférait concentrer ses efforts sur un accord de libre-échange avec les nations du Groupe Mélanésien Fer de Lance (GMFL).

Le Premier ministre des Îles Salomon approuve.

LILO : « Je ne vais pas les blâmer pour avoir dit ça. Il faut que vous compreniez qu’il y a beaucoup de potentiel pour une coopération commerciale efficace entre les pays mélanésiens du Pacifique. L’Australie le respecte et c’est le scénario incontournable qui est en train d’émerger. À part l’Australie et la Nouvelle-Zélande, 92 ou 93% de la population du Pacifique  se trouvent dans le GMFL.

Et les ressources naturelles en Mélanésie sont énormes. Tant et si bien que nous avons décidé de forger un meilleur partenariat qui permettra d’englober aussi des opportunités offertes par les États micronésiens et les États polynésiens. »

Gordon Darcy Lilo était de passage en Australie la semaine dernière à l’occasion de la sixième conférence mondiale de  l’Initiative pour la Transparence des Industries Extractives (ITIE).

Et pour le Premier ministre des Îles Salomon, l’Australie ne fait pas preuve d’une approche consensuelle dans ses relations avec les nations de la région et elle garde ses distances.

LILO : « J’ai exhorté la Première ministre, Julia Gillard, et le dirigeant de l’opposition, Tony Abbott, à réfléchir à la contribution du Pacifique dans l’économie australienne.
Cela fait plus d’un siècle que nous avons un engagement à ce niveau et c’est à mon avis très important que les gouvernements d’Australie et du Pacifique se rapprochent et se rapprochent très étroitement. Et ils m’ont dit tous le deux dits que c’était la chose à faire.

Mais il faut aussi que tous les fonctionnaires, bureaucrates, technocrates s’y mettent aussi.
Alors bien sûr l’Australie est membre de l’OCDE (l’Organisation de Coopération et de Développement Économiques), mais vous devez comprendre que vous êtes un membre de l’OCDE dans une région qui fait partie de l’Océanie.

Vous êtres dans une position avantageuse pour tirer avec vous des pays avec de petites populations. Certains ont une population de seulement 2 000 habitants, moins que la banlieue de Cabramatta ici à Sydney.
Vous avec un environnement énorme qui englobe l’océan et les îles et nous avons tous une responsabilité à l’égard de cet environnement. Nous sommes tous ensemble et il n’est pas question de petite ou de grande population. »

Des propos recueillis par Jemima Garrett.http://www.radioaustralia.net.au/

MEDIA/FILM+:

19) Indonesian embassy in NZ says Papua still too dangerous for journalists

Posted at 03:23 on 29 May, 2013 UTC

The Indonesian embassy in New Zealand says it may become easier for international journalists to visit Papua, but warns it is still a volatile area.

Achmad Gozali, the Minister-Counsellor at the Indonesian Embassy in New Zealand, says there are many separatist groups in West Papua and journalists still need to be accompanied by officials.

Human rights groups and journalists have for years been reporting on abuse and attacks by Indonesian military and police in the province, and that such violations are largely unpunished.

Mr Gozali says there is some consideration given to journalists but it is still on a case by case basis and he doesn’t see unrestricted access happening any time soon.

“There is also some armed forces there from the Papua separatist movement, so it is also very dangerous.”

Achmad Gozali, the Minister-Counsellor at the Indonesian Embassy in New Zealand.

Radio New Zealand International

20) Regional Journalists Address Fiji Media Censorship Issues
Pacific Journalism Review releases newest issue

AUCKLAND, New Zealand (Pacific Scoop, May 28, 2013) – Fiji’s brand of post-coup media censorship and other Pacific political curbs are challenged in the latest Pacific Journalism Review.

“Even if the Fiji media are shackled, conferences in 2010 and 2012 provided opportunity and space to engage in some open dialogue, including criticism of the regime authorities,” the AUT-published international journal says.

“The proceedings were not confined to the Suva conference venue, or within Fiji’s borders—this is the digital age after all.”

Articles in the edition, co-edited by the University of the South Pacific’s Shailendra Singh and AUT’s Pacific Media Centre director Professor David Robie, feature New Caledonia, West Papua and climate change reporting in the region as well as Fiji.

The articles:

Canadian communications professor and author Robert A. Hackett warns of “significant democratic shortcomings” in the Fijian media’s watchdog, public sphere, community-building and communication equity roles.
Shazia Usman’s study on the Fiji print media’s coverage of female candidates in the country’s 2006 elections. Reflecting international trends, the Fiji daily newspapers “lavished attention” on male candidates while “cold-shouldering” female candidates.
Shailendra Singh’s article on conflict reporting in Fiji. His article discusses the preliminary findings of a national media survey conducted in 2012 and content analysis of coverage of Fiji’s 2006 elections.
David Robie advocates greater media visibly for indigenous, ethnic and other minorities marginalized in the “monocultural Western news model”.
Mosmi Bhim writes of media self-censorship, government warnings of a harsh crackdown on “trouble-makers,” and state promises of free, fair, and transparent elections – “all in the same breath.”
American television professor Robert A. Hooper, who has been training Pacific (and other global South) journalists frequently for the past 20 years, paints a grim picture of Fiji.
Marie M’Bala-Ndi also has some serious questions about public interest journalism and democratic empowerment in New Caledonia as the French-ruled Pacific territory, which faces a referendum over independence between 2014 and 2019.

More in this edition

The new Frontline investigative journalism section, edited by Professor Wendy Bacon and dealing with links between theory and practice in journalism research, features Bridget Fitzgerald from Monash University. She discusses how she approached three substantial features on climate change in local Australian contexts.

Pacific Scoop
All editorial and news content produced under the principles of Creative Commons. Permission to republish with attribution may be obtained from the Pacific Media Centre – pmc@aut.ac.nz

WORLD:

21) China treads carefully over Fiji says China academic

Posted at 16:53 on 28 May, 2013 UTC

China is treading carefully in its relationship with Fiji, according to a China foreign policy scholar at Wellington’s Victoria University.

Dr Marc Lanteigne, was commenting on meetings today between Fiji’s prime minister Commodore Frank Bainimarama and China’s top leaders President Xi Jin Ping and Premier Li Keqiang.

The Chinese government has described the trip as a working visit at the invitation of the premier to attend an international trade fair and a summit of the Global Services Forum.

The Fiji government says the visit underlines Fiji’s regional leadership.

Dr Lanteigne says the meetings with top Chinese leadership are very significant and Beijing sees Fiji as a keystone voice in the region.

“China’s also been very careful not to give the impression that the increasingly improved relationship with the Fijian government is all about politics.China has argued its continuing economic support for Fiji should not be necessarily construed as direct political support.”

Dr Lanteigne says China has made it very clear that it wants to be a partner in the region, not a great power seeking to push out traditional friends and allies.

Radio New Zealand International

HEALTH:

22) Solomons Hospital Facing Non-Communicable Disease Crisis
NRH official says NCDs are social issues, not health issues

By Charley Piringi

HONIARA, Solomon Islands (Solomon Star, May 29, 2013) – Most beds at the Solomon Islands National Referral Hospital are occupied by patients suffering from non-communicable diseases, health authorities revealed yesterday.

Non-communicable diseases are those in which you do not catch from another person.

Examples are diabetes, heart disease, stroke, cancers and many more. They are usually the result of genetics, lifestyle or environmental factors.

Head of the Health Promotion Division Alby Lovi said no-communicable diseases should be seen as a social problem.

“Non-communicable diseases are not health issues; they are in fact social issues,” Mr. Lovi said. “Almost every bed in every ward within the National Referral Hospital was occupied by patients with NCD-related [conditions]. Are we tap turners or floor moppers? This makes our nurses and doctors seemed as if they will never stop mopping the floor.”

Mr. Lovi highlighted this during a media training conducted to educate reporters on the Tobacco Control Act 2010.

The Act’s accompanying regulation will be launched later this year.

The health promotion’s communication officer Seula Volavola said from a medical point of view, they can only raise awareness on these diseases.

“It’s up to you to follow the medical advices or not, but it’s obvious those who disobeyed ended up in hospital,” Mr. Volavola said. “Non-communicable diseases are a double burden. “They do not know your color, your race, where you from, poor or rich, young and old. But it does know and love if you were following it.”

Non-communicable diseases have been widespread in the Pacific, reaching crisis point in 2011.

Solomon Star

BUSINESS/TRADE+:

23) South Korean company to test commercial viability of seabed mining in Fiji

Posted at 03:23 on 29 May, 2013 UTC

The head of a South Korean mining company that has been given the green light to explore the seabed mining potential in Fiji says test drilling will determine the commercial viability of the activity.

The department has granted exploration licences to the Korea Institute of Ocean Science and Technology or KIOST, Nautilus Minerals and Bluewater Minerals.

The Director of KIOST, Jang Wan Bang, says the company believes there is potential for mining copper, gold, silver and zinc.

“Through the process we will know how deep its working tide and then with that we can be estimating the recuperable deposits. So that is very, very important for us to find out whether it is commercially viable or not.”

Jang Wan Bang says KIOST will begin deep sea test drilling for sea floor massive sulphides in about three years time.

Radio New Zealand International

LAW&ORDER:

24) RAMSI Criticized For Raid Conducted In Malaita Village
Premier alleges police fired bullets, putting innocents at risk

MELBOURNE, Australia (Radio Australia, May 28, 2013) – The provincial government of Malaita in the Solomon Islands has accused RAMSI of undermining peace efforts after police raided a village looking for a fugitive.

Police were searching the village in Central Kwara’ae for Edmond Sae, who is wanted for the alleged murder of former police commissioner Sir Fred Soaki in 2003.

Deputy Premier Alick Maeaba has told Radio Australia’s Pacific Beat villagers are being put at risk.

“When the shots were fired, innocent people were escaping into the bush, for example, women, children, were escaping into the bush because they were afraid because of the gunshots that were first in the air,” he said.

Police believe Edmond Sae is hiding in the Malaitan jungle.

The Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands (RAMSI), in a statement, has denied reports shots were fired but said “non-lethal distraction devices” were used.

The statement said no RAMSI military personnel were involved.

Although no casualties have been reported, Mr. Maeaba says the raid has disturbed peace efforts in Malaita province.

“What I would like RAMSI to do is… not to threaten people with this kind of gunfire, because it really jeopardizes the whole peace process in Malaita Province,” he said.

“While the peace process is still a very fragile situation, gunfire must not be practiced. We are dealing with human beings who have been traumatized by ethnic tension.”

Radio Australia: www.abc.net.au/ra

SPORTS:

25) Tonga defeats Japan in Pacific Nations Cup

Updated 27 May 2013, 10:23 AEST

The opening matches of the expanded Pacific Nations Cup tournament were held at the weekend.

Tonga 27 defeated Japan 17 and Canada 16 defeated USA 9.

Presenter: Geraldine Coutts

Speaker: Will Glenwright, Oceania General Manager, IRB

PALU: The problem of NCDs here in Tonga is a huge problem. We just had the program launched on the 22nd. May, which was last Wednesday, and the chief surgeon, so I guess I need to explain a little bit better. They’re using for this year, a health threat, in order to raise peoples’ awareness on the problems they’ll be getting if they continue on a lifestyle of physical inactivity and poor diet, and, of course, the other two factors are not drinking too much alcohol or alcohol abuse and tobacco smoking,

But in our launch, it was stated that more than 70% of deaths here in Tonga, every year, about 600 people die, it’s a small community, but about 600 people die. The population is about 1,000, 100,00 sorry. So about 600 people die every year and more than 70% is attributed to NCDs or NCD-related. So we do have a huge problem on our hands, statistics that was given by the Ministry of Health states that what the latest WHO step survey says that 94.9% of women are either overweight or obese, so we do have a huge problem off our hands, which then led us to design a campaign that would advocate, not only through mass media, but also at community level, that people really take consider their actions and they’re lack of physical activity through showing them the consequences to a health threat, consequences of they’re lack of physical activity and poor diet.

COUTTS: All right. And you’re going to. How will that actually work when the netball tournaments are on. Are you going to have education campaigns or are you inviting people to come in who are overweight to join the netball teams and this competition?

PALU: Yes, that’s right. Well, it’s always a risk to be, well, we’re targeting women in general 15-45. We’re working as I said through mass media, promoting the tournament, as well as working through different activities, during this intervention, so about four to six weeks, we do very intensive activity at community level, where we put out drama groups, we do health walks, we do things like that in order to encourage people to be aware of the campaign and to take on board the message. We’re encouraging people 30 minutes of no less than three times a week, because netball is vigorous physical activity, so we need to be careful as well about the level of injuries and things like that. We do ask them to see a doctor first before they do come on board, but we do have people at village level. We’ve started to, the Tongan Netball Association’s taking care of the grassroots stuff, so they’re getting volunteers on board where they’re able to cater for women who are wanting to be physically active, but maybe they’ve got some sort of health condition or maybe they’re too overweight for netball, so there are other options that we give them, not just netball. But yeah, we’re building up towards the netball tournament which is starting from Vava’u, one of the outer islands in Tongatapu from the 22nd. June, then coming down to another island which is Ha’apia  on the 29th and then finally it arrives in Tongatapu on the 13th. July.

COUTTS: All right. So you don’t have to be an accomplished netball player. You can be a beginner to join in?

PALU: No, yes that’s right, that’s right, that’s very true. So Tonga Netball Association actually modifies some of the things that they do in order to cater at village level. You’ve got to be aware that at the outer islands, Ha’apia, Vava’u and Eua. There was no netball at all before the Kau Mai Tonga Program. They had some school, schools had netball, but there wasn’t a lot of activity. So you have to build slowly to introduce some of the rules, so there’s a lot of well, there’s modifications on the rules. So it’s really social play with the Kau Mai Tonga Tournament. It’s really just to get people to be physically active and to say hey, why don’t you come and try netball. Try it out, see if you like it, continue to do it.http://www.radioaustralia.net.au/

26) Fiji Open a valuable hit-out for Pacific tennis players

Posted at 01:53 on 29 May, 2013 UTC

Some of the Pacific’s top tennis players will get some valuable match-time this week at the Fiji Open, which starts in Nadi on Wednesday.

The Davis Cup tennis tie involving the Pacific Oceania Team, was postponed earlier this month due to political unrest in Myanmar and will now be played in Dubai in September.

The Joint Executive Officer of the Oceania Tennis Federation, David Smith. says after the frustrations on the past month this week’s tournament is a welcome hit-out.

“It was disappointing but Fiji Open does give the opportunity for the likes of Cyril Jacobe from Vanuatu. He’s the number one Pacific Oceania Davis Cup player so he’s the top seed in the men’s open singles. We’ve also got William O’Connell – he’s in college in the States and he’s the number two seed- and I think he’s probably one of the up and coming players who eventually will force himself into the team.”

The hometown hope Tarani Kamoe is both the top seed and defending champ in the women’s singles draw.

Radio New Zealand International

27) Kayakers conquer the white waters of PNG’s Chimbu River

Posted at 03:23 on 29 May, 2013 UTC

It’s third time lucky for four adventurers from New Zealand, who’ve been the first to kayak the treacherous canyons of a remote Papua New Guinea river.

The kayakers were sponsored by Sport New Zealand and spent two years preparing for the fifty kilometre expedition along the Chimbu River in PNG’s Simbu province.

They were tested by class five rapids on some stages of the ten day journey which also saw them having to carry kayaks around cliffs along sections where the Chimbu went underground.

Team leader, Jordan Searle, says he has tried to kayak the Chimbu twice before and failed, but this time ended up near Kundiawa safe and sound, with some encouragement from the locals.

“And they’d yell out positively to try and get us to the side of the river, because they figured we were going to die. And that was a pretty good indication that we were in the right place because if they thought we were going to die, it was probably class four or five which is what we wanted.”

Jordan Searle says the Chimbu has great adventurer tourism potential.

Radio New Zealand International

28) Pacific Islanders Significantly Valued In World Sports
Rugby, football, and Japanese sumo open for islanders

MELBOURNE, Australia (Radio Australia, May 28, 2013, 2013) – A new report says a global boom in Pacific Island recruits to professional sports is providing a platform for economic growth in their home countries.

Researchers say the world’s two million Polynesians have become a hot commodity for sports ranging from American football to rugby to sumo wrestling.

Co-author Peter Horton from James Cook University has told Radio Australia’s Pacific Beat both codes of rugby have led the way for Pacific recruits.

“Looking at this whole realm of Pacific Islanders now becoming one of the major forces in rugby is indicative,” he said.

“Fifty percent of all junior players, if not more, in West Sydney of Pacific Island descent, not necessarily migrant, but second or third generation even.

“In New Zealand, in their provincial rugby – both Maori and the Islanders are together are something like 17 percent, if not less, of the playing group of the population…[but] they product 50 percent of the Super Rugby players that play in New Zealand teams.”

Around 50 Pacific Islanders, including Pittsburgh Steelers star Troy Polamalu, who is of Samoan descent, play in the NFL, while Tongans also have a strong tradition in competing in sumo in Japan.

Pacific Islanders also figure as a strong presence in the French and British rugby competitions.

Mr. Horton attributes such a phenomenon to the role of sports in Pacific Islanders’ culture.

“This is one of the only ways in which young Pacific Islanders men can actually get ahead into the family, into the community,” he said.

“Rugby is one of their passions, second probably after the church, and of course ahead of their family – and the family is an incredibly important aspect of Pacific Islanders.”

This phenomenon, he says, is sometimes seen as an exploitation of the talent in the Pacific region.

“There’s a French rugby team that now has a coaching nursery, a rugby nursery in the islands in Fiji and they run camps and they coach kids and then they pluck the best kids and zoom them off to France at a young age into junior levels,” he said.

“They then get citizenship or residency which then allows the club to maintain them which probably excludes them from their national team if they become good, or Fiji’s national team if they become good.

“It parallels in many ways, the harvesting shall we say, perhaps blackbirding of Pacific Islander rugby players, to keep in mind the colonial sort of image of people being plucked out of the islands and dropped into the sugar industries in Queensland.”

However, Mr. Horton says Pacific Islanders’ involvement in the international sporting scene should not be seen as exploitation but rather, as a platform for them to contribute to their family and wider community economically.

“They contribute to the family, they then contribute to their wider family or community in their islands, usually up to 30 percent of income, and many have ties to churches,” he said. “I hear some of the people in my research have put in, their family puts in as much as $10,000 a year into their local church.”
Radio Australia: www.abc.net.au/ra

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