5ème congrès annuel du Parti Travailliste à Kowékara/New Caledonia -Credit: Magalie Maly Tingal/Radio Djido, Kanaky.
Phils Note: ( All 25 Million+ Melanesian People & The World Media ) EYE/ear on the Melanasian Island Nation Of New Caledonia in 2014…..Autonomy LEADING to Independence KANAKY.Ummm and France wwill fight to keep it because of GREED $$
SOIL – Red colours on the mainland ( La Grand terre ) reveal the richness of the ground in iron oxides and nickel.
New Caledonian soils contain about 25% of the world’s nickel resources.
New Caledonia is a sui generis collectivity to which France has gradually transferred certain powers. It is governed by a 54-member Territorial Congress, a legislative body composed of members of three provincial assemblies. The French State is represented in the territory by aHigh Commissioner. At a national level, New Caledonia is represented in the French Parliament by two deputies and two senators. At the 2012 French presidential election thevoter turnout in New Caledonia was 61.19%.
For 25 years, the party system in New Caledonia was dominated by the anti-independence The Rally–UMP. This dominance ended with the emergence of a new party, Avenir Ensemble, also opposed to independence but considered more open to dialogue with the Kanak movement, which is part of FLNKS, a coalition of several pro-independence groups.
Since 1986 the United Nations Committee on Decolonization has included New Caledonia on the United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories. An independence referendum was held the following year, but was rejected by a large majority.
Under the Noumea Accord, signed in 1998 following a period of secessionist unrest in the 1980s and approved in a referendum, New Caledonia is to hold a second referendum on independence between 2014 and 2018.
The official name of the territory, Nouvelle-Calédonie, could be changed in the near future due to the accord, which stated that “a name, a flag, an anthem, a motto, and the design of banknotes will have to be sought by all parties together, to express the Kanak identity and the future shared by all parties.” To date, however, there has been no consensus on a new name for the territory.
New Caledonia has increasingly adopted its own symbols, choosing an anthem, a motto, and a new design for its banknotes. In July 2010, New Caledonia adopted the Kanak flag, alongside the existing French tricolor, as a proposal to become the dual official flags of the territory. The adoption made New Caledonia one of the few countries or territories in the world with two official national flags.The decision to use two flags has been a constant battleground between the two sides and led the coalition government to collapse in February 2011.