Smol Melanesian Na Pasifik Nius Digest # 864


1) MSG honours silver jubilee


IT WAS a very fun filled night at the closing dinner of Melanesian Spearhead Group (MSG) Silver Jubilee celebrations in Crowne Plaza on Saturday night.
The highlight of the show was Melanesian Fashion show and entertainment. The ceremony was complemented by Manus dancers, Bambu band from Autonomous Region of Bougainville (AROB) and UPNG arts students and Rebels band.
Stand in speaker of the Occasion on behalf of Foreign Affairs Minister Rimbink Pato was Minister for Finance James Marape who addressed the small but, significant guest that were present at the evening.
Mr Marape acknowledged the MSG Secretariat office for their tireless effort in making sure that the organisation has come this far from its humble beginning.
He said the starting of MSG in Goroka town in Eastern Highlands province in Papua New Guinea was the reason for us to be happy.
“During 25 years of operation, MSG has played an important part in trade, investment, culture, tourism, agriculture, education and competition with the Five Island member state. Our founding fathers had a vision for the future of the country and after two decades, the foudation they have laid is still there,” Mr Marape said.
Vice president of Congress of New Caledonia Mr Roch Wamytan thanked PNG for their friendly hospitality in facilitating the five weeks of consultation and marking the Silver Jubilee Anniversary Celebrations.
Mr Roch Wamytan said that it was a huge responsibility for the country to take the chair of the MSG which will carry forward the organisation in addressing the issues of climate change and socio-economic development.

2) PNG Seeking Joint Border Projects With Indonesia
West Papua independence issue ‘looms’ in backdrop

WELLINGTON, New Zealand (Radio New Zealand International, June 4, 2013) – Papua New Guinea’s government is eyeing joint projects with Indonesia as a way of promoting economic growth in the underdeveloped area of the two countries’ common border.

A team from the Ministry of State Enterprises and Investment recently went to Jakarta, where it discussed establishing partnerships with Indonesian counterparts, particularly in the development of natural resources.

But, as Johnny Blades reports, as with any matter concerning this porous international border, the sensitive issue of self-determination for Indonesia’s West Papuan people looms over the collaboration.

Indonesia is shifting its oil and gas exploration focus to its eastern region of Papua and is considering joint operations with Papua New Guinea. The leader of the PNG government team which went to Indonesia, Dr. Clement Waine, says the first reason for their trip was to prepare the groundwork for the upcoming state visit to Indonesia by the Prime Minister, Peter O’Neill.

“The second purpose was to explore the possibilities of opening up the West Papua and on the Papua side the border areas, and explore for the petroleum, the minerals, the timber, fisheries and other natural resources over there. And that will help to open up the frontier, and I think it’ll empower the people of West Papua – ’empower’ in terms of the economic opportunities along their own border.”

John Tekwie is the former Governor of PNG’s West Sepik Province, which is located on the border, as well as the country representative for the West Papua National Coalition for Liberation. He welcomes the joint development moves.

“I would be so naive and mediocre to use that Papua (Indistinct) to deny my people or even the people on the other side development and change for a better life. This is an opportunity that the governments want to maybe use for the betterment of all of us.”

He places great significance in the request made by Indonesia’s president Susilo Bambang Yudhyono to Peter O’Neill for PNG help to develop Papua.

“Indonesia’s president, for him to come forward and ask for Papua New Guinea’s help, that, in itself, has never happened before in the history of these two countries, so far as West Papua is concerned. So for us and the organisation that’s promoting the cause for the victims of West Papua, that kind of a gesture, that’s hope, positively, that something good happens.”

But the Governor of PNG’s Oro Province, Gary Juffa, is among those who are opposed to any joint activities with Indonesia while its military forces are amassed in Papua and linked to ongoing human rights abuses and killings of West Papuans.

“Personally, I think PNG should not enter into any trade agreement, into any arrangements for business with Indonesia until such time as the West Papua issue is resolved. These are Melanesians. There are three million Pacific Islanders that live on that half of the island, and this government has blood on their hands still wet and dripping. And here we are trying to sit at the table and feast with them? It makes no sense.”

John Tekwie says any resulting developments from the collaboration must not happen at the expense of the West Papuans and that lasting peace in Papua region can only come about if its indigenous people are given self-determination.

Radio New Zealand International:

3) Duban ousted

Court declares election null and void


MADANG MP and Police Minister Nixon Duban has lost his seat following a successful election petition against him.
Justice Les Gavara-Nanu yesterday declared Mr Duban’s election in the 2013 polls null and void at the Madang Court of disputed Returns.
Mr Philip Duban is a member of Prime Minister Peter O’Neill’s People’s National Congress Party. The election petition was filed by runner up Bryan Kramer, an independent candidate and the founder of the Youth-Link who polled 7939 votes behind Mr Duban who polled 8483. Mr Kramer alleged four grounds of illegal practices, bribery and undue influence.
Mr Duban was declared as the duly elected MP for the Madang Open Electorate on July 24, 2012, while the election petition was filed by Mr Kramer in August with the amended document soon after in October. Mr Duban attempted to have the matter thrown out three times. Twice his lawyer Samson Jubi of Twivey Lawyers failed and on the third attempt, partially succeeded with two of the grounds being thrown out before the case went to trial.
Grounds that subsequently went to trial before Justice Gavara-Nanu included those in relation to the events at Aufan Village in which petitioner Mr Kramer alleged that Mr Duban had handed out money during a youth gathering on April 20, 2012 and the presentation of a K300, 000 National Gaming Control Board cheque to the Yagaum rural hospital on June 11, 2012.
The petitioner through his lawyer Young Wadau of Young Wadau and Associates called eight witnesses to testify to these allegations while the first respondent through his lawyer Mr Jubi of Twivey Lawyer called five witnesses.
Justice Gavara-Nanu in his draft ruling which was handed down before a packed court room yesterday said there was sufficient evidence and ordered the 2012 national elections for the Madang Open seat null and void.
He said there was enough evidence to prove that Mr Duban had handed out K50 and K100 notes to individuals during the youth gathering, thereby influencing the recipients in their decision as to who to vote for.
Justice Gavara-Nanu said Mr Duban had failed to adduce any to explain why he had handed out these monies, adding that this amounted to fraud.
He described this as an attempt of bribery and undue influence, which included the cheque presentation to the Yagaum hospital.
The judge said evidence provided in court showed that one individual had voted for Mr Duban because of the “generous donation” he had given to this rural hospital.
Justice Gavara-Nanu said Mr Duban had failed to disclose his source of funding when he announced that he had secured K1.2 million for Yagaum Hospital and presented K300,000 as the first payment.
He said it was only later when it was disclosed that the funds came from the National Gaming Control Board, adding that this also fraudulent and interfered with the rights of voters.
“The cheque was raised on May 2, 2012 and was not delivered to the hospital until June 28 during the height of campaign. This was not only an attempt to bribe but was actual evidence of bribery,” the judge said.
The initial relief which had been sought by petitioner Mr Kramer was for a by-election. However, during the latter stages of the court proceedings, he requested a recount and/or that he be declared the MP.
However, Justice Gavara-Nanu in refusing the reliefs sought, declared them to be improper and ruled for a by-election to be conducted immediately.
He also strongly recommended that three of the witnesses called in by the first respondent be interviewed by the police for possible charges of perjury.

4) Vanuatu Government agrees to improve women’s representation in parliament

Posted 5 June 2013, 10:23 AEST

The Vanuatu Government has approved a plan for a minimum of 30 per cent representation of women in parliament.

The Vanuatu Government has approved a plan for a minimum of 30 per cent representation of women in parliament.

This means the Vanuatu Parliament could pass a law in August to ensure that seats are set aside for women.

The chairperson of the Coalition for Gender Equity in Parliament, Jenny Ligo, says she is pleased with the agreement and hopes it will be passed.

“The process is still long, but…we are eager to see it through and implement it,” Ms Ligo said.

“It is something that we want the government to do and now they have started and we will want to see it go through.”

Ms Ligo believes the criteria of the agreement needs to be clear in order to ensure a smooth election process.

“It has to be clear to women so that women themselves then don’t argue over who will get a seat,” she said.

“Seats will have to come clearly so women understand the process, and then we will agree that this is it, so that we will not have any hiccups on the way, in implementing or achieving the final outcome.”

Ms Ligo says women need to be educated “on the ground” as to how the new voting process will work.

“I have called on the department of women’s affairs director [to] call a forum just for women to explain what the process is…what is the criteria to have women’s representation in provincial and municipal counsel and even in parliament,” she said.

Ms Ligo says the allocation of funding in gender programs also needs to be improved.

“I think we have enough funding…but [the department of women’s affairs] have to make sure that they use the funding in a proper way so that it’s spread out and all the women benefit from it,” she said.

In 2012, 17 women contested the elections, but none were elected to parliament, including Ms Ligo who competed unsuccessfully for a Port Vila seat.

For more information : Audio: Jenny Ligo speaks to Pacific Beat


5) French UMP denounces Wallis MP poaching scandal

Posted at 01:47 on 05 June, 2013 UTC

The French opposition UMP Party says it wants to know how the new French Assembly member for Wallis and Futuna ended up siding with the ruling Socialist Party.

A senior parliamentarian, Christian Jacob, says he would like to find out how the Socialists managed to officially enlist Napole Polutele on their ranks when his campaign in March was funded by the UMP.

The UMP says this amounts to a poaching scandal.

Mr Polutele was elected in a by-election after the French Constitutional Court annulled last year’s election result because the winner, David Verge, was found guilty of campaign irregularities.

Mr Verge was also banned from running for office for a year, prompting his wife to seek the seat, but she came only third.

Radio New Zealand International

6) Tongan MP call for judicial review of multi-million advances on Fua’amotu leases

By Online Editor
5:53 pm GMT+12, 04/06/2013, Tonga

Advance lease payments by the Tongan Government amounting to over TOP$3 million (US$1.72 million) to three royal estate holders are being challenged by Sione Taione, a People’s Representative to the Tonga Legislative Assembly.

Taione filed an application with the Nuku’alofa Supreme Court on 29 May for a Judicial Review. He is asking the Supreme Court to make a ruling on the legality of the payments made to three royal estate holders authorized by government on 23 March 2011. The leases cover the island kingdom’s Fu’amotu International Airport.

In his application, Taione stated that on 30 June 2011, TOP$2 million (U$$1.14 million) was paid to Lord Kalaniuvalu by the government of Tonga, for an advance lease payment. On 10 February 2012, TOP$1 million (US$574,000) was paid by the government to Prince Tu’ipelehake for an advance lease payment and on 16 June 2011, TOP$119,500 (US$68,600) was paid to Prince Tungi by government for the same purpose.

In addition to these advance lease payments, Cabinet also authorized the handing over of two government quarters to Fotu, a matapule, and an estate holder in the area of Lupepau’u Airport in Vava’u.

Taione said he initially raised his concerns in parliament in April 2012 on whether it was legal or illegal for the Cabinet to pay the amounts, and to transfer the ownership of government properties. He said he followed it up with a motion supported by other members of parliament tabled seeking a resolution over their concern.

Parliament referred the motion for a resolution to a Select Committee of which Taione was a member.

He claimed that when the matter was returned from the Select Committee to the House, members did not decide the legal status of the payments already paid to the estate holders, but parliament passed an Appropriation Act to complete the payments due to the estate holders.



7) ‘Competing Interests’ For Pagan Discussed In CNMI
Mining, homesteading and military use proposed for island

By Haidee V. Eugenio

SAIPAN, CNMI (Saipan Tribune, June 5, 2013) – Department of Public Lands (DPL) secretary-nominee Pete A. Tenorio told senators yesterday that “imminent and competing interests” in Pagan pose challenges to the agency tasked to manage public lands and to the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands government as a whole. These include the U.S. military’s plan to build live-fire training ranges on Pagan and the CNMI’s plans on pozzolan mining, future homesteading, geothermal and hydrothermal resources and eco-tourism.

Tenorio, at the same time, told reporters that DPL is looking into a Senate-adopted resolution urging DPL and the Office of the Governor to reinstate JG Sablan Rock Quarry Inc.’s pozzolan commercial mining permit on Pagan.

He said DPL has yet to talk to JG Sablan to determine whether the company still has investor partners on board, whether it has the resources to mine and transport pozzolan from Pagan to Saipan, and other needed resources.

Tenorio also said JG Sablan’s reported $8 million unpaid obligation to DPL is a “separate matter” and he does not want to mix the two issues together.

Moreover, Tenorio said DPL still has to determine whether there is still a strong demand for pozzolan just like before.

Pozzolan, volcanic ash spewed on Pagan, is used as an additive to make cement.

Senators earlier said that by allowing JG Sablan to mine pozzolan on Pagan, the government could generate millions of revenue that could prolong the NMI Retirement Fund’s lifespan beyond March 2014, fund public health, education and public safety programs, and help build infrastructure in the Northern Islands.

The Senate Committee on Executive Appointments and Government Investigations chaired by Sen. Frank Cruz (R-Tinian) held a public hearing yesterday afternoon on Tenorio’s nomination as DPL secretary.

All the nine individuals that testified before the committee urged the Senate to confirm Tenorio, whom they described as possessing the knowledge, experience, and education to lead DPL.

No one testified against the nomination, which is expected to be voted on in the next Senate session.

Tenorio told senators that DPL has started working closely with the Marianas Public Lands Trust on the constitutionally required transfer of funds from DPL to MPLT, an issue which he said created an atmosphere of mistrust in the past.

“DPL looks forward to rectifying this stalemate by remitting funds to MPLT in time and in a manner that fulfills our respective fiduciary obligations under our constitution and our laws,” he told senators.

He cited three challenges ahead of DPL and the government as a whole, including homesteading, pozzolan mining on Pagan and the U.S. military’s plan to use Pagan for live-fire training.

“So what do we do with future homesteading, the pozzolan resource, geothermal and hydrothermal resources for electricity generation in the future, and economic development of Pagan in the form of eco-tourism destinations, among other essential public purposes in the face of some imminent and competing interests?” Tenorio told the senators.

He said these questions will continue to face CNMI lawmakers “and we all hope that some meaningful balance addressing all needs and concerns are reached.”

Ike DLG. Demapan from the Executive Branch presented Tenorio to the Senate EAGI panel.

Tenorio has a bachelor’s degree in geology and master’s degrees in geosciences specializing in hydrology and environmental health.

He was a member of the Marianas Political Status commission which negotiated the Covenant between the U.S. and NMI, served as the first executive director of the Marianas Public Land Corp. from 1977 to 1981, elected as a lieutenant governor for eight years, and was a CNMI resident representative to Washington, D.C.

Saipan Tribune


8) Ol jadge blong Asia Pacific i toktok long wei blong dil wantaim HIV

Postim 5 June 2013, 12:28 AEST

Ol jadge blong Asia Pacific i bung long Thailand long toktok long heve ol pipol wantaim HIV bai igat ikam long tingting blong ol

Tripela ten ol jadge ikam long 16 kantri blong Asia Pacific ibin bung long Thailand long toktok long hau oli ken kamapim moa gutpela luksave igo long ol pipol igat sik HIV.

Ol senia jadge ibin harim ol toktok i kamap long wei ol tingting blong loa iken kamapim kain wari long sait blong human rait blong pipol em oli gat sik HIV long wanpela bung  long Bangkok

Dr Mandeep Dhaliwal, dairekta blong HIV, Helt na Development wantaim United Nations Developmen Program, ibin tokim Asia Pacific program blong Radio Australia i tru ol jadge iwok long ol kantri igat  narapela kain bilif na sidaun blong ol, olgeta blong ol igat wankain wok long mekim long lukautim human raits.

Emi tok ol jadge iken wok long mekim ol samting long daunim ol rong insait  long kot rum na ol lain blong loa,tasol bikpela long en insait long ol komuniti

Emi go hed na itok ol jadge i olsem lida  long komuniti, komuniti i gat bilif  long ol olsem oli no lain blong sapotim wanpela sait tasol, oli mas glasim gut evidens na bikpela long en lukautim gut human rait.

Ms Dhaliwal itok  international Forum i mekim bikpela wok we i givim ol jadge ikam  long ol kantri igat narakain loa jans long sharim save oli gat na wei oli mekim wok blong ol.

Bilong mo infomesen : Audio: Mandeep Dhaliwal i toktok long Asia Pacific  program long Radio Australia


9) Pembunuhan karena ilmu hitam dikhawatirkan menyebar di Pasifik

Diperbaharui 5 June 2013, 9:37 AEST

Koresponden Canberra Karen Barlow

Ahli budaya Melanesia mengatakan serangan dan pembunuhan yang berhubungan dengan ilmu hitam meningkat dan mungkin menyebar dari Papua Nugini ke wilayah lainnya di Pasifik.

Sebuah konferensi yang membicarakan pembunuhan yang berhubungan dengan ilmu hitam sedang berlangsung di ibu kota Australia, Canberra.

Beberapa ahli mengatakan jumlah pembunuhan meningkat di Papua Nugini, yang telah melakukan beberapa langkah perubahan dalam hukum yang mengatur ilmu hitam.

Lawrence Foana’ota dari Museum Nasional Kepulauan Solomon mengatakan ilmu hitam di negaranya telah dipraktikkan sejak lama, tapi kini berubah karena pengaruh dari kawasan.

“Ada beberapa tren yang datang dari negara-negara Melanesia lainnya, seperti Papua Nugini, yang kini terjadi di Solomon…dan saya yakin ini juga terjadi dalam dunia ilmu hitam,” katanya.

Ahli tersebut khawatir bahwa rasa takut dan tidak stabil yang disebabkan oleh kepercayaan atas ilmu hitam memperlambat pembangunan regional.

Konferensi mengenai ilmu hitam tersebut akan mendiskusikan bagaimana keretakan masyarakat, balas dendam dan budaya Barat menjadi beberapa penyebab peningkatan pembunuhan tersebut di Papua Nugini.

Pendeta Jack Urame dari Melanesian Institute mengatakan pemimpin agama juga bisa bertindak lebih banyak.

Papua Nugini telah mengabaikan kritik internasional dengan memberlakukan kembali hukuman mati untuk mengatasi kejahatan brutal, termasuk ilmu hitam.

Perserikatan Bangsa-Bangsa dan Uni Eropa telah mengritik pemberlakuan hukuman mati tersebut.

10) Hakim-hakim Asia Pasifik diskusikan HIV

Diperbaharui 5 June 2013, 8:47 AEST

Tiga puluh hakim dari enam belas negara-negara Asia Pasifik melakukan pertemuan di Thailand untuk mendiskusikan pembuatan proses hukum yang lebih baik bagi ODHA (Orang dengan HIV/AIDS).

Hakim-hakim senior tersebut melihat bagaimana keputusan pengadilan bisa memengaruhi hak asasi ODHA di sebuah forum di Bangkok.

Dr Mandeep Dhaliwal, direktur bidang HIV dalam badan PBB, United Nations Development Programme, mengatakan kepada program Radio Australia Asia Pacific bahwa walaupun hakim-hakim tersebut bekerja di konteks sosial dan budaya yang berbeda, mereka semua memiliki tanggung jawab yang sama untuk melindungi hak asasi manusia.

“Saya pikir [para hakim] bisa memainkan peranan penting untuk mengurangi stigma, baik di dalam ruang pengadilan, komunitas hukum, dan juga masyarakat secara lebih luas,” katanya.

“Hakim adalah pemimpin di komunitas mereka…mereka adalah panutan masyarakat sekitar mereka untuk mengambil keputusan tanpa prasangka, berdasarkan bukti dan untuk melindungi hak asasi manusia,” lanjutnya.

Mandeep Dhaliwal mengatakan forum internasional seperti yang diadakan di Bangkok tersebut memainkan “peran sangat penting” untuk memberikan hakim-hakim dari berbagai konteks hukum kesempatan berbagi pengalaman.

Salah satu contoh yang didiskusikan adalah bagaimana Mahkamah Agung di India memutuskan untuk menghapuskan hukum yang mengkriminalisasi homoseksualitas dan bagaimana keputusan seperti itu bisa mengubah masyarakat.

Dalam konferensi itu, badan PBB UNAIDS juga menerbitkan buku panduan hukum pertama mereka dalam bidang HIV, hak asasi manusia dan hukum.

“Ini adalah kompilasi topik-topik yang mungkin dihadapi pengadilan dalam berbagai konteks…untuk memberikan hakim panduan dalam melakukan interpretasi hukum,” kata Mandeep Dhaliwal.


11) Conférence sur la sorcellerie en Mélanésie

Posté à 5 June 2013, 8:35 AEST

Pierre Riant

Cette conférence s’ouvre aujourd’hui à Canberra dans la capitale fédérale australienne.

Le but est d’explorer des solutions aux problèmes causés par la sorcellerie en Papouasie Nouvelle-Guinée, aux Îles Salomon et au Vanuatu.

Richard Eves est un spécialiste de la Mélanésie et nous parle de la prévalence de cette sorcellerie.

EVES : « Et bien c’est très répandu, omniprésent pour ainsi dire, et cela va des personnes éduquées à l’université en passant par des médecins, des fonctionnaires du gouvernement jusque dans les villages. C’est un système de croyances omniprésent. »

L’éducation a quand même fait du chemin en Mélanésie et on peut se demander si la sorcellerie n’est pas une excuse pour se venger de quelqu’un ou lui faire du mal.

Rappelons que de nombreuses femmes ont été tuées en Papouasie Nouvelle-Guinée après avoir été accusées de sorcellerie, mais en grattant un peu, on s’aperçoit qu’un litige foncier ou une dispute clanique s’abrite derrière cette sorcellerie.

EVES : « Mais c’est toujours profondément ancré. Il y a beaucoup plus d’égalité actuellement en Mélanésie et cela engendre l’envie et la jalousie les grands facteurs motivants derrière les accusations de sorcellerie. »

Autre question à Richard Eves : est-ce qu’il y a une différence entre une personne qui croie en la sorcellerie et une personne qui pratique la sorcellerie ?

EVES : « Et bien oui. C’est une question très intéressante.  En général, les gens refusent d’admettre qu’ils la pratique. Mais je sais après avoir travaillé pendant de nombreuses années en Papouasie Nouvelle-Guinée qu’il y a des sorciers et des sorcières qui ont une certaine connaissance en eux, qui ont des sorts et qu’ils pratiquent la sorcellerie. Mais ils disent toujours : pas de sorcellerie chez nous, c’est dans le village d’à côté. Jamais chez eux.
Je pense que c’est dû en partie à l’époque du colonialisme quand la sorcellerie était interdite, les gens ont donc beaucoup de mal à reconnaitre qu’ils font ce genre de choses. »

Richard Eves tient aussi a précisé qu’il faut faire la différence entre les croyances très répandues en la sorcellerie et les meurtres qui ont été commis au nom de la sorcellerie notamment en Papouasie Nouvelle-Guinée mais en général les sociétés mélanésiennes ne s’impliquent pas dans la torture et les meurtres.

Une dernière question à Richard Eves, comment devient-on sorcier ou sorcière ?

EVES : « C’est souvent assez secret, c’est un homme qui le passe à son fils par exemple. Mais maintenant, c’est devenu un produit. Des gens vendent ce qu’ils savent et toute une série de nouvelles personnes ont accès à cette forme de connaissance. Ce qui n’était pas le cas avant car c’était vraiment tenu secret.  C’était considéré comme très puissant. Mais maintenant on la vend à quiconque veut acheter »

12) Boom des MST au sein de la jeunesse vanuataise

Posté à 5 June 2013, 8:40 AEST

Pierre Riant

Les statistiques sont perturbantes : 40% des garçons et des filles âgées de 15 à 19 ans seraient infectés.

L’ONG Save the Children, (Sauvez les Enfants), propose à 35 jeunes de l’île d’Efate, un atelier de travail de deux semaines autour du thème de la santé reproductive.

Le but est de convaincre ces jeunes de prendre la santé sexuelle au sérieux.

Chris Hagarty est le directeur des programmes de santé chez Save the Children. Quelles ont été les réactions locales après la publication de ces statistiques indiquant que près de la moitié des jeunes de 15 à 19 ans sont infectés par une Maladie Sexuellement Transmissible (MST) ?

HAGARTY : « Les gens sont un peu sous le choc. Ces chiffres ont récemment été publiés par le ministère de la Santé et sont issus d’une étude effectuée en 2008. À mon avis cet étude s’est intéressée à un petit échantillon de personnes. Les chiffres sont donc peut-être un peu plus alarmants que la réalité dans le reste du pays.

D’un autre côté, cette étude remonte à plusieurs années et depuis la situation s’est peut-être aggravée.
Toujours est-il que quand j’en parle avec les jeunes, ils sont surpris d’apprendre que 40% d’entre seraient atteint d’une MST, c’est une surprise pour beaucoup de personnes. »

Les 35 jeunes qui participent à l’atelier de travail ont été triés sur le volet. Ils font en général partie d’un club de jeunesse dans lequel ils vont retourner après l’atelier de travail afin de pouvoir transmettre ce qu’ils ont appris et prêcher la bonne parole au sein de leur communauté respective.

HAGARTY : « Nous avons identifié ceux qui étaient particulièrement motivés sur le plan social et nous avons déjà travaillé avec eux au fil des ans sur des questions ou des sujets en particulier. Ils ont déjà fait ce genre d’exercice.
Nous espérons donc qu’après ces 2 semaines de travail, ils pourront mettre un plan d’action en place et transmettre le message chez eux. Et nous, Save The Children, nous continuerons de les accompagner et de les soutenir. »

13) Fidji manque de joueuses d’échecs

Posté à 5 June 2013, 8:45 AEST

Pierre Riant

La Fédération fidjienne des échecs a lancé un appel pour obtenir davantage de joueuses d’échecs dans la perspective des Olympiades d’échecs de 2014 en Norvège.

L’Olympiade d’échecs est une compétition internationale qui se déroule tous les deux ans, chaque année paire, et qui a débuté à Londres en 1927.

En 2012, Istanbul a accueilli plus de 1 700 joueurs représentants 152 pays.

Hilda Vukikomoala, l’étoile montante des échecs fidjiens, indique que les équipes féminines ont besoin de 4 joueuses pour participer aux Olympiades de Tromsø : « Beaucoup de gens jouent aux échecs à Fidji mais il n’y en a pas beaucoup qui se lancent dans les compétions et il y a toujours plus d’hommes que de femmes. »

14) Sondage : Béréniza pour le Parti travailliste australien

Posté à 5 June 2013, 8:48 AEST

Pierre Riant

Les élections du 14 septembre s’annoncent mal, très mal pour le parti au pouvoir.

Le dernier sondage d’opinion montre qu’un électeur sur deux a l’intention de voter pour la Coalition d’opposition qui possède maintenant 16 points d’avance sur le gouvernement de Julia Gillard : 58 points contre 42.

La marge d’erreur du sondage a été établie à 3%.

Si les résultats de ce sondage deviennent réalité, les Travaillistes perdront 35 sièges  aux élections de septembre.

La Coalition d’opposition détient actuellement 72 sièges, le gouvernement est minoritaire avec 71 sièges mais peut compter sur le soutien de plusieurs députés indépendants au nombre de 7.


15a) Pacific singer draws on her rich musical background

Updated 6 June 2013, 11:34 AEST

Half-Indian, half-Samoan and raised in New Zealand, Pacific singer Aaradhna who has been making strides on the global stage says her family’s musical roots have helped shape her as an artist.

Aaradhna has secured an American record deal and won a record-breaking six awards from this year’s Pacific Music Awards in New Zealand

Half-Indian, half-Samoan and raised in New Zealand, Pacific singer Aaradhna who has been making strides on the global stage says her family’s musical roots have helped shape her as an artist.

It is turning out to be a monumental year for Aaradhna Jayantilal Patel, better known by her stage name Aaradhna.

She has secured an American record deal and won a record-breaking six awards from this year’s Pacific Music Awards in New Zealand, the most wins by one artist in the history of the awards.

Aaradhna has told Radio Australia’sPacific Beat about how her parents inspired her to begin writing her own music from the age of 11.

Audio: Aaradhna speaks to Pacific Beat (ABC News)

“I grew up listening to my mum and dad singing, because they both sing,” she said.

“My dad’s Indian, my mum’s Samoan and (they) basically perform a lot. They would take us as kids to where they perform…I was inspired musically by them first, and that helped craft my sound.”

The 29 year old singer’s latest album Treble & Reverb spent 14 weeks in the NZ charts and led to her being picked up by American label Republic Records, the same label that signed Amy Winehouse.

Now, she is about to head out on her first national US tour over July.

Aaradhna recently had her first taste of performing in the US at a Republic Records showcase and at the legendary New York live venue SOB’s.

“It was awesome, really surreal,” Aaradhna said.

“It was my first time in New York City so I was really just excited about everything, I had a great time.”

She has also been working with multi-platinum US producer Kwame’ Holland, who’s worked with Mary J Blige, Eminem and The Pussycat Dolls, and has even recorded a song for the NBA Playoffs.

Aaradhna started turning heads with her platinum single Wake Up, which marks a turning point in her life.

“(At the) end of 2006, I just left the music industry because I was not in the right mindframe,” she said.

“I was a bit depressed for a long time and, sometime in 2008, I wrote this song and it was just me trying to tell myself to…get out there. It’s just me telling myself to wake up.”

Aaradhna continues to draw on her background and life experiences for inspiration.

“I get my inspiration from life itself, from the lessons that come with it, love…whatever I feel strongly about, I’ll write about it,” she said.

“I just try to do the best that I can, and I just let the music take me away to where it wants to take me.”


15b) Barack Obama names Susan Rice as national security adviser

Updated 6 June 2013, 9:43 AEST

US president Barack Obama has named Susan Rice as his new national security advisor, defying Republican fury over her role in the Benghazi affair and calling her an “exemplary public servant”.

US president Barack Obama has named Susan Rice as his new national security advisor, defying Republican fury over her role in the Benghazi affair and calling her an “exemplary public servant”.

Ms Rice, 48, currently US ambassador to the United Nations, will take over from Tom Donilon in July.

Mr Obama nominated Irish-born genocide expert and Pulitzer prize-winning author Samantha Power, 42, as the next envoy to the world body.

The shake-up in his national security team marks a swift rebound for Ms Rice, who was forced to pull out of the running to be secretary of state, after being caught up in a row over the attack on the US mission in Benghazi.

Republicans accused her of misleading Americans over the true nature of the attack in Libya, which killed four Americans, after she said on television it was a spontaneous assault rather than a planned terrorist operation.

Mr Obama vigorously defended her at the time, and it was an open secret in Washington that he would select Ms Rice when Mr Donilon, who has been in the job for three years, decided to retire this year.

The president lauded Ms Rice as an “exemplary public servant” who is “passionate and pragmatic” and a champion for justice and human dignity.

“Put simply, Susan exemplifies the finest tradition of American diplomacy and leadership,” he said.

Mr Obama’s staff shuffle again puts two women in the trio of top foreign policy jobs, alongside secretary of state John Kerry, and confirms his penchant for promoting from within his tight political inner circle.

It also elevates two people who have wrestled with the question of when the United States should intervene in foreign conflicts to protect civilians, just as Mr Obama faces pressure to get more involved in the Syria crisis.

Ms Rice was part of the Clinton administration team that failed to respond to halt genocide in Rwanda in the 1990s.

Ms Power won the Pulitzer Prize for her book The Problem From Hell: America And The Age Of Genocide, which focuses on Rwanda and other mass killings, including in Cambodia and Bosnia.

Mr Donilon was at the centre of the decision to pull US troops out of Iraq, to withdraw combat troops from Afghanistan by the end of next year and the killing of Al Qaeda chief Osama bin Laden in Pakistan.

He is a key figure in China policy, masterminding Mr Obama’s diplomatic ‘pivot’ to Asia, and recently travelled to Beijing to prepare the visit of Chinese president Xi Jinping to California this week.

Obama’s judgment questioned

Ms Rice, who served as an assistant secretary of state for Africa in the Clinton administration, has long been one of Mr Obama’s closest foreign policy aides, dating back to his 2008 campaign.

She won plaudits in the White House for her work at the United Nations, lining up tough sanctions on Iran but also raising eyebrows with undiplomatic language.

Ms Rice, who reputedly has sharp elbows and can be blunt, told Mr Obama she was humbled by the opportunity and that the administration still had much work to do to keep America safe for the final three-and-a-half years of his presidency.

Ms Rice does not need Senate confirmation to serve as national security advisor, the president’s closest foreign policy aide, so any residual opposition from Republicans will not be a problem.

Some Republicans however still raised concerns.

“I really question the president’s judgment in promoting someone who was complicit to misleading the American public,” Senator Rand Paul told Fox News.

Another critic, John McCain, said on Twitter that he did not agree with the appointment of Ms Rice, but would work with her on important issues.

Ms Power formerly served Mr Obama as a special assistant focusing on multilateral affairs and human rights.

She will face a Senate confirmation that could be used by Republicans to hammer Mr Obama on Syria policy and to renew the row over Benghazi.

Ms Power was previously best known outside foreign policy and academic circles for calling Hillary Clinton a “monster” during the 2008 White House race, a comment which led to her resignation from Mr Obama’s campaign.


15c) Female farmers urged as solution to global hunger

Posted 5 June 2013, 7:53 AEST

International aid group CARE Australia says governments should look to female farmers working on small plots of land to end world hunger.

International aid group CARE Australia says governments should look to female farmers working on small plots of land to end world hunger.

World leaders are preparing for talks on eradicating hunger at the Hunger Summit1 in London this weekend.

CARE says while women account for 60 to 80 per cent of food production in developing countries, only five per cent of training and services ever reach women farmers.

CARE Australia CEO Julia Netwon-Howes has told Radio Australia’s Pacific Beat families and small-scale farmers are the key to tackling hunger.

“Families are being fed largely by women on small plots of land in the developing world,” she said.

“And this is the hot-spot for hunger as well – small scale farmers.

“So if we want to address hunger, it’s not just about the world producing more food – we know we’ve actually got enough food in the world – it’s about how it’s distributed.”

CARE says one person in eight goes hungry every night, and 2.3 million children die each year from malnutrition.

Dr Newton-Howes says while governments have taken action, the issues of small-scale farmers have been out of the spotlight.

“We still have half the world who are living in this way, so we must change our focus in agriculture now,” she said.

“We must change our focus on agriculture now – clearly large scale farms remain important, but this is where the next phase of assistance and governments must focus if we are to address hunger.”

Dr Newton-Howes says while small-scale farmers already produce a significant proportion of food, better farming techniques, diversification of crops and nutrition education can help to meet the hunger challenge.

“People really need to understand that their families benefit from having a broad range of vegetables and not simply eating the staple crop like sweet potato, or sago, or maize day after day,” she said.

“The ability to raise a range of different vegetables – this is how we’ll address hunger and malnutrition.”

For more information: Audio: CARE Australia CEO Dr Julia Newton-Howes


16) Davies slams media report

CIVIL Aviation Minister Davies Stevens has slammed the Post-Courier saying its report alleging conflict of interest between himself and a landowner claim against the State was wrong.
Local law firm Stevens Lawyers, which the Minister ran and operated before entering politics, has been acting for members of the Iarogaha clan of Korobosea in their claim against the State for K4 billion as the landowners of the Jacksons International Airport.
However, Mr Stevens yesterday said he had difficulty trying to work out where the conflict of interest was.
“The Post-Courier today (yesterday) reported me as having a conflict of interest in a matter in which I am perfectly clear in my conscience and have difficulty understanding how a possible conflict of interest could arise. My interest in the firm of Stevens Lawyers is well known. Like every citizen, I am entitled to undertake lawful business and was a legal practitioner before my election to parliament. I ceased to practice law since becoming an elected leader and have dissolved my interest in the firm and declared my interest as required by the Leadership Code,” he said in a statement.
“I have written a letter to the NAC management informing them that I do not want to be involved in any way with matters in which I have previously been involved as a legal practitioner, including the airport land case. My law firm has since ceased to act in the matter after I became minister and the reference to my involvement was to the extent that if a resolution of the matter was not possible then the firm ought to reconsider its engagement.”
Mr Stevens said he has also advised the Ombudsman Commission and added that the news article was “careless reporting” on the part of the newspaper.
“I have made it my business to report this matter to the Ombudsman Commission for their advice and guidance and they have acknowledged my action. This careless reporting which has caused untold suffering to me and my family and friends and the people I represent. I am saddened that the Post-Courier has allowed itself to be used to advance the agenda of some who are affected by the changes the government is making at NAC,” he added.


17) Australian medical team conduct plastic and reconstructive surgeries in Solomon Islands

By Online Editor
3:56 pm GMT+12, 05/06/2013, Solomon Islands

An Australian medical team will spend the next two weeks doing plastic and reconstructive surgery and training local staff at the National Referral Hospital in Honiara and Gizo hospital.

Funded by AusAID and arranged by Interplast Australia, New Zealand and the Rotary club, the team includes two plastic surgeons, anaesthetist and two nurses.

A consultation clinic will be held at the National Referral Hospital this Friday with plastic and reconstructive surgeries at the hospital from June 10 to 14.

The team will then be in Gizo conducting plastic and reconstructive surgery next week.

Australian High Commissioner to Solomon Islands Matt Anderson said Interplast medical teams have been visiting the Solomon Islands since 1984 providing free surgery and treatment to Solomon Islanders.

He says this is the thirty-third Interplast visit to Solomon Islands adding, to date 1,092 life-changing operations have been conducted.

Anderson says the team gives Solomon Islanders the chance for specialist medical treatment not available in Solomon Islands and increase the skills and knowledge of local doctors and nurses.

Meanwhile, patients with conditions including cleft lip and palate, scarring from burns, hand injuries and tumours are urged to contact the surgical unit at the National Referral Hospital and Gizo Hospital for an appointment.


18) Asia-Pacific Judges Discuss More HIV/AIDS Support
UNDP representative says judiciary can help reduce stigmas

MELBOURNE, Australia (Radio Australia, June 4, 2013) – Thirty judges from sixteen Asia Pacific nations have met in Thailand to discuss how they can create a more supportive environment for people with HIV-AIDS.

The senior judges heard how progressive legal decisions can have a significant impact on the human rights of people with HIV-AIDS at the forum in Bangkok.

Dr. Mandeep Dhaliwal, director of UNDP’s HIV, Health & Development Practice, has told Radio Australia’s Asia Pacific although judges work in different social and cultural contexts, they all have the same responsibility to protect human rights.

“I think they can certainly play a role in reducing stigma both within the court room, the legal community, but also in the community at large,” she said.

“Judges are leaders in the community… the community looks to them to be unbiased, to rely on evidence and to protect human rights.”

Ms. Dhaliwal says international forums play a “very powerful” role, giving judges from different legal contexts the chance share experiences and best practice.

“Listening to how judges have applied human rights principles and looked at evidence in other jurisdictions can help to inspire action,” she said.

Ms. Dhaliwal said examples shared included the Indian Supreme Court’s decision to invalidate a law criminalizing homosexuality and the potential impact such a decision could have on a country’s population.

During the conference UNAIDS also launched the first-ever judicial handbook on HIV, human rights and the law.

“It’s a good compilation of the issues that are likely to come before the court in a range of settings… to provide the judges with some guidance as they interpret the law,” Ms Dhaliwal said.

Radio Australia:

19) Dengue Fever May Become Endemic In Solomons: Doctor
While new cases decline, over 5,500 cases still suspected

WELLINGTON, New Zealand (Radio New Zealand International, June 4, 2013) – The head of the taskforce set up to handle Solomon Islands’ first major outbreak of dengue fever says the disease may now be endemic to the country.

The mosquito-borne disease has killed six people and is known to have infected one thousand two hundred people since it broke out five months ago.

Dr. Tenneth Dalipanda says the number of new cases has started to drop but the total number of suspected cases stands at more than five and a half thousand.

He says 86 percent of those infected are from the capital, Honiara.

“We are not saying it’s over but what we are also aware of and conscious of is dengue might be here as a long term – become endemic to Solomon. The main thing is the city is kept clean.”

Dr. Tenneth Dalipanda says public agencies are working hard to clear up rubbish sites, which are where mosquitoes like to breed.

Radio New Zealand International:


20) Two PNG women win NZ prizes

TWO Papua New Guinean postgraduate students were each awarded a one-off cash prize of $NZ1500 (K2626) for being the highest New Zealand Pacific Scholarship academic performers in the 2012 academic year.
Barbara Angoro, from the Oro Province, pursuing a Masters in Health Science (Pharmacy) at the University of Auckland, and Becca Moroka from the Eastern Highlands Province who is doing a Masters in Agricultural Science at the Lincoln University, were the two women who proved that anything is possible if you put your mind to it and work hard.
Both Women were thankful to God for giving them the strength to achieve something great in their lives and expressed how indebted they were to their great husbands and family members who have supported them in every way possible to make their dreams come true.
The two also to encouraged other women like themselves, saying, “Believe in yourself and be the best you can be. Know that you can never live twice. Do not let gender, colour or creed hold you back. The only person holding you back from being the best is yourself. Think big and long; and with the right attitude, only the sky is the limit.”
The New Zealand High Commissioner to PNG, Ms Marion Crawshaw, while congratulating Barbara and Becca, stated that the New Zealand Pacific Scholarship Program is one of the biggest aid contributions that New Zealand provides annually to students throughout the Pacific.
As a developed country, New Zealand has a competitive advantage in certain fields and it is the country’s intention to share these advantages and leadership with her close neighbours through education.
“Hence your achievement was also an achievement for PNG. You have done well,” she said.
New Zealand’s Papua New Guinea scholarship intake for each year is 54 and includes both undergraduates and post-graduates programs.
Competition for the 54 spaces is stiff each year with scholarship offers made only to those with exceptional academic records as well as those that are able to meet the other requirements.


21) Oil firm gets a permit

By Online Editor
3:49 pm GMT+12, 05/06/2013, Papua New Guinea

Papua New Guinea’s Department of Environment and Conservation has finally approved and granted an Environmental Permit to Horizon Oil Limited to develop the Stanley Gas Project in the Western Province.

The permit was signed Tuesday by the Minister for Environment and Conservation John Pundari, witnessed by Horizon Oil representatives at the DEC office in Port Moresby.

Pundari said he had given approval after receiving the recommendation from the environment council in accordance with section 58 of the Environmental Act 2000.

“One of the Permit Conditions for the Horizon Oil (Papua) Limited is to develop and implement a Biodiversity Offset Program (BOP) consistent with applicable regulations, which includes a biodiversity offset plan,’’ he said.

“The BOP is a new initiative being developed by the department and will be applied as a permit condition to all new permit holders whose development activities may result in biodiversity loss to our natural resource.’’

The aim of the BOP is to ensure resource developers contribute to protect biodiversity to offset project impacts to biodiversity.

Biodiversity Offset Program is the only way forward for conservation of our biodiversity and contributes back to the environment which will also have significant role in combating climate change.

Papua New Guinea is a unique country in the world with the world’s third richest biodiversity in a global land mass of less than one percent.

The chief company representative Kelvin Bramley said the company was pleased to have received Ministerial Approval in Principle for the Stanley Gas Project which represents an important milestone in the regulatory approval process.

“We have offered our support to the Minister for this important Bio-Diversity Offset Policy initiative and we look forward to working closely with the Department and other relevant industry groups.

“And to establish a suitable framework in which to implement this policy for our collective interest,” he said.

Bramley said approval of the Stanley project development licence application was formally lodged in August 2012, will allow Horizon Oil and its co-venturers to commence construction and development drilling on the Stanley field.

“This will provide opportunities for the people and landowner service companies in Western Province,” he added.
Condensate derived from the Stanley gas field operations is expected to be sold to the Napa Napa refinery, with the high diesel yielding condensate enhancing PNG’s energy independence.

Natural gas produced from the Stanley gas field will be made available to third parties, including Ok Tedi Mining Limited, to generate power for regional mining operations.


22) New Caledonia government plans nickel tax

Posted at 01:48 on 05 June, 2013 UTC

The government in New Caledonia is planning a tax on nickel ore.

The president Harold Martin says the levy would be a strong fiscal measure, but two major operators in the country may be exempt.

The proposal provides for taxes of between 2.5 and 5.5 percent on the export value of the resource, depending on its grade and whether the ore is refined before export.

The tax could come into force at the beginning of next year and the revenue would be put aside for future generations, towards economic diversification, savings or in case of crisis.

Mr Martin says the country’s two major nickel operators Swiss-listed Xstrata and the Brazilian operation in the south, Vale, are subject to agreements on fiscal stability but expert advice is being sought on the proposal.

The draft law next goes to a vote in New Caledonia’s Congress.

New Caledonia has a quarter of the world’s nickel reserves and it is expected to become a major global supplier of the metal in coming years.
Radio New Zealand International

23) Shark Ecotourism May Generate $780 Million In 20 Years
Pacific countries already using ecotourism to bring in money

MELBOURNE, Australia (Radio Australia, June 4, 2013) – Shark eco-tourism will soon generate more money than shark fisheries, according to a study by the University of British Columbia in Canada.

Shark ecotourism currently generates more than US$314 million annually worldwide and is expected to more than double to US$780 million in the next 20 years, the study found.

In comparison, the landed value of global shark fisheries is currently US$630 million and has been in decline for the past decade.

“I think the most important thing for us is that people realize that there are alternative economic uses for natural resources,” lead author, Andres Cisneros-Montemayor, from UBC said.

An estimated 38 million sharks were killed in 2009 to meet the demand in Asia for shark fin, the study found.

But shark watching and diving with sharks is a major earner in areas such the Pacific, with Cook Islands, Marshall Islands, French Polynesia, New Caledonia, Palau and Tokelau creating shark sanctuaries.

“Something that is being done all over the world… has been putting in shark protection areas. These are large expanses of marine protected areas where shark fishing is either banned or very strictly controlled,” Mr. Cisneros-Montemayor said.

“We’ve seen little by little more and more governments trying to do it, and one major reason for that is the emergence of shark eco-tourism. So when governments notice that their citizens are making a lot of money from tourism activity centered around sharks, they are much more willing to protect them.”

Radio Australia:

24) Fiji to host ACP Ministerial Conference on Sugar

By Online Editor
6:01 pm GMT+12, 04/06/2013, Belgium

By Pita Ligaiula in Brussels

Fiji will host the 13th ACP Ministerial Conference on Sugar this year as a result of the withdrawal by Zambia of their offer due to circumstances beyond their control.

This was revealed by the Chairman of the ACP Subcommittee on Sugar, Ambassador Patrick Gomes of Guyana at the 5th Meeting of the ACP Ministerial Committee on Sugar held Monday in Brussels.

Ambassador Gomes said Sudan was also approached as they had expressed an interest at the recent Malabo meeting in Equatorial Guinea. However, Sudan was not ready to host the conference this year.

He said Fiji’s offer was welcomed by the ACP Subcommittee on Sugar.

Ambassador Gomes told the meeting the date of the Conference in Fiji will be from 14 – 18 October 2013.

The proposed theme for the conference is “The Evolving Policy Environment for the ACP Cane Industry”.

Gomes has urged ACP Ministers to participate in the conference which is being convened at a very critical time and is expected to address key issues as ACP strive to place “our respective industries on a stronger footing to face the uncertain future.”

Fiji’s Ambassador to Brussels, Peceli Vocea told the meeting that Fiji stands ready to host the conference.

“Mr Chairman I just wish to say that the Fiji Government is looking forward to host the upcoming ACP Ministerial Sugar Meeting in October. It will do its part to ensure the meeting is an effective and a productive one,” Ambassador Vocea told ACP Ministers

Ambassador Gomes said he fully support Fiji’s hosting the Sugar Conference.

“We really need to see that with support that we have from the ACP Secretariat and the commercial representatives could also fund the participation of our technical people for a very successful conference in Fiji in October,” Ambassador Gomes told PACNEWS in Brussels.


25) Former NZ minister in PNG to talk enterprise reform

Posted at 23:11 on 04 June, 2013 UTC

A former New Zealand government minister, Richard Prebble, is in Papua New Guinea for talks with the Independent Public Business Corporation about state enterprise reforms.

Mr Prebble arrived in Port Moresby at the invitation of the public enterprises minister Ben Micah and the IPBC’s managing director and board chairman.

Our correspondent says in a brief meeting, Mr Prebble has told Mr Micah that State Enterprises reform is politically challenging and some people will not be happy with it.

Mr Micah says PNG is interested in learning about New Zealand’s experiences and how it involved the indigenous Maori people in the reform process.

He says he wants New Zealand’s help to formulate policy for landowner and citizen ownership and participation

Radio New Zealand International


26) Police on Papua New Guinea’s island of Bougainville have taken 16 Chinese nationals into custody

By Online Editor
3:21 pm GMT+12, 05/06/2013, Papua New Guinea

Police on Papua New Guinea’s island of Bougainville have taken 16 Chinese nationals into custody near the site of the Rio Tinto owned Panguna copper mine.

The men, believed to be working with a small North American company operating in the Panguna tailings and selling scrap metal, are being investigated for work permit violations.

Bougainville Police chief inspector, Herman Birengka, led the party of police who made the arrests.

He says the group has been taken into custody for further questioning about their visas and work permits.

“This is normal police duty to interview them, to know why they are in Bougainville and who invited them,” he said.

He says Panguna is a sensitive area and his role is to ensure foreign nationals comply with all the necessary processes.

The chief inspector says it should take 24 hours to complete the work permit and visa checks.


27) UN human rights office regrets Papua New Guinea’s decision to resume death penalty

By Online Editor
4:05 pm GMT+12, 05/06/2013, Switzerland

The United Nations human rights office today said that Papua New Guinea had taken “a step backwards” with legislative action towards resuming the use of the death penalty.

The country has maintained a long-standing de facto moratorium since 1954 which was subsequently passed into law in 1970. However, amendments to the Criminal Code passed by Parliament earlier this week provide for five methods of execution and extend the application of the death penalty to three additional crimes: sorcery-related killings, aggravated rape and robbery with violence.

“Given the global trend toward abolition of the death penalty, the latest move by the Government marks a significant step backwards,” Rupert Colville, spokesperson for the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), told reporters in Geneva.

“We strongly urge the Government not to proceed with any executions under the new law without first undertaking inclusive and meaningful consultations on the whole issue of the death penalty,” he stated.

“We also categorically reject calls by some political leaders in Papua New Guinea for the introduction of other cruel and inhuman punishments such as castration or amputation.”

Colville said the use of capital punishment has never been proved to be a more effective deterrent than other forms of punishment.

“While recognizing the Government’s commitment to achieving a safer and more secure society, we urge it to consider other alternatives in line with international human rights standards,” he stated, adding that such efforts must address the root causes of the “rampant” violence and corruption reported in the country, including through the creation of awareness.

The UN General Assembly has adopted four resolutions calling on States to establish a moratorium on the use of the death penalty with a view to abolition. Today about 150 of the UN’s 193 Member States have either abolished the death penalty or no longer practice it.

“We strongly urge the Government of Papua New Guinea once more to maintain its moratorium and subsequently join the growing number of Member States that have abolished the practice altogether, including 11 States in the Pacific,” stated Colville


28) Fears sorcery-killings may be spreading from PNG

Updated 5 June 2013, 8:47 AEST

Canberra correspondent Karen Barlow

Melanesian experts say sorcery-related attacks and killings are on the rise and spreading from Papua New Guinea into the rest of the Pacific.

A major conference tackling sorcery related killing is taking place in the Australian capital Canberra.

Experts say the number of killings is on the rise in Papua New Guinea, which has now repealed its sorcery laws that allowed sorcery as a defence to murder.

Lawrence Foana’ota from the Solomon Islands National Museum, says witchcraft and sorcery have been practiced in his country for years, but it is changing due to regional influences.

“There are other trends that are coming through other Melanesian countries, like Papua New Guinea, that are now happening in the Solomons – like pick-pocketing,” he said.

“[That] is something that they also learn form the neighbours, and I believe that might be the trend also in the sorcery practices.”

Mr Foana’ota says the fear and instability caused by sorcery beliefs is holding back regional development.

The sorcery conference will hear that community breakdowns, personal grudges and Western culture are to blame for a resurgence in sorcery related killings in Papua New Guinea.

Reverend Jack Urame from the Melanesian Institute says Christian leaders can also do more.

“There is an alarming comeback of the belief, and I believe there are several factors why the belief is coming back again,” he said.

“Because there is a generation gap, the Christian values is not being passed on the next generation and so I think people are resorting back to the traditional belief as an answer to explain sickness and death.”

Papua New Guinea has defied international criticism to re-introduce the death penalty to tackle violent crimes including sorcery.

The United Nations and the European Union have criticised the move.

The United Nations says the re-introduction of capital punishment is major setback for Papua’s New Guinea’s standing in the international community.

European Union spokesman Michael Mann says the European Union wants PNG to reconsider executions.

“If you have killed someone, it is pretty irreversible,” he said.

“So we are very much against it and we realise there must be other ways to punish people for these crimes that do not involve the death penalty.”

A spokesman for Australia Foreign Minister Bob Carr says Australia is opposed to the death penalty in all circumstances.

He says Prime Minister Julia Gillard raised the law change during the her visit to PNG last month.

For more information: Audio: EU joins condemnation of PNG death penalty

29) Tonga court to clarify payout to nobles

Posted at 01:47 on 05 June, 2013 UTC

A Tonga parliamentarian is seeking a judicial review of payouts to three nobles amounting to more than 1.7 million US dollars.

Matangi Tonga reports that People’s Representative, Sione Taione, is asking the Supreme Court to make a ruling on the legality of lease payments authorised by the government to three royal estate holders for land around the international airport at Fu’amotu.

He says the money was paid to Lord Kalaniuvalu, Prince Tu’ipelehake and Prince Tungi.

Mr Taione’s efforts to have parliament debate whether the payments were legal were unsuccessful.

Radio New Zealand International

30) Top Vanuatu officials suspended to allow consultancy probe

Posted at 01:48 on 05 June, 2013 UTC

Vanuatu’s Prime Minister Moana Carcasses has suspended the director general of Internal Affairs, George Bogiri, and the principal immigration officer, Francois Batick, for setting up a company to facilitate travel documents for Chinese.

Mr Bogiri says he is under suspension to allow the Public Service Commission to investigate allegations he set up the Pacific Migration Consultancy Company and appointed his daughter to run it.

But he has used the suspension to claim the government has a hidden plan to get rid of public servants from his Penama Province.

He says Penama’s political leaders need to stand up and stop their professionals from being sacked from the public sector.

Radio New Zealand International

31a) Immigration adviser loses licence after exploiting Pacific woman

Posted at 23:11 on 04 June, 2013 UTC

A licensed immigration adviser working in New Zealand has had his licence cancelled, after it was found he exploited a vulnerable woman in the Pacific community.

Hakaoro Hakaoro was asked for help by the woman who was in New Zealand unlawfully in August 2011.

She had exhausted every avenue before being apprehended by Immigration New Zealand and told to leave the country voluntarily.

Mr Hakaoro advised her to apply for a visa using Immigration New Zealand’s discretionary powers and charged her $3,000 NZ dollars but did not lodge her application.

The Immigration Advisers Complaints and Disciplinary Tribunal found Mr Hakaoro knew he could do nothing to assist the woman but took her money intending to keep it once she was deported.

The Tribunal cancelled his licence and ordered him to pay a penalty of $8,000, refund fees of $3,000 and prevented from holding a licence for two years.

Radio New Zealand International

31b) Solomons To Tighten Security At Sea Border With PNG
State plans housing for border control officers in Choiseul

HONIARA, Solomon Islands (Solomon Star, June 5, 2013) – The Solomon Islands Government is increasing its presence at the Solomons-Papua New Guinea maritime border soon with the building of housing for border control officers at Taro, Choiseul Province.

The Housing project for the border post at Taro has been built with the backing of donor agencies.

The houses will be used by agencies that will monitor the PNG-Solomon Islands border.

The staff houses have been funded by AusAID in partnership with the Solomon Islands Government.

The ten houses are near completion and are being built within the premises of the Taro Police Station.

The government has wasted no time in injecting much needed funds and establishing its border post at the far-flung Choiseul Province.

The Choiseul Province lies between the island of Bougainville and Santa Isabel in the west of the Solomon Islands.

Taro, the main town for Choiseul Province with a population of more than 10,000 people, is known as Solomon Islands’ ‘last frontier.’

The province is the closest to Bougainville and shares the same border with PNG.

Solomon Star


32) Solomons’ Santa Cruz Islands Hit By Earthquake
6.1 magnitude quake reportedly ‘unlikely’ to cause tsunami

MELBOURNE, Australia (Radio Australia, June 5, 2013) – A magnitude 6.1 earthquake has struck off Solomon Islands.

The U.S. Geological Survey measured the depth of the quake at 64 kilometers and says no immediate tsunami warning has been issued.

The tremor hit in the Santa Cruz Islands, approximately 89 kilometers south of the town of Lata, where 10 people were killed in February by an 8.0-magnitude earthquake and ensuing tsunami.

Geoscience Australia made a preliminary measurement of the quake at magnitude 6.6, with a depth of 60 kilometers.

Duty seismologist at GA, Spiro Spiliopoulos, says a tsunami is unlikely.

“That magnitude may change over time as we get more data,” he said. “Because of its depth and its somewhat smaller size (to the February quake) I would say it’s unlikely to create a tsunami.”

The February tsunami destroyed hundreds of homes and left thousands homeless.

Another earthquake and tsunami in 2007 left at least 52 people in the Solomons dead and displaced thousands more.

The Solomons are located in the Pacific “Ring of Fire” and frequently experience earthquakes and volcanic eruptions.

Radio Australia:

33a) Fiji Mangroves Reportedly Threatened By Development
Trees provide defense against bad weather: conservation expert

By Nanise Loanakadavu

SUVA, Fiji (Fiji Times, June 5, 2013) – Mangroves are commonly known as the rainforest by the sea.

Despite their many values, mangroves throughout Fiji are being degraded or destroyed.

They are over-harvested for firewood, suffer the encroaching reclamation works to make way for developments, housing and used as rubbish dumps.

The increasing urban populations have put our mangroves under further pressure as new settlements spring up in what is often regarded as no man’s land in the swamps.

In Fiji, mangrove habitats are acknowledged to be especially important to the traditional lifestyles of its people.

Apart from physically protecting the coastlines, they are valuable sources of many different types of food, including fish, crabs, prawns, shellfish, not to forget seeds that are also consumed in many parts of the country.

The regional project manager for the International Union for Conservation of Nature, Dr. Milika Sorby, said the physical presence of mangroves along the coastlines and rivers also provided the first line of defense against cyclones, high winds and storm surges.

She said development was good as long as it was properly managed.

“While developments are taking place for tourist-related projects, the sustainability of mangroves should be kept in mind,” Dr. Sorby said.

“Tourist-related projects are in demand. Developments such as Denarau in Nadi, resorts and industrial developments provided employment and promoted economic growth, these have been successful.”

However, she said a cost benefit analysis and proper environment assessment should be done before mangrove conversions.

While mangrove conversions were conducted in certain areas, she said some should be left alone.

Environment director Jope Davetanivalu said the draft revised mangroves management plan should be circulated for comments by mid of this year.

And the Department of Environment is hoping to get this finalized in the next three months.

He said the mangrove plans were done in 1985-1986 and the scenario had changed since then.

“We know more about the importance of mangroves, the development pressure have increased, the community awareness have improved and the data sets have changed,” Mr. Davetanivalu said.

“We are now looking at mangroves in terms of livelihood, climate change adaptation, biodiversity and economic benefits.”

He said the Department of Environment, through the Mangrove Ecosystems for Climate Change Adaptation and Livelihood (MESCAL) Fiji Project, had revised the National Mangroves Management Plan and the committee was working with stakeholders to strengthen mangrove management in Fiji.

He said the MESCAL project team, with stakeholders, had completed a biodiversity survey of the Rewa River mangroves and was now looking at making some economic valuation for mangrove biodiversity.

He said there was a team doing below ground carbon assessment of mangroves at present.

“All this will feed in to our baseline knowledge on mangroves and its importance at different sectors.”

Fiji Times Online:

33b) World Bank predicts millions of dollar losses to natural disasters

By Online Editor
3:25 pm GMT+12, 05/06/2013, Solomon Islands

A new World Bank Report reveals that Solomon Islands may incur average losses of up to US$20.5 million per year due to earthquakes and tropical cyclones.

The report, “Strong, Safe and Resilient – A Strategic Policy Guide for Disaster Risk Management in East Asia and the Pacific” predicts that Solomon Islands has a 50 per cent chance of experiencing a loss exceeding US$240 million and casualties larger than 1,650 in the next 50 years.

In addition, a 10 percent chance of experiencing a loss exceeding US$527 million US and casualties larger than 4,600 people is also expected.

The report says a recent example is the 2007 magnitude 8.1 earthquake, which struck the islands of the Western and Choiseul Provinces.

The earthquake generated a tsunami that killed 52 people and caused widespread damage to housing, infrastructure, schools, and medical facilities, resulting in about US$100 million in losses.

It adds five Pacific countries, Marshall Islands, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, and Vanuatu are participating in a catastrophe risk insurance pilot for 2012 and 2013 to test the viability of sovereign parametric catastrophe insurance in the region.

The report was recently launched at the World Bank office in Honiara.


33c) Report finds two Fijian bird species critically endangered

Posted at 01:47 on 05 June, 2013 UTC

A recently released report into the state of Fiji’s birdlife has found that two species could go extinct within the next few years.

The author of the ’state of the birds’ report, Dick Watling, says the Fiji Peterel and the Red-Throated Lorikeet were found to be critically endangered with their population believed to only be in the dozens.

Mr Watling says an NGO, Nature Fiji, has two detector dogs trying to find the birds’ nesting sites, but he says conservation is difficult without any proper funding.

“Any work that is done on our rare and endangered birds is done by NGOs. And that is the big problem and we hope this report will bring that issue out into the open more that we really need to try to find some money for looking after some of these species because otherwise they’re going to go.”

Dick Watling says the species can be saved through a scientific breeding programme, but that depends on funding coming through.

Radio New Zealand International


34a) State of Origin I: Maroons v Blues, the cross-border rivalry is set to explode once again

By Online Editor
4:25 pm GMT+12, 05/06/2013, Australia

The 34th year of the interstate rugby league war known as State of Origin gets underway at Sydney’s Olympic Stadium tonight.

It’s a familiar scenario. The New South Wales Blues are desperate to break the stranglehold on the series held by the Queensland Maroons who have stretched their reign to seven successive years.

The build-up to Origin appears to become more intense every year despite the players assuring their fans they are completely relaxed.

Don’t you believe it. Underneath the public front the nerves are tremendous, for the players are preparing for the biggest game of the year so far.

The line-ups

While Queensland, winners of the last seven series, move from year to year making minimal changes to their squad, the Blues have again tinkered with their side to find the key to ending the Maroons’ success.

New Blues coach Laurie Daley has retained 11 players from the squad of 17 that narrowly lost last year’s decider to the Maroons at Lang Park. The Maroons have 14 of the 17 from the winning side of that match.

Crucially NSW selectors have opted for a new halves partnership with five-eighth Todd Carney omitted in favour of introducing James Maloney to team with his Roosters team-mate and half-back Mitchell Pearce.

Other debutants include Canberra winger Blake Ferguson and interchange forward Andrew Fifita from Cronulla. Both would not have been given a chance of playing Origin at the start of the year but their form in 2013 has been impressive and could not be ignored.

Canterbury’s Josh Reynolds will also make his Origin debut for the Blues off the bench but his game time may be limited.

Both sides expected to take a gamble on players who have carried injuries into their respective Origin camps.

Blues captain Paul Gallen has missed the past three games for his Cronulla club due to a knee injury, but has trained freely with the squad since Thursday and is a certain starter.

Likewise Gallen’s Sharks team-mate Luke Lewis will play despite missing the past two club games with a shoulder injury.

In-doubt Queensland pair Johnathan Thurston (virus) and Darius Boyd (ankle) took part in the Maroons’ final training session on Tuesday night and are expected to play.

It has been a remarkable turnaround for Knights full-back Boyd who was initially suspected of breaking his ankle when carried from the field in the match against the Warriors on May 26.

Queensland has a significant advantage over NSW in experience. The Maroons squad, with an average age of 29, comprises a total of 225 Origin caps compared to the 105 caps of the Blues.

34b)Force named to face British & Irish Lions

By Online Editor
4:16 pm GMT+12, 05/06/2013, Australia

The Emirates Western Force has included six Test players for their historic tour match against the British & Irish Lions at Patersons Stadium on Wednesday night 6pm AWST (8pm AEST)

Matt Hodgson (six Tests) will captain the side in a starting line-up that also features Wallaby front-rower Salesi Ma’afu (13 Tests), No.8 Richard Brown (23 Tests), scrumhalf Brett Sheehan (6 Tests) and pivot Sam Norton-Knight (two Tests). Ex-All Black Alby Mathewson (four Tests) will start from the bench and provide coverage at scrumhalf.

The players represent six of the most experienced players within the Emirates Western Force squad, with a combined total of 510 Super Rugby caps between them.

The Emirates Western Force will back up four days later for their Week 17 Super Rugby fixture against the NSW Waratahs at nib Stadium.

Head Coach Michael Foley says the tight schedule is a unique challenge but provides an exciting opportunity for his players.

“The British & Irish Lions tour represents a special occasion for the players involved and everyone was keen to put their hands up for selection,” he said.

“From the outset we recognised the need to approach this week as an entire squad. To that end, every available member of our squad,
a number from our wider training group, and club players from Perth and elsewhere will get opportunities against the Lions and Waratahs.

“We’ve included some of our most experienced players to provide leadership against a Lions squad we have a great deal of respect for.

“The effort in training over the past week has shown how much Wednesday’s match means to this squad and they’ll be determined against many of the best international players from the Northern Hemisphere.”

Joining Ma’afu in the front row is former Australian Under 20 prop Salesi Manu and James Hilterbrand, who has been part of the Force’s match day 22 for their past six Super Rugby matches.

Super Rugby veteran Toby Lynn and Phoenix Battye will pack down at lock, while Angus Cottrell, who has started seven matches at blindside flanker for the Force this season, has been named with Hodgson and Brown in the back row.

Winger Dane Haylett-Petty, who played nine Super Rugby matches for the Emirates Western Force between 2008 and 2010, will return to join the Western Australian side, having represented French club, Biarritz, since 2010. He will be joined in the back three by Sam Christie, who started at flyhalf in the Force’s opening two matches of the 2013 Super Rugby season, and winger Corey Brown, who was a member of the Force’s Wider Training Group and leading try-scorer in the 2012 Shute Shield competition.

Emirates Western Force squad members Chris Tuatara-Morrison and ex-Australian Sevens representative Ed Stubbs will make up the Western Australian midfield.

The Force has included Cottesloe utility and 2012 PG Hampshire winner Nick Haining on the bench, while former IRB Junior World Championship front-rowers Hugh Roach (Australia), Tim Metcher (Australia) and Sione Kolo (Fiji) will receive their first opportunities with the Western Australian side.

Wider Training Group member and Northern Suburbs lock Ben Matwijow, Force back-rower Lachlan McCaffrey and winger Junior Rasolea have also been selected on the reserves list.

The last time a Western Australian side faced the British & Irish Lions was during the 2001 visit, with the tourists claiming a comprehensive 116-10 win at the WACA.

Some tickets are still available for this opening match of the DHL Australia 2013 Lions Tour – Lions vs Western Force. To get your tickets CLICK HERE

If you can’t get to the game make sure you watch it LIVE on Fox Sports 2 at 6PM AWST/ 8PM AEST/ 7.30PM ACST, and if you’re worrying about missing the State of Origin you can watch a replay on Fox Sports 1 at 8.30PM AWST/ 10.30PM AEST/ 10.00PM ACST so you’ll be bale to watch the LIONS LIVE and still catch both games.

2013 British & Irish Lions Tour – Tour Match
Emirates Western Force v British & Irish Lions
Patersons Stadium, Perth
Wednesday, 5 June 2013
Kick-off: 6pm AWST/ 7.30PM ACST/ 8PM AEST

1. Salesi Manu (8 SR)
2. James Hilterbrand (1 SR)
3. Salesi Ma’afu (72 SR, 13 Tests)
4. Toby Lynn (61 SR)
5. Phoenix Battye (11 SR)
6. Angus Cottrell (15 SR)
7. Matt Hodgson (c) (95 SR, 6 Tests)
8.  Richard Brown (88 SR, 23 Tests)
9. Brett Sheehan (92 SR, 6 Tests)
10. Sam Norton-Knight (66 SR, 2 Tests)
11. Corey Brown (Uncapped)
12. Chris Tuatara-Morrison (Uncapped)
13. Ed Stubbs (6 SR)
14. Dane Haylett-Petty (9 SR)
15. Sam Christie (4 SR)

16. Hugh Roach (Uncapped)
17. Sione Kolo (Uncapped)
18. Tim Metcher (Uncapped)
19. Ben Matwijow (Uncapped)
20. Lachlan McCaffrey (8 SR)
21. Alby Mathewson (97 SR, 4 Tests)
22. Nick Haining (Uncapped)
23. Junior Rasolea (10 SR)

SR = Super Rugby caps
Tests = international caps



By Online Editor
4:12 pm GMT+12, 05/06/2013, United Kingdom

A Fijian international striker looks to have had his hopes of a move to Derby County scuppered.

Roy Krishna has been invited for a pre-season trial with the Rams.

However, it appears the 25-year-old would not being able to join Derby due to New Zealand immigration laws.
Krishna currently plays in New Zealand for Waitakere United and has just been granted residency there.

As a result, he must spend at least 184 days in the country in the next two years in order to be granted permanent residence, which he could not do if he signed for Derby.

Krishna joined Waitakere in January 2008 from Labasa FC in his native Fiji.

Since then, he has been a prolific scorer for the ASB Premiership side and won the golden boot in 2012-13 with 12 goals.

He also bagged six goals in eight matches in Oceania’s Champions League.

In 2009, he was linked with a move to Dutch club PSV Eindhoven.

Krishna was recommended to Derby by former Burton Albion goalkeeper Dan Robinson, who currently plays for Waitakere.

Defender Luke Adams joined the Rams from the same club last year but has now been released.


34d) PNG to host 2013 Oceania Rugby Cup

Posted at 23:11 on 04 June, 2013 UTC

The defending champions Papua New Guinea will host the 2013 Oceania Cup rugby tournament in Port Moresby next month.

The biennial competition will this year double as a Rugby World Cup regional qualifying event, with the winner to play Fiji for the Oceania 1 position at the 2015 tournament.

The winner will be a determined from a round-robin format, with the Cook Islands, Tahiti, and Solomon Islands also vying for title.

Radio New Zealand International

34e) Fiji and Samoa make winning start at Pacific Netball Series

Posted at 23:11 on 04 June, 2013 UTC

Fiji have begun the defence of their Pacific Netball Series title with a hard-fought 59-45 victory over Papua New Guinea in Apia Tuesday.

The Pearls have won the past three Pacific tournaments but were made to work hard by the rebuilding Pepes, who need a strong tournament to keep alive their hopes of qualifying for next year’s Commonwealth Games.

Meanwhile host nation Samoa held off a final quarter rally from the Cook Islands to win the evening game 48-46, having been up by six goals with just over five minutes to play.

The tournament continues today with Samoa taking on PNG before Fiji face the Cook Islands.

Radio New Zealand International

34f) Fiji U20s determined to compete at Junior World Rugby Champs

Posted at 23:11 on 04 June, 2013 UTC

The Fiji Under 20 rugby team begin their Junior World Championship campaign with a daunting first up clash against New Zealand on Thursday.

The Pacific side has five players returning from last year’s team and, despite being in the so-called ’pool of death’, head coach Bill Gadolo says they’re not there just to make up the numbers.

“We want to improve our ranking and we want to be there as a team that competes, and not just a team that participates. That’s the challenge that the boys are aware of and have been reminded of for the last couple of weeks, that it is important that we go there and compete in every aspect of the game.”

Fiji will also face Ireland and Australia in pool play, while Samoa begin their tournament against Wales.

Radio New Zealand International

34g) New Oceania athletics records set in Papeete

Posted at 23:11 on 04 June, 2013 UTC

Six new Championship Records have been set on day one of the Oceania Area Athletics Champs in Papeete.

Among them, Elimie Falelavaki from Wallis and Futuna set a new benchmark of 46.50 metres in the girls under 18 javelin, beating the previous mark by more than five metres.

Fiji’s Banuve Tabakaucoro ran a new best of 21.08 in the men’s 200 metres, while Elodie Mevel from French Polynesia shaved more than 90 seconds off the Championship record in the women’s 10 thousand metres.

New Zealanders Luca Denee and Josh Maisey also set new records in the boys under 18 pole vault and men’s 10 thousand metres, while Australia’s Luisa Sekona set a new mark in the girls under 18 shot put.

The Oceania Area Champs run for three days, concluding on Wednesday local time.

Radio New Zealand International

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.