Smol Melanesian Na Pasifik Nius Digest # 866

MELANESIA:

1) PNG to review MOU with Chinese satellite operators

Posted at 06:18 on 10 June, 2013 UTC

Papua New Guinea’s Prime Minister Peter O’Neill has ordered a review of a 284 million US dollar deal with China’s ZTE Corporation and China Great Wall Industry Corporation for a communications satellite.

The Chinese entities are expected to design, produce and launch by 2016 a satellite, which PNG is to lease a sector of, in a deal that would provide TV broadcasting, internet and data services across the south western Pacific for 15 years.

However, Mr O’Neill has written to Public Enterprises Minister Ben Micah asking him to review the memorandum of understanding he struck on PNG’s behalf with ZTE and China Great Wall.

The newspaper, The Australian, reports that this follows concerns raised in the US Congress and a corruption case in Singapore.

ZTE managing director Peter Poon has denied that ZTE is involved in such activities.

Radio New Zealand International

2) Indonesia Hoping To Finish Freeport Investigation Soon
Tunnel collapse killed 28 workers in May

WELLINGTON, New Zealand (Radio New Zealand International, June 09, 2013) – The head of the government-led investigation into the tunnel collapse that killed 28 workers at the Freeport McMoRan mine in Indonesia’s Papua province says it should not take three months to complete.

The tunnel reopened operations on May 28, two weeks after the collapse in its training facility, but the death of a truck driver days later prompted the government to ask the company to halt operations until the investigation was completed.

Ridho Wattimena told Reuters he thinks the investigation will not take much longer.

Workers have alleged the collapse was a result of human error and that there were many complaints about the safety of the classrooms where the disaster happened.

Freeport insists its facilities are safe.

The company estimates it contributed around $1 billion US dollars to the Indonesian economy last year in taxes, royalties and dividends to the government, and the chief economics minister has called for a speedy end to the investigation.

Radio New Zealand International: www.rnzi.com

3) Rainbow coalition mayoralty planned in Vanuatu’s second town

Posted at 07:23 on 10 June, 2013 UTC

The independent Vanuatu MP Kalfau Moli has forged an agreement with a number of political parties, including the National United Party, to support a candidate for the position of mayor of Lugainville.

Mr Moli, who is one of two MPs from Lugainville, says that they have combined forces in order to help Mark Herer win the mayoralty.

The election for Lugainville’s mayor is to take place next Monday.

Mr Moli, who says he has the support of five councillors, says the new alliance is about creating a rainbow coalition in the local council.

“Because these people are young councillors. We’ve been fortunate to get in young councillors who qualified as students, people who are capable of carrying out policies. So we try and make the second biggest town in Vanuatu more prosperous in regards to management and service delivery to the communities.”

Kalfau Moli

Radio New Zealand International

4) Fiji Museum Team Discovers Ancient Village Sites
Sites in Koroyanitu mountains said to be at least 500 years old

By Avinesh Gopal

SUVA, Fiji (Fiji Times, June 10, 2013) – The historical discovery of two village sites dating back to at least 500 years has been made by a team from the Fiji Museum.

Following a request from villagers on an island off Lautoka, the team carried out a survey in the Koroyanitu mountain range in Lautoka last week.

The survey resulted in the discovery of two old village sites.

Fiji Museum’s head of history and archaeology, Elia Nakoro, said the villagers wanted them to do a survey to substantiate stories passed down the generations.

Mr Nakoro said the villagers were only aware of the old village site from oral history.

He said the survey found clear evidence of people once living at the site of the old villages.

The team would not disclose the name of the island that requested an archaelogical survey for various reasons, including safeguarding the site.

“There is evidence of houses being at the site, with stone alignments in the mountains and some clay pottery pieces also found,” he said

“We also did a mapping of the site which is on a slope towards Navilawa, just at the bottom of the mountain range.”

Asked when the villages existed, he said: “The villages would have existed between the years 1500 and 1800.

“Most villages were established on high ground like a fort at that time because of tribal wars to enable people to lookout for their enemies.

“It’s a source of ancestral link for the villagers and it also shows just how the early Fijians were moving about and they ended up on the island.

“Their movements have been confirmed by the Native Lands Commission records and the nearby villagers of Abaca and Navilawa in the Koroyanitu mountain range.”

Mr Nakoro said the villagers could have ended up on the outer island either to escape their enemies or in search of marine resources.

“The Koroyanitu mountain range is the origin of most villages in the West, especially in Nadi and Lautoka.”

His team has taken photographs and finer details of the old village site, which would go down in historical records.

The team has been going around the country doing surveys based on information received from people.

Mr Nakoro said his office had been flooded with requests from villagers to trace and confirm their old village sites.

“There are numerous requests received by the museum from villages around Fiji to confirm and protect their cultural heritage from any sort of development – infrastructural, mining, hotel, logging, agriculture.

“The Archaeology Department has been doing this in the past several years by utilising Cap 264 of the Preservation of Objects of Archaeological and Palaeontological Interest Act.

“We have been assisting villagers in confirming their sites of cultural significance and also one that is tied to their identity and origin.”

Mr Nakoro said the museum had been helping in tracing the movements of the iTaukei ancestors from one place to another, recording historical accounts and linking it to the existing cultural features in the form of old village sites through mapping and reporting.

He said the data collected was entered into a database of cultural sites of Fiji and used to advise government departments and developers.

Fiji Times Online: http://www.fijitimes.com.

POLYNESIA:

5) Tongan King Praises Legislative Assembly On Speedy Work
Says country needs more time for democracy to flourish

NUKUALOFA, Tonga (Matangi Tonga, June 9, 2013) – Tonga needs more time to allow its two-year-old democracy to flourish, HM King Tupou VI told the Tonga Legislative Assembly in a message on June 7.

The king was not present at Friday’s “soft closing” of the recent session that began in 2012, and his speech was read by Prince Tu’ipelehake.

The king also praised the speedy passing by parliament of Bills during a special parliamentary session in March, which he attributed to the commitment of the 26-members parliament to address the concern of the people.

The king told parliament that an amendment to the Tongan Constitution to enable members to table a motion for a Vote of No Confidence in the Prime Minister and his government was a special privilege to test the new democratic system. However, he stressed that like all new privileges, there was a need for maintenance and care, with long-term commitment to address the welfare of the Tongan people.

One of the five Bills that were passed in March was a Bill for the Pacific Games Act 2013. Tonga will host the 2019 South Pacific Games and the king believed that it would encourage people in Tonga to try and keep fit and to become more health conscious.

With regards to the global financial crisis he said that there were signs that the Tongan economy is recovering, with a slight increase in the flow of remittances and income from tourism.

However the king envisaged that economic recovery in Tonga could be accelerated by improvement in areas that included:

the running of private businesses;
introduction of an appropriate tax system;
establishment of sustainable energy sources;
up-grading the public services;
raising the quality and the quantity of public constructions;
improve the standard of public transport;
improve the banking system.

The King believed that if his proposals could be introduced, the Tongan economy could be further improved despite Tonga’s limited natural resources.

Prince Tu’ipelehake was accompanied to the soft closing of parliament by Prince Tungi and Lord Luani.

New session

King Tupou IV will officially open the new 2013-14 Session of the Tongan Parliament this week on 13 June.

Matangi Tonga Magazine: www.matangitonga.to/home/

MICRONESIA:

6) Charmaine Scotty Elected To Nauru Parliament; Second Woman In History
Counting still ongoing in some constituencies after rush election

MELBOURNE, Australia (Radio Australia, June 10, 2013) – A woman has been elected to the Nauru Parliament for only the second time in the country’s history.

Charmaine Scotty has been elected alongside sitting member Dr. Kieren Keke in the seat of Yaren after yesterday’s parliamentary elections.

Ms Scotty was a permanent secretary in the public service before running for office.

The only previous female member of parliament was independent Ruby Thoma, who was elected four times in the 1980s and 1990s.

Other results continue to be announced with votes still being counted in a number of constituencies.

President of Nauru, Sprent Dabwido, has been returned in his seat of Meneng alongside new members Lyn-Wannan Kam and Squire Jeremiah after a recount of votes this morning.

In the seat of Anetan sitting member Marcus Stephen has been returned and former MP Cyril Buraman has been re-elected.

The count in Anabar, Boe and Aiwo have also been finalised.

There were a record number of candidates in this election with 68 people contesting the 19 seats in 8 districts.

Nauru has endured months of political turmoil leading up to the election.

Radio Australia: www.abc.net.au/ra

PASIFIK:


7) The future of the Pacific Ocean hangs in the balance

By Online Editor
6:00 pm GMT+12, 10/06/2013, Fiji

The immense scale of the Pacific Ocean, at 165 million square kilometres, inspires awe and fascination, but for those who inhabit the 22 Pacific island countries and territories, it is the very source of life. Without it, livelihoods and economies would collapse, hunger and ill-health would become endemic and human survival would be threatened.

But as populations rapidly escalate, the sustainable future of this vast ecosystem hangs in the balance, while the pressing need for economic development in a region of Small Island Developing States competes with the urgency of combating climate change and stemming environmental loss.

In a message to the global community on Saturday, designated by the United Nations as World Ocean Day, U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon urged nation states to “reverse the degradation of the marine environment due to pollution, overexploitation and acidification.” Nowhere is this triple threat more evident than in the waters of the Pacific.

The largest ocean in the world, it covers one third of the earth’s surface and an area more expansive than the total of all its landmasses, while its natural processes determine the global climate.

The ocean’s health is crucial to the food security of the region’s population of 10 million, whose annual fish consumption is three to four times the world average. For the rural majority, 60 to 90 percent of sea harvests are used for sustenance, while 47 percent of households depend on fishing as a main source of income.

At the regional level, the commercial fisheries sector – dominated by the tuna industry – contributes to approximately 10 percent of gross domestic product (GDP) and 80 percent of all exports in one quarter of Pacific Island states.

However these coastal fisheries are now recognised as the most threatened by over-exploitation, pollution and climate change.

In Melanesian countries like the Solomon Islands – an archipelago nation of more than 900 forest-covered islands, lying just east of Papua New Guinea – population growth, which is 2.7 percent per year, is putting major pressure on resources. It is estimated that about 55 percent of Pacific Island nations have over-exploited coral reef fisheries.

Concerns about marine pollution have been exemplified by the ‘Great Pacific Garbage Patch’, also known as the world’s largest landfill, a massive swirling gyre of 3.5 million tonnes of waste in the North Pacific Ocean.

Joeli Veitayaki, head of the School of Marine Studies at the University of the South Pacific in Fiji, believes that “waste management is the biggest issue.”

“In some of the main population centres, there is no waste collection or treatment systems, while in others inappropriate methods are used. Communities and civil authorities are treating non-biodegradable and highly toxic waste as they have treated biodegradable waste,” he told IPS, adding, “Waste oil from some commercial operators is being disposed of in environmentally damaging ways that cause irreparable damage.”

The main sources of marine pollution are sewage, urban, agricultural and industrial run-off and plastic waste. In populated coastal island areas, plastic bags, containers and bottles are highly visible, suffocating marine habitats. Studies have revealed that fish in the North Pacific region are ingesting between 12,000 to 24,000 tonnes of plastic per year.

With UNICEF reporting that the average improved sanitation coverage in Oceanic countries is less than 50 percent, sewage remains a significant threat to the health of human and marine life.  Up to 25 percent of rural communities practise open defecation and piped untreated sewerage from many urban centres is discharged directly into the sea.

Future challenges to the ocean will come from climate change as increasing sea temperatures and ocean acidity are expected to drive alterations in fish populations and lead to the breakdown of coral reef systems that are important harbours of marine biodiversity.

Marine life has already been impacted by factors ranging from destructive fishing to pollution. According to the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN)’s Red List of Threatened Species, Papua New Guinea has incurred the highest losses in the region, with a total of 196 endangered marine species, including 157 species of coral, 20 species of sharks and four species of turtles. This year the Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP) launched a regional marine species conservation programme to improve protection of dugongs, marine turtles, whales and dolphins.

Pacific Islanders who have maintained a close cultural, social and economic relationship with the sea for thousands of years acknowledge the imperative of preserving the ocean for future generations.

In 2010, recognising that “no single country in the Pacific can by itself protect its own slice of oceanic environment”, the Pacific Islands Forum launched the regional Pacific Oceanscape initiative, a strategic framework to improve ocean governance.

“So far no (Pacific Island) country has formulated a national ocean policy to guide the action and activities in its maritime zones,” Veitayaki pointed out.

But action at the national level has included the acclaimed development of Marine Managed Areas (MMAs) that incorporate customary traditions of resource access and governance. There are approximately 1,232 active MMAs in the Pacific region covering 17,000 square kilometres, with 10 percent being designated as ‘no-take zones.’

Significant Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) include the Phoenix Islands Protected Area established by the government of Kiribati – a low-lying nation in the Central Pacific Ocean comprising a coral reef and 32 atolls – and the one-million-square-kilometre Cook Islands Marine Park, currently the world’s largest.

The century ahead will witness increasing human stresses on the Pacific Ocean as islanders with limited land areas and resources turn to the sea in search of ways to boost economic development.

Burgeoning deep sea mineral exploration projects, such as the Solwara 1 project in the vicinity of Papua New Guinea, has galvanised regional debate about the potential economic windfalls versus long term environmental impacts, the dearth of knowledge about deep sea marine biodiversity and the present lack of national governance and legislative frameworks to regulate commercial activity on the seafloor.

The future success of ocean management is dependent on reliable marine scientific data and building national capacities that enable policy implementation.

“Lack of up to date data is a major hindrance as we are always reacting to problems, such as depleting fisheries, damaged coral reefs and high pollution levels,” Veitayaki explained. “If assessments were better, management could be more preventive.”

Capacity for implementation, which he acknowledges has always been a major challenge for developing nations in the region, whether in terms of financial, technical or human resources, will demand more innovative and collaborative approaches by the diverse Pacific Island peoples whose survival depends on a healthy ocean.

SOURCE: IPS/PACNEWS

8) Pacific tells EU – conclude EPA or we’re out

By Online Editor
6:12 pm GMT+12, 10/06/2013, Fiji

By Samisoni Pareti, Islands Business

Pacific Islands Countries that are negotiating an economic partnership agreement (EPA) with the European Union have dropped a bombshell – conclude negotiations by the end of 2013 or we will withdraw from the entire negotiations all together.

The ultimatum was conveyed to the European Union Commissioner for Trade, Karel de Gucht, in a letter dated June 4, 2013.

Islands Business magazine has obtained a copy of the letter in which the Pacific ACP (PACP) Lead Spokesperson on EPA negotiations, Dr Viliami Uasike Latu, who is Tonga’s Minister for Commerce, Tourism and Labour, minced no words.

“We have a clear directive from our Leaders to conclude negotiations on a comprehensive EPA as a single region before the end of this year,” wrote Dr Latu.

“We will be submitting our final report to our Leaders at their meeting in September 2013 and I am afraid that if no tangible progress is made before then – this could be the end of our 10-year long negotiating process.

“This would be disappointing especially after spending so much time and money on this process. We have done everything possible on our end; we submitted all the market access offers and provided detailed responses to your questions on fisheries issues but it looks like there is no end to the ‘question and answer session.’ We have reached a point where we need to conclude this process one-way or the other.”

The lack of what Dr Latu said ‘a timely response’ from the EU on their EPA negotiations has clearly irked the Pacific members of the ACP bloc.

In addition, this strongly worded letter appears to be their official response to a recent speech to Pacific ACP Trade Ministers by the European Ambassador to the Pacific Andrew Jacobs in which he had accused the Pacific countries of being too inflexible in the negotiations.

Minister Latu – in his letter – identified fisheries, global sourcing and market access as the key contentious points in EPA talks.

“Pacific Ministers note with disquiet that the EPA negotiations have been going on for nearly 10 years which has stretched PACP human and financial resources.

“This long delay also means that preferences are also being eroded and thereby reducing the potential benefits to the PACP private sector.

“PACPs believe that if crafted properly, a comprehensive EPA has the potential to create the right conditions for trade and development.

“The comprehensive EPA will, however, only deliver on the development dimension if PACPs are offered improved market access, including global sourcing, and adequate and timely Aid for Trade resources to assist PACPS to improve their trade-related infrastructure and build their productive capacity, as well as, the capacity to comply with EU export requirements on sanitary and phytosanitary measures and Illegal and Unregulated and Unreported (IUU) fishing.

“We need to conclude the negotiations as soon as possible and focus on implementing the comprehensive EPA. As agreed to in the previous rounds of negotiations, outstanding issues such as services and temporary movement of natural persons and probably geographic indications will be included in a rendezvous clause.

“There is no need to introduce new issues at this late stage of the negotiations. PACPS have also agreed to consider including the EC’s revised chapter on sustainable development in the EPA to address some of the EU’s concerns on sustainable development. PACPS believe that the revised chapter on sustainable development and the high- level principles on conservation and management of fisheries resources in the fisheries chapter are sufficient to address the EU’s concerns on sustainable development.”

Writing on behalf of all trade ministers of the Pacific ACP, Dr Viliame told the EU Trade Commissioner that the Pacific finds as disturbing Brussels visible attempts to turn the EPA talks from trade negotiations into a fish treaty.

“Ministers are disturbed by the EC’s demands to include specific commitments on access to PACP fisheries resources in a trade agreement. As you may be aware, specific commitments on access are included in bilateral Fisheries Partnership Agreements after lengthy negotiations.

“It is simply not possible nor realistic to include specific commitments on fisheries access in a trade agreement. Following the statement issued by Ambassador Jacobs, PACP stakeholders, including non-state actors, have expressed concern that the EC is trying to bypass fisheries officials by negotiating fisheries access in a trade agreement.”

According to Dr Latu, if Europe continues its insistence on access to fisheries in EPA negotiations, then such a demand could only be viewed as attempts to derail the process.

“PACPs have no problem with reaffirming their commitments to regional and international principles on sustainable management of fisheries resources. PACPS also have no problems with references to basic principles of transparency, best scientific evidence available and the need to combat IUU.

“However, the attempts by DG MARE to turn the EPA into a fisheries Treaty by proposing wholesale changes to the sub-regional measures that are implemented by the Parties to the Nauru Agreement (PNA) has the potential to derail the negotiations on the comprehensive EPA.”

On the controversial matter of the global sourcing offer by the EU to Pacific fish exports, Minister Latu wrote that Europe’s current offer is unacceptable to the Pacific. Furthermore, Pacific members of the ACP would not accept any other offer that deviates from the one already offered to Papua New Guinea in its interim EPA with Europe.

“Global sourcing is the main reason why all the PACPs eventually agreed to submit their draft conditional market access offers. PACPs are apprehensive that we have had three rounds of negotiations and the EC is yet to submit its revised proposal on global sourcing.

“The current proposal on global sourcing, which seeks to limit coverage of species to tuna only is clearly unacceptable. Furthermore, PACPS will not accept the coverage of global sourcing that is different from the one that we negotiated in the interim EPA. Any attempts to offer favourable coverage on the scope of global sourcing to one PACP and restrict it to other PACPS is discriminatory and will send negative signals to investors and undermine the potential benefits of global sourcing.”

Going forward, Pacific ACP Trade Ministers want global sourcing and the fisheries chapter of the proposed comprehensive EPA to be considered “in parallel”.

PACPs will not accept any proposal on the fisheries chapter without seeing the EC’s proposal on global sourcing, warned the ministers.

SOURCE: ISLANDS BUSINESS/PACNEWS

TOK PISIN:

9) CBC: Social Media ino kisim ples blong Pulpit

Updated 10 June 2013, 17:05 AEST
Pius Bonjui

Catholic Bishops Conference blong Papua New Guinea na Solomon Islands itok social media ino kisim ples blong preach long Pulpit.

Catholic Bishops Conference (CBC) i tokaut long dispela long Annual General Meeting we ol ibin holim Madang ino long taim igo pinis.

General Secretary bilong CBC, Father Victor Roche itok church i gohet strong long yusim social media olsem Twitter na Facebook long givim aut ol toktok blong church.

Em itok dispela i bihainim toktok bilong Pope long yusim ol niupela kain social media blong givim aut ol teaching na toksave blong Church.

Tasol em i tok dispela ino minim olsem social media i tekova long yusim Pulpit long church blong spredim ol toktok blong Church.http://www.radioaustralia.net.au/tokpisin/

10) Solomons Premier Conference

Updated 10 June 2013, 16:30 AEST
Peter Jonah

Premier George Lilo blong Western Province i laik long toktok long development  i kam long Province yet, ino kam long Honiara.

Western Province bai hostim Solomon Islands Premiers Conference
Odio: Premier George Lilo blong Western Province long Solomon Islands i toktok

Premier george Solingi Lilo blong Western Province long Solomon Islands i laik long toktok blong hau long developim provins i kam long provins yet, na ino kam long Honiara.

Mr Lilo i tokim dispela long Radio Australia pastaim long province blongen i hostim Premiers Conference stat long naba 17 inap long naba 21 long June.

Em itok ol provinsel gavman nau i stap wantaim ol pipol na i save gut long ol development nid blong province, na ino ol ofisel na politisan i kam long Honiara.

Long dispela nau Mr Lilo itok em ino stret long ol ofisel long nasenal gavman long Honiara igo na  tokim ol provins long wanem nau development nid blong ol.

Em itok tu olsem conference bai gohet maski sampela ripot ibin tok bai em ino gohet long wanem bai gat wanpela boycott.http://www.radioaustralia.net.au/tokpisin/

BAHASA:

11) Pria Australia gunakan testosteron sebagai hormon anti-penuaan dan obat diabetes

Terbit 10 June 2013, 19:13 AEST

Hal ini disebut-sebut sebagai air mancur jejaka: hormon testosteron, sejumlah orang mengaku dapat membantu mereka membangun otot, menurunkan berat badan dan meningkatkan energi.

Menurut sebuah studi di JAMA Internal Medicine, di Amerika Serikat, resep untuk terapi testosteron telah meningkat secara signifikan dalam 10 tahun terakhir.

Studi ini menemukan bahwa 50 persen pria yang menjalani terapi testosteron diketahui tingkat testosteronnya lebih rendah dari batas normal.

Tapi sekitar 25 persen ternyata tidak pernah diuji tingkat testosteronnya sebelum memulai terapi.

Di Australia, telah terjadi peningkatan yang serupa pada pria untuk menggunakan testosteron, terutama dengan pengenalan dua produk testosteron baru: injeksi long-acting dan gel.

Dr David Handelsman, dari Anzac Research Institute, menemukan bahwa penggunaan resep  testosteron meningkat di semua negara bagian dan teritori di Australia dari tahun 1992 hingga 2010.

Angka-angka terbaru dari skema manfaat farmasi menunjukkan, jumlah pria menggunakan suntikan testosteron long-acting hampir dua kali lipat.

“Ini boros dan sesat, itu resep yang tidak rasional,” katanya.

“Risikonya mempercepat penyakit jantung dan penyakit prostat. Resikonya memang belum nyata,  tapi banyak alasan untuk berhati-hati.”

“Saya merasa fantastis ‘

Pasien dari Amerika, Chris Running, 57, mengatakan testosteron adalah obat ajaib, membantu dia untuk menurunkan berat badan dan membesarkan otot.

“Ketika saya melihat di cermin dan saya merasa fantastis,” katanya.

Ada beragam alasan bagi pria menggunakan testosteron.

Pria yang menderita defisiensi androgen atau suatu kondisi yang disebut sindrom Klinefelter dapat diresepkan sebagai pengobatan.

Tapi Dr Handlesman mengatakan belum ada peningkatan pada pria yang didiagnosis dengan kondisi itu.

Dia mengatakan ada hormon yang tumbuh berlebihan sebagai tonik anti-penuaan dan meningkatkan fungsi seksual.

Terapi penggantian testosteron (TRT) sedang diuji klinis sebagai pengobatan yang potensial untuk berbagai kondisi termasuk obesitas dan diabetes.

Hasil awal dalam studi oleh Pangeran Henry Institute di Melbourne pada tahun 2010, penggunaan TRT untuk menekan penuaan dan pria obesitas, ditemukan bahwa pengguna  mengalami pengurangan lemak tubuh dan massa otot yang meningkat

TRT untuk obat diabetes

Percobaan ini melibatkan 40 pria paruh baya gemuk yang dimonitor lebih dari satu tahun untuk mengidentifikasi perubahan lemak perut dan resiko penyakit jantung.

Dr Carolyn Allan memimpin uji klinis pada tahun 2010 dan mengatakan itu adalah sebuah studi yang menjanjikan.

Dr Allan dan timnya kini menjadi bagian dari percobaan yang sedang berlangsung di Australia Barat, Australia Selatan, Victoria dan New South Wales melihat bagaimana pengobatan testosteron dapat digunakan untuk mencegah diabetes tipe 2 pada pria kelebihan berat badan.

Dia mengatakan bahwa mereka juga hanya bekerja dengan pria yang memiliki kadar testosteron lebih rendah dari yang diharapkan seusia mereka.

Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk melihat apakah orang-orang yang berada pada risiko diabetes, yang mengalami obesitas dan memiliki kadar testosteron rendah, dapat diobati dengan program penurunan berat pengamat, serta testosteron.

“Kami tidak melihat orang-orang yang sudah memiliki kadar testosteron yang sehat,” katanya.http://www.radioaustralia.net.au/indonesian/

FRENCH:

12) Sécheresse aux Îles Marshall: pénurie de nourriture et tensions

Posté à 10 June 2013, 8:57 AEST
Pierre Riant

Une sécheresse extrême persiste dans les atolls du nord, des milliers de personnes ont un accès limité à la nourriture et dépendent des agences d’aide.

Les jardins vivriers périssent et le manque d’eau potable contribue à la propagation de toute une série de problèmes de santé.

Cette situation suscite aussi des tensions entre les villages.

Le point avec Tom Vance, conseiller national pour l’approvisionnement en eau.

VANCE : « C’est une situation misérable dans les îles du nord. Dans certaines, il n’y a pas eu une goutte de pluie depuis un an et maintenant de nombreuses îles : Ujae, Lae, Wotho, Namu, Ailuk, Wotje, Mejit, Likiep et Maloelap, toutes ces îles sont affectées par cette sécheresse. Au point que les ressources en eau se détériorent et que l’eau des puits est si salée que les arbres à pains et d’autres cultures sont en train de mourir.

La situation va mettre du temps à s’améliorer car même si la pluie arrive, il faudra attendre encore au moins un an avant que l’approvisionnement local en nourriture se rétablisse.

C’est une situation vraiment désastreuse pour tous ceux qui vivent sur ces îles. »

Une population qui doit aussi faire face à des problèmes de santé associés à la sécheresse.

VANCE : « Oui, il y a beaucoup de diarrhées et de fièvres, mais aussi des hépatites, des maladies véhiculées par l’eau et des troubles hépatiques et rénaux. Surtout chez les personnes âgées qui ont l’habitude boire à partir du même puits et des enfants qui sont survoltés par le manque d’eau. »

Des secours sont bien arrivés, des purificateurs d’eau par exemple, et plusieurs agences d’aide s’occupent de l’approvisionnement alimentaire. Mais tous ses efforts, aussi louables soient-il, ne suffisent pas pour venir en aide aux 6 000 voire 7 000 personnes qui souffrent de la sécheresse qui est maintenant devenue une source de tensions :

VANCE : « Des tensions sociales entre différents villages. Des villageois des îles du nord descendent vers le sud et cela crée des problèmes parce qu’ils n’ont pas vraiment d’endroits où aller. Ce n’est pas chez eux et tout le monde aime bien que chacun reste chez soi,  dans son île.

Pour l’instant nous essayons de maîtriser la situation et nous essayons de garder les villageois dans leur village.

Les agences d’aide font du bon travail, elles sont dures à la besogne mais la pénurie de nourriture reste un gros défi. Il n’y a avait plus du tout de nourriture sur l’île d’Enewetak la semaine dernière mais nous avons réussi en envoyer un avion. Tous les arbres à pain sont morts, toute la nourriture locale est terminée. »http://www.radioaustralia.net.au/french/

HEALTH:

13) Fiji police urge compassion as suicide rate climbs

Posted at 07:23 on 10 June, 2013 UTC

The Fiji police are urging more compassion within families as the force records a significant rise in the suicide rate.

In the first four months of the year, police recorded an 18 percent rise in suicides and attempted suicide.

Sally Round reports:

SALLY ROUND: The police say on average there are up to three suicides a week, mostly among 16-to-35 year olds. But some of the 50 victims this year have been under the age of 16. A police spokesperson, Ana Naisoro, says the issues underlying suicide can be easily solved.

“ANA NAISORO: Further analysis has seen that most of the root causes are due to relationship problems or just issues of family differences and so forth, and people have felt that they have no other option but to resort to such means. For example, they’ve been told off by their parents or they’re prohibited from going somewhere, certain privileges are taken away from them that they resort to those type of actions.”

SALLY ROUND: Empower Pacific is one of the organisations providing counselling for families and attempted suicide victims. A clinical practice leader with the organisation, Alita Waqabaca, says Fiji’s suicide rate is very high among educated Indo-Fijian women in the 20-to-30 age group. She says wider socio-economic problems filter down to families and there’s a high expectation from parents to get a good job or move overseas.

“ALITA WAQABACA: It’s associated with a lot of insecurities and just instability. It could be within the home or other social factors. Right now I guess with the political climate that we’re into, there’s a lot of instability – jobs, could be just a sense of well-being, I guess, when it comes down to whether people have the freedom to express themselves.”

SALLY ROUND: Sometimes Empower Pacific counsellors are seeing up to four cases a week of attempted suicide. A youth activist,Tura Lewai, says he sees a direct correlation between the suicide rate and the political climate in Fiji.

“TURA LEWAI: You have to look at the leadership. You have to look at the climate in which these young people grow up in. You have to look at the helplessness that is rife among young people, because they don’t see the light at the end of the tunnel. And I’ve seen it for myself where friends and families have taken their own lives. It takes away a person’s right to be heard, a right to be themselves.”

SALLY ROUND: The police have been making efforts to address the high rate, they’re so concerned. Ana Naisoro says community policing officers have been told to bring up the issue when they’re out and about and to urge parents to better understand peer pressure and other influences on young people.

“ANA NAISORO: They’ve been told that they need to bring these issues up, because usually some of these issues are not really openly discussed when they talk about suicide and attempted suicide cases. But this is something that they’ve been instructed to do – when they go out, they have to speak especially to parents to be more compassionate towards others.”

SALLY ROUND: Meanwhile efforts are underway in Fiji to have a professional register of counsellors to help address increasing rates of anxiety, depression and suicide.

Radio New Zealand International


14) Malaria Cases In Solomons Drop Dramatically
3-fold drop in 5 years called ‘remarkable’

By Charley Piringi

HONIARA, Solomon Islands (Solomon Star, June 10, 2013) – Malaria cases in the country have dropped significantly, health authorities revealed yesterday.

“The number of confirmed malaria cases dropped from 132 per 1000 people in 2007 to 44 per 1000 people in 2012,” Permanent Secretary of the Ministry of Health Dr Lester Ross said yesterday.

“This three-fold reduction is a remarkable progress,” he added.

Dr Ross said achievement shows the National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme has made remarkable progress in its malaria control efforts.

He said Isabel Province is leading the country in its malaria elimination effort.

“Thanks to a very strong community mobilisation, the elimination effort in Isabel Province is on track with only 1 case per 1000 people detected in 2012, confirming the aspiration of the people there to eliminate malaria by 2014”.

The big drop in malaria cases was found by a review team made up of reps from the World Health Organisation and local health officials.

The team conducted a comprehensive malaria program over the past two weeks to review the findings by the National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme, which started in 2008.

Presenting the review’s findings, Dr Ross said that the National Vector Borne Disease Programme had made remarkable progress in malaria control.

“The review team found that the national programme had achieved remarkable progress over the last few years.

Solomon Star

BUSINESS:

15) PNG’s Lamana Group Breaks Ground On Samoan Resort
$60 million resort on Taumeasina island heralded by PM

By Niccola Hazelman-Siona

APIA, Samoa (Samoa Observer, June 9, 2013) – Six months of work towards a new $140 million [US$59.3 million] boutique resort on Taumeasina island started yesterday with a single shovel of sand.

After forty years of “empty promises” Prime Minister Tuilaepa Sailele Malielegaoi broke ground for the new resort, describing it as “history in the making.”

Tuilaepa told invited guests of how he had stood in the same spot on Taumeasina Island “many times before” and “nothing eventuated.”

“You are probably aware that we have attended many occasions such as this on this very island over the past 40 years and have for those years waited with much anticipation of seeing a hotel or resort being built on Taumeasina.”

“Today is therefore a very special day in the tourism history of Samoa and we know from the development plans that the Taumeasina Island Resort will be the haven that will grant visitors the quality holiday and lodging experiences.”

Funded by a Papua New Guinea company, the total project involves 18 rooms and 25 villas and is estimated to cost ST$140 million, with six months to complete the initial civil works stage.

“Tourism will continue to be the main stay of Samoa’s economy and we thank the Lamana Group and the Papua New Guinea Investment Group for choosing to invest in Samoa.”

Lamana Group Managing Director Kostas Constantinou said yesterday was the “first step” towards the new resort.

“Taumeasina Resort will most likely be one of the best resorts in the Pacific along with the other properties we have our partners with.”

Grand Chief Peter Ipatas spoke on behalf of the Papua New Guinean government and presented the Samoa government a gift of NZ$50,000.00 to mark Samoa’s 50th Independence last year.

According to Ben Kearney of Thomson Adsett Architects who presented the project outline the entire project is expected to take two and a half years to complete.

Mr. Kearney said that the resort consists of 18 hotel rooms and 25 villas as well as restaurants, conference facilities, a day spa, a gym, a bar, a café and many other features.

The civil works package will take six months according to Mr. Kearney which will include raising parts of the island by about one to two meters.

After the formalities, the dignitaries armed themselves with shovels and broke ground, ending the day with a luncheon and entertainment by the Moata’a youth group.

Samoa Observer: www.samoaobserver.ws/

16) Fiji’s Lau Group Opens Up To International Yacht Tourism
Temporary port of clearance allows for direct foreign arrivals

By Ilaitia Turagabeci

SUVA, Fiji (Fiji Times, June 10, 2013) – LAU finally opens its doors wide to the world as its first temporary port of clearance opens this week.

The arrival of 25 up-market yachts into Vanuabalavu today signals the start of a new era for Fiji’s most outlying islands as they embrace yachting tourism on a big scale.

Until 2010, Lau was closed to yachting for many years and was not listed on the cruising permit issued by the then Ministry of Fijian Affairs.

The Lau islands could only be visited by invitation from a village headman with the approval of the Lau Provincial Council. When the government opened up the group of islands to yachties in 2010, it put Lau on par with the rest of Fiji’s waters and islands.

The only problem was that yachts arriving from ports upwind to the east from Tonga, Tahiti, Samoa, Cook Islands, the Marshall Islands and the US had to pass through Lau to be cleared in either Savusavu or Suva.

Going back 100 to 130 nautical miles to enjoy the pristine surroundings in Lau waters was difficult against prevailing east-south-east winds and this posed a risk for yachts.

The government – after hearing a proposal by the Fiji Hotel and Tourism Association’s marine operators sub-committee, under which marinas come under – agreed to open a temporary port for the yachting season at Nabavatu on Vanuabalavu.

From today, Customs, immigration, biosecurity and health will be based at the Royal Exploring Isles Yacht Squadron, located in a sheltered bay at the top of Vanuabalavu.

The yacht club – which was inaugurated by the then crown prince and now King of Tonga, Siaosi Tupou V, in 2003 – will also be home to some of the yacht owners who are part of the Oyster World Rally which sails into Fiji this week from Tonga.

The rally, exclusive to owners of Oyster brand yachts, started in January in Antigua and will sail on to Savusavu, Port Denarau and Musket Cove Resort before heading for Vanuatu on its way back home.

Marine operators subcommittee co-ordinator John Philp said they hoped to promote Lau as the gem in paradise to the world yachting community.

“Lau is unique, virtually untouched because it was not exposed as Yasawa has been to yacht owners who travel the world looking for the perfect environment,” he said.

“It will give the people of Lau a chance to showcase their uniqueness. This is something we have worked hard at to promote to the people of Lau, to government and to the world of yachting.”

Mr Philp said Lau would gain popularity among yachting tourists as a result of the initiative.

“This will increase not only the projected revenue for the Lau Group but also the Fiji yachting industry as a whole by opening Lau as a new attraction and making Fiji a better yachting destination,” he said.

According to the 2012 Fiji Yachting Tourism Survey, only 20 per cent of Fiji-cleared yachts visit Lau each year.

Fifty-six per cent (370 yachts) of the 662 yachts that visited Fiji last year came from ports upwind of Lau, sailing non-stop past its islands to ports of entry at Savusavu, Levuka or Suva. With a port of clearance in Lau, the survey said approximately 2000 yachting tourists would perform their clearance there and would have easy access to visit the rest group.

Mr Philp said this would open tourism potential for villagers.

In its proposal to the Lau Provincial Council and the government, the sub-commitee said its objectives are to:

Increase the number of visiting yachts in Lau;
Benefit the people by providing legitimate revenue streams through yachting tourism;
Preserve the marine environment by setting up marine protected areas (MPAs);
Strengthen iTaukei traditions by providing opportunities to display such traditions;
Create a strict code of conduct for yachts visiting the islands; and
Improve border security throughout the group by increased Customs presence and forming partnerships with the yachting industry, villages and other parties

With a yacht’s stay estimated at an average of 45 days in 2012, the time required to cruise around north and southern Lau, and with a daily expenditure of $182 a yacht per day, revenue derived from cruising yachts and superyachts is estimated at around $2million.

Mr Philp said this would go directly to the villages.

For this week’s rally, he estimates yachties will boost revenue in Lau by $100,000.

Under the proposal for Lau, government will be required to staff the port of entry during the yachting season from April to October and the cost of this would be offset by fees paid by yachts for inward clearance formalities.

Next week, a second rally organised by the Island Cruising Association will sail into Lau waters.

While government officials are based there, they will conduct awareness programs with villagers on border security, biosecurity and health issues.

Mr Philp said none of the businesses engaged in the yachting industry in Fiji would benefit from the Oyster Rally or the other yachts arriving into Vanubalavu between June 10 and June 20.

“We are doing all of this at our cost in order to develop Lau as a yachting tourism destination.”

Fiji Times Online: http://www.fijitimes.com.

LAW&ORDER:

17) Sorcery holding back development in Solomon Islands: Academic

Posted at 02:43 on 10 June, 2013 UTC

A Honiara-based academic says sorcery beliefs may be holding back social and economic development in Solomon Islands.

Lawrence Foanaota, who is a researcher for James Cook University, says some communities are afraid, concerned and also angry about the effect sorcery is having on their lives, families and businesses.

He says infrastructure developments have been held back because of sorcery accusations.

“Some major development projects have been proposed. They have already had the ground breaking, up until now there has been nothing happening and there are a number of other examples. So, people believe that they might be related to fear of sorcery from the other opposing tribe using it.”

Lawrence Foanaota says while the incidents of sorcery are not as violent or pervasive as in neighbouring Papua New Guinea, the number of people starting to believe in black magic is increasing.

Radio New Zealand International

CLIMATE CHANGE,CONSERVATION & ENVIROMENT:

18) Vanuatu Hosting Seabed Mining Workshop
SPC offers advice ‘on avoiding environmental impacts’

WELLINGTON, New Zealand (Radio New Zealand International, June 09, 2013) – Vanuatu will host a workshop this week for Pacific governments to be advised on the emerging industry of seabed mining.

Scientists say rich deposits of gold and other precious ’rare earth’ metals are found in seabeds from Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands and Fiji across to French Polynesia.

The mining company Nautilis Minerals was given a licence by PNG in 2011 to exploit seabeds in its exclusive economic zone.

Akuila Tawake, the team leader for the the Secretariat of the Pacific Community’s Deep Sea Minerals Project, says advice to countries will focus on avoiding environmental impacts and problems with revenue management.

“We’ll do everything we can to make sure that in any economic development we make sure we look after the environment, we are supporting the economic or socio-economic development of our various communities in the region.”

Akuila Tawake says territories including French Polynesia are not included in the project, despite being member countries of the SPC.

Radio New Zealand International: www.rnzi.com

19) Lack of consultation in Vanuatu on issuing mining licences
By Online Editor
6:06 pm GMT+12, 10/06/2013, Vanuatu

Vanuatu’s Minister for Land and Natural Resources, Ralph Regenvanu says he is concerned with the way previous governments have issued licenses for offshore mining exploration and prospecting.

He made his views known in Port Vila today while opening the Pacific ACP States regional training workshop on the social impacts of deep sea mining activities.

Minister Regenvanu said in the past five years, he was surprised to find that the Government had issued 145 licenses for offshore mining and three offshore oil exploration, without the knowledge of 99 percent of the island country’s population.

“Needless to say, these licenses have been issued without any proper national regulatory framework for seabed mining or for scientific research, let alone any proper understanding of what the prospecting process entails and what lies on our seabed – this is, after all, the common situation all our countries find ourselves in when engaging with seabed mineral issues.

“What concerns me most, however, is that the government has been proceeding down a path of action without the people it is supposed to represent agreeing to or even knowing about what we are doing, said Regenvanu.

He said the present government is putting in place reforms to the Vanuatu’s land laws to ensure that that the principal of “Free Prior Informed Consent” is applied to all land dealings.

“We want this to become enshrined in law, to the extent that a substantial majority of the members of a land-owning clan are required to agree to any dealing with their land.

“I hope to pass these laws in the November session of Parliament this year.

“Vanuatu’s Council of Ministers has also just agreed to amend the Constitution to make it mandatory for the National Council of Chiefs to be consulted on all bills relating to land or kastom before they go to parliament. This amendment will go before Parliament in August, said Minister Regenvanu.

He urged workshop participants to incorporate the wishes of the people on discussion about the social impacts of mining of natural resources.

“It is just not possible to disregard the people and the communities we serve – they are the only ones qualified to describe and to judge what the “social impacts” of any policy is on them – and there is simply no other way to determine this.

“Accordingly, I ask you as government officials to listen to these voices, the voices of our people, voices like that of the Vanuatu Council of Women and other NGO’s, voices like that of the churches. Listen, consider, and do your best to accommodate their views and represent them faithfully in your policy and decision-making.

“I ask you to take note of the concept of “Free Prior Informed Consent” which is an important principle when dealing with our communities, and especially the indigenous communities which make up the majority of the national populations of most of the Pacific Islands and who are – significantly – the stewards of most of our land and sea areas, said Minister Regenvanu.

“Free Prior Informed Consent” is a concept outlined in the “Draft Declaration of the Rights of Indigenous Peoples” (or “UNDRIP”) which was adopted by the United Nations in 2007.

SOURCE: PACNEWS

20) Proposed Vanuatu Fish Processing Plant Worries Santo Residents
Site prep allegedly underway without permits, environmental review

By Harrison Selmen

PORT VILA, Vanuatu (Vanuatu Daily Post, June 10, 2013) – Luganville communities including business houses have questioned the establishment of a proposed fish processing plant right within the town limits of Luganville.

This has raised concerns of pollution of the environment, destruction of waterways, fish stocks decimation and air pollution.

The people of Santo were this week surprised to discover that a fish processing plant was about to be built on Santo.

The concerns raised were that the selected site was not located where the environmental impact could be minimised.

The site proposed is Melcoffee Wharf within the town limits of Luganville, only 2km from the centre of town and fronting onto the most valuable waterway in Santo town, the Second Channel.

Concern was also over the fact that the area is surrounded by houses, resorts, schools and churches.

There was also concern that there has been no public debate regarding this proposal even though it allegedly has far reaching negative consequences to the people of Luganville.

A member of the Espiritu Santo Tourist Association found out about the fish processing proposal quite by accident.

It is alleged the vested interests behind the fish processing venture is a company of Chinese origin from Western Australia.

Daily Post was told that the containers containing machinery was delivered allegedly before the company even applied for approval to go ahead with the project.

Information is also at hand that some activities have started allegedly without the necessary building and development permits being issued.

It is understood the proposed fish processing plant intends to manufacture fish meal which is fed to animals and is allegedly a process that outputs considerable higher amounts of pollutants as well as decimating fish stocks because everything is caught and processed including small fish.

A reliable source said an environmental scientist based in Sydney that knows the Luganville area intimately on hearing of this proposal stated that this type of project will “undoubtedly denigrate the environmental integrity of the Luganville area”.

The scientist added, “The attention of the council should be brought to Tulagi in the Solomon Islands.

“Everything around Tulagi is basically dead with the exception of the sharks attracted by the waste water.”

There is a duty of care that Council and Government have to Vanuatu and they should not under any circumstances allow investors to set up businesses that destroy the environment, concerned investors in Santo said.

Daily Post has been informed that the company has made a development application to the Luganville Municipality on May 21, 2013- two weeks ago.

Work on the site is underway allegedly without any approvals or environmental assessment so far.

There is mounting pressure for the people of Luganville to oppose this fish processing plant at Melcoffee Wharf and to sign one of the many petitions being circulated. The Luganville business community is urging the authorities concerned and the government to really look into the matter before the people of Luganville could become victim to the impacts of the project in the future.

Vanuatu Daily Post: http://www.vanuatudaily.com

21) PNG opens biggest fish processing plant in the region

Updated 10 June 2013, 19:17 AEST
Jemima Garrett for Pacific Beat

Papua New Guinea has opened the region’s biggest fish processing plant in the industrial city of Lae.

This marks the first investment by Thai Union, the world’s biggest fish processor.

PNG prime minister, Peter O’Neill, says the opening of the Majestic Seafoods plant could create close to 7,000 jobs.

Mr O’Neill says his government wants to see all fish processed on shore to create jobs and economic benefits for Papua New Guineans.

National Fisheries Authority managing director, Sylvester Pokajam, says PNG’s tuna industry has the potential to become a big player on the global stage.

“We can be number one in the world,” Mr Pokajam said.

“Thailand is the biggest in the world today but we have the fish.”

Better access

Martin Dihm, European Ambassador to PNG, says PNG’s other big advantage in its bid to bring tuna processing onshore is the fact it has better access to Europe than Asian countries, through its Economic Partnership Agreement.

“That allows full free duty free access of all Papua New Guinean goods to the European market,” Mr Dihm said.

“It is the most lucrative market in the world with 500 million consumers.

“The fact that Thai investment comes here I think, in itself, is a very good sign because it means it is better to produce here, to create the jobs here than in Bangkok.”

Maintaining standards

Mr Dihm says the Majestic Seafoods plant will need to maintain environmental and other standards.

“What we have to consider, of course, is we look … very closely at stock conservation issues and at any labour issues and social issues,” he said.

“We have a regular committee… that is foreseen by the trade agreement where we discuss all these issues together.”

Big investment

Prime minister O’Neill also announced at the opening that Lae will get a new international terminal at its airport on top of new port and road infrastructure.

Lae Chamber of Commerce President Alan McLay says such a big investment is making a difference.

“It is just one huge factory,” he said.

“They talk about initially putting on 4,000 workers and if things go well they say they have facilities for 7,000 workers. So that is just a huge amount.”

Abundant workforce

Mr Pokajam says companies won’t have trouble finding workers.

“That is why most investment is going into Lae because that is where the workforce is in abundance,” he said.

“The beauty of it is that most of the workforce are females, about 90% are female.”

However, Mr Pokajam thinks the job targets will not be easy to achieve.

“Last year or the year before that I said 5 years but it is going to be more than 5 years,” he said.

“I would say 10 years.”http://www.radioaustralia.net.au/

SPORTS:


22a) Nalaga, Bai, Nagusa join
By Matai Akauola
7:12 pm GMT+12, 10/06/2013, Fiji

Four new players are included in the Flying Fijians side to play against the Classic All Blacks on Wednesday at the ANZ Stadium.

France-based Napolioni Nalaga, Timoci Nagusa, Masi Matadigo and Seremaia Bai will join the likes of Sireli Bobo and Nikola Matawalu in the Flying Fijians side to face the Classic All Blacks.

Bobo and Matawalu didn’t play in Flying Fijians 20-18 defeat against Canada are back in the team to play in this historic Fiji Rugby Union Centennial match.

The match kicks off at 6pm on Wednesday at the ANZ Stadium.

Flying Fijians: Adriu Delai, Aisea Natoga, Akapusi Qera, Api Naikatini, Apisalome Ratuniyarawa, Campese Ma’afu, Iliesa Ratuva, Jerry Yanuyanutawa, Jiuta Lutumailagi, Leone Tabuaura, Malakai Ravulo, Manasa Saulo, Masi Matadigo, Napolioni Nalaga, Nemani Nadolo, Nemia Kenatale, Netani Talei, Nikola Matawalu, Rupeni Nasiga, Samuel Matavesi, Seremaia Bai, Setefano Somoca, Simeli Koniferedi, Sireli Bobo, Talemaitoga, Timoci Nagusa, Vili Veikoso, Wame Lewaravu.
SOURCE: FIJI SUN/ PACNEWS

22b) Baby Blacks hold off Australia
By Matai Akauola
7:14 pm GMT+12, 10/06/2013, New Zealand

The New Zealand under-20s team have held off a strong challenge from Australia to earn their second group win at the IRB Junior World Championships in France.

The Baby Blacks were held scoreless in the second half but still managed to pip their trans-tasman rivals 14-10 in Vannes, crushing Australia’s hopes of reaching the semi-finals.

An explosive 60 metre run by winger Fa’asiu Fuatai down the left-hand touchline, beating three Australian tacklers, set up flanker Joseph Edwards for New Zealand’s only try of the game while first five Simon Hickey kicked nine points as they went into halftime with a 14-3 lead.

Australia hit back midway through the second half with a Luke Burton try but New Zealand held on in the final stages thanks to some staunch defence led by skipper Ardie Savea. The Hurricanes flanker pulled off a crucial turnover with Australia on attack deep inside New Zealand territory which ended the match.

New Zealand sit tied with Ireland atop group B who beat Fiji 46-3 earlier today. The two sides will meet on Friday.

New Zealand under-20s 14 (Joseph Edwards, try; Simon Hickey 3 pen)

Australia under-20s (Luke Burton, try; Reece Hodge con, pen) Halftime: 14-3.
SOURCE: NZ HERALD/ PACNEWS

22c) Ireland secure comprehensive win over Fiji
By Matai Akauola
7:16 pm GMT+12, 10/06/2013, Fiji

The Irish under-20s secured a comfortable 46-3 victory over Fiji at the Stade de la Rabine as they continued their fine start to the Junior World Cup. After their impressive victory over Australia, Mike Ruddock’s side were expected to run out comfortable winners and they did running in five tries.

Fiji made a bright start to the game and should have been in front but for some wayward penalty kicking.

Ireland finally settled and opened the scoring when Tom Daly slotted over a penalty of his own.

Mike Ruddock’s side had Rory Scholes to thank for a try-saving tackle on Elia Ratucove on 11 minutes.

Ireland then scored a tremendous team try with forwards and backs interplaying well before an overlap was created wide and Darren Sweetnam dived over in the corner.

Daly missed the conversion but the score finally settled the Irish team and a good period of pressure drew another penalty but Daly was again wayward.

Emori Waqa recovered from earlier misses to give the Fijians their first points of the game with a penalty and the Fijians were playing much better than they did during their 59-6 defeat to New Zealand earlier in the week.

Ireland led 11-3 on the half-hour mark thanks to another Daly penalty.

Fiji looked dangerous in open play but were poor at the set-piece and the penalty count against them was rising although Daly was struggling to punish their errors.

Daly made it 14-3 in the 37th minute and that’s how it remained at the break.

Ireland assumed control at the beginning of the second half with a try from prop Christopher Taylor and a superb individual effort from Rory Scholes.

Scholes scored his second try as he finished off a great move picking up a beautiful reverse pass from Tom Daly before forcing his way over. Flyhalf Crosbie missed the conversion.

Dan Leavy went low and dived over in the corner for Ireland’s fourth try of the half following good work from Mark Roche and Darren Sweetnam in the build-up. Again the conversion went astray.

Rory Scannell, Ireland’s third different placekicker, scored a penalty and less than a minute later Darren Sweetnam chipped over the Fiji defensive line and seized on the loose ball and ran under the posts allowing Scannell an easy task in adding the extras.

There were no further scores as Ireland eased to a 46-3 win.
SOURCE: IRISH INDEPENDENT/PACNEWS

22d) PNG Security To Be Stepped Up During Aussie Rugby Games
State of Origin violence sees one killing, houses burned

MELBOURNE, Australia (Radio Australia, June 10, 2013) – Security will be boosted in Papua New Guinea’s capital, Port Moresby, during the next State of Origin clash in Australia, after violence flared between supporters during last week’s clash

The annual State of Origin contest between New South Wales and Queensland has become a national obsession in rugby-mad Papua New Guinea.

Clashes between fans during last week’s first round left one person dead and several homes destroyed.

Perou N’dranou, Superintendent of Operations for the National Capital District, is appealing for locals to watch the game at home rather than take to the streets.

“Please do not overdo it – this game is more than a hundreds kilometres away in Brisbane now,” he said.

“It’s got nothing to do with us – just enjoy it.”

After the first round last Wednesday, two groups of men clashed and one was stabbed to death.

His relatives later burned down two houses they believed belonged to the killers.

Superintendent N’dranou says more than 20 newly-graduated police officers will be deployed, and community outreach undertaken ahead of the next clash on June 26.

“Targeted areas…that do come up being more aggressive than usual, we’re sending policemen in to talk to them,” he said.

“[We’ll tell them] this is just a game – you don’t play it like these people.

“You don’t play it at all.”

Radio Australia: www.abc.net.au/ra

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