Smol Melanesian Na Pasifik Nius Digest # 996


By Aloysius Laukai

Small to many but the Regional member for Bougainville has more to celebrate since he was elected in 2012.

Yesterday, he officiated at the official opening of the Monoitu Arch Bishop Peter Kurongku FODE centre and the next day the opening of a two in one classroom at his former school, Haisi Primary school.

These were some of the projects approved by his first Regional Bottom up forum in Mariga last year, 2013.

The regional bottom up forum in Panakei approved more projects for 2014 with the approval of funds for continuing projects in South Bougainville.

A happy, Mr Lera told the people of Monoitu and Haisi to make sure their children go to school as only education can change the region.

He said that he wants to build education and health infrastructures to support the ABG achieve its goal of educating the people of Bougainville.

MR LERA explained in Monoitu that FODE is good as they educate the slow learners who can change and be counted as educated elites of Bougainville .

He said that FODE has proven in the past as more students from FODE have gone into Universities and other higher learning institutions.

Work on the new Haisi Health centre is progressing well with the centre complete and the first staff house near completion.  Newdawnfm


By Aloysius Laukai in Tonu

The regional member for Bougainville,JOE LERA has acknowledged the invitation from the Chairman of the Uvistract system, NOAH MUSINKU and his brother MISACH AUTAHE for Bougainville leaders for a round table conference to talk on the future of Bougainville .

MR. LERA told New Dawn Fm in Tonu today after visiting the Uvistract headquarters.

He said that Bougainville leaders need to come to a round table so that they can come to some understanding on how they can compromise and work together.

MR.Lera said that NOAH MUSINGKU also wants unity but wants a conference with all leaders of Bougainville .

He said that he will sponsor the meeting of Bougainville leaders once they have identified the venue and make arrangements with the leaders.

MR LERA said that a neutral location will be identified to have the meeting before the end of the year.

New Dawn FM understands that the call by the ABG advisor on Weapons Disposal and conflict resolution, CLYDE PARRIS for Bougainville to address the five different governments before referendum could be resolved by having this meeting.newdawnfm

By Aloysius Laukai

The Regional Member’s Bottom-up forum for South Bougainville ended last night with forum making five resolutions to further strengthen the work of these forums in future.

The three- days forum was held at Panakei in Siwai, South west Bougainville.
Speakers at the closing ceremony stressed the importance of having such forums for the COE’s and the Executive Manager’s plus village Assemblies.

The ABG Member for Lule, FR. JOE NABUAI also called on the Regional member and the other three Open members to utilize the four seats in the ABG House of Representatives so that they can contribute in the development process of the region.

Fr.Nabuai said that since his election last year, he has not seen a National member in the ABG House.

He said that for Bougainville to move forward all leaders have to forget their differences and work for the overall good of Bougainville.

Fr. NABUAI said that if this happens this will be the start of a more united Bougainville in which Bougainville leaders can work together.

The meeting was officially closed by the Chairman and Regional Member, Joe Lera.newdawnfm

By Aloysius Laukai in Panakei

The Executive Manager for Torokina, SIMON KORAIKOVE wants Torokina district linked by road with BANA to make sure that whole of South Bougainville are linked by road.

MR. KORAIKOVE made these remarks during presentation of projects proposals for 2014 at the Regional member’s forum in Panakei this morning.
He said that the distance between Bana and Torokina by boat is just 45 minutes AND Linking these districts by road will definitely create impact in South Bougainville.
MR. KORAIKOVE also mentioned that with the ABG and the Regional member purchasing ships it is only proper for the Government to make sure a Jetty is built so that these ships can berth in whenever they are in Torokina.
Meanwhile in the Bana district presentation, they also supported the road link but presenter SAM ROROGA said that they would like to complete the existing roads before venturing on this impact road next year.
The group from Buin district led by the Executive Manager, JOHN ITANU endorsed projects by the South Bougainville forum that will benefit South Bougainville and Bougainville as a whole.
He said Buin will be the first city on Bougainville and wants all Southerners to make sure they establish and help develop the city of Buin. newdawnfm

5) Vanuatu daily news digest | 16 June 2014

by bobmakin

  • This morning has seen the start of an historical engagement by government concerning the future of the country. The Public Forum for a National Sustainable Development Plan for the 15 years from 2016 – 2030 is intended to achieve objectives which the President of the Port Vila Town Council of Chiefs, who opened the consultation, insistsmust ensure benefits for “our children – rather than just for governments.”
  • Lands Minister Ralph Regenvanu delivered the opening address of Prime Minister Natuman, absent in Tanna on his constituency tour. He pointed out the governmental failures of the Priority Action Agendas decided upon previously but lacking few objectives other than the economic ones. Yes, the Gross Domestic Product figures improved with PAAs. However, there was little benefit where the Millennium Development Goals were concerned. Public sector reform achievements were not great and private sector involvement benefitted few and mostly expatriates.Environmental and social objectives – rather than economic objectives – will rule the National Sustainable Development Plan which will emerge after the Public Forum. The top priorities are in this order: the people of Vanuatu and their environment. And the economy rates only third, Regenvanu noted.
  • PM Natuman’s speech delivered by Minister Regenvanu drew upon the important role of the country’s culture and the principles it concerns such as love, respect, help and generosity, truth and honesty, and goodwill and righteousness. As he outlined in his acceptance speech as Prime Minister, Natuman said we must go back to our basics and develop the direct relationship with our environment which our custom acknowledges. Our culture involves both customary and Christian principles.
  • For the first time in Vanuatu’s history the public is being involved in the start of planning for national development objectives. Because of this the Vanuatu daily news Digest will concentrate almost exclusively this week on concepts and demands which have begun emerging from the Public Forum.
  • Forum participants also learned from Minister Regenvanu that talks which began with leaders of political parties meeting earlier in the year can move political reform a step forwards with the arrival at the weekend of a consultant to assist in this process beginning immediately. Political reform was seen as necessary by a number of speakers.
  • The Director of the Department of Strategic Policy, Planning and Aid Coordination (DSPPAC), Benjamin Shing, in an overview of what PAAs have not achieved for Vanuatu, firstly expressed the civil servants’ concern that “we do not want another body like the Asian Development Bank (ADB) running the government” as it seemed to do from the advent of the Comprehensive Reform Programme (1997) – only about bankers’ and their needing the sticking plaster of CRP to plaster over the holes created by instability. Shing admitted there had been growth in the first years of the Republic. Then there was service delivery everywhere. But latterly new services seem only to benefit the towns, he said. There are 7,000 civil servants and 70% of government budgets goes to salaries. – mostly in the towns, since CRP got rid of many extension officers. Shing was pleased government had seen the need for real change. He was also concerned with the problem created by private sector investment through foreigners.
  • The Public Forum learned much which will enable a better consideration of the environment from Feiloakita Tevi of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN). He pointed out, as food for thought, that whilst PNG will earn 1.6 billion kina from the sale of its exportable undersea thermal energy to Japan, it also earns 1.2 billion kina from the street sale of its simple intoxicant betel nut, grown by locals for locals. “There is a great disconnect in the Pacific between people’s needs and what they get for them,” he said. He sees great life in the local informal economy. “We have sustainable development, and it’s in our DNA,” he sagely observed. “We have given enough to the financial institutions.”
  • Ian Abbil tackled the Director of DSPPAC over his department re-inventing the wheel in its most recent activities. “You signed your contract. Did you not also sign a code of conduct and ethics?” he challenged. Director Shing had to admit departmental complicity with orders from elsewhere in the way issues were arranged.
  • Hilda Lini spoke of the 140 custom governance forums in which she has held a role recently, and Pastor Kalsakau spoke of the existence of a Melanesian democracy when we have so much to say about Western democracy.
  • Consultations continue later today (from 5 pm when the private sector says it can attend) and throughout this week and will continue to be covered. Community sectors embracing chiefs, children, women, youth and the disabled along with NGOs and the private sector have been invited to contribute.
  • The present exercise in raising Port Vila municipal land lease assessments has been dropped. More news will be given later in the week.
  • You may have read an article in the Independent that a “Fine of BNP Paribas could affect BRED Bank”. It states that BRED Vanuatu could be affected by the pending fine for BNP Paribas as “BNP owns Banque Populaire which in turn owns BRED.” This is incorrect. BRED Bank is not ultimately owned by nor affiliated with BNP Paribas. In fact they are direct competitors. BRED’s ownership is readily available on the internet but the Independent did not check with the Bank and has asked media to point out the error.

6) Green Growth Framework Summit Wraps Up In Fiji
400 stakeholders agree on strategy to protect, sustain resources

SUVA, Fiji (Fijilive, June 13, 2014) – The two-day Prime Minister’s Green Growth Framework Summit ended today with more than 400 stakeholders from the public and private sector including technical experts agreeing the framework is imperative to protect and sustain Fiji’s limited resources.

The participants issued a six-page communiqué at the completion of the summit, recognising and agreeing the adoption of the framework as a tool to support development that is sustainable is imperative for Fiji in view of the increasing population, improved economic growth, high urban migration and the need to address inequality and ensure people-centred development.

More : Fijilive

7) Fiji-Brazil relations to strengthen– Relationship between Fiji and Brazil will be strengthened even more now that Fiji has an embassy there. Those were the words of the President Ratu Epeli Nailatikau who is currently on an official visit to Brazil. He made the comments during his traditional welcome ceremony at the Fiji embassy where he met staff of the mission.


8) Disgraced Samoa Finance Minister Appointed As Associate Minister
Faumuina joins Ministry for Natural Resources and Environment

APIA, Samoa (Samoa Observer, June 15, 2014) – Samoa’s former minister of finance, Faumuina Tiatia Liuga, has been appointed by the Prime Minister to be the new Associate Minister for Natural Resources and Environment, according to a report from RNZI.

Tuila’epa Sa’ilele Malielegaoi is quoted as saying Faumuina will be of great assistance to the Environment Minister because he has experience and knowledge as a former minister of the same ministry.

Faumuina resigned as Minister of Finance on 16 April 2014 under much pressure following allegations of corruption made against him in Controller and Chief Auditor, Fuimaono Afele Camillo’s report, for 2009-2010.

When he resigned during an address in Parliament, he broke down in tears, saying: “Only God knows. I’m not mad at anyone.”

He told the House as tears were flowing freely from his cheeks: “I believe God allows these things to test the faith of people who trust in Him.”

When Prime Minister, Tuilaepa Sa’ilele Malielegaoi, accepted Faumuina’s resignation he acknowledged Faumuina’s contribution to the development of the country saying 14 years of service to Parliament is not a short period of time.

He also praised Faumuina’s bravery in implementing a number of projects that many politicians were scared of. Among them, he said, was the transformation of a Ministry previously known as a “Ministry of Waste”, to what is known today as a “well run” Ministry of Works, Transport and Infrastructure.

And then addressing Faumuina, Tuilaepa told him: “Don’t forget that God has blessed you with many talents.”

“The end of your service in this area will mean your availability to serve in another area.”

Tuilaepa also announced that a new Minister of Finance would be sworn in at 4pm on Friday, 25 April 2014.

“It will not be an easy decision,” he said. “Everyone in this party is a professor.”

As it turned out though, it was Tuilaepa who appointed himself the new Minister of Finance.

On the night he resigned however, Faumuina, for the first time broke his long held silence over numerous allegations against him.

Speaking during a Ministerial statement allowed by the Speaker of Parliament, La’auli Leuatea Polata’ivao – despite objections to it – Faumuina maintained his innocence, saying he acted in the best interest of the government and the people of Samoa.

Among the questions he addressed were: • Questions surrounding his time at as the Minister of Works;

Questions surrounding the South Pacific Games 2007;
Questions surrounding the Samoa Land Corporation;
Questions surrounding the Scientific Research Organisation of Samoa;
Questions surrounding the Unit Trust of Samoa.

Faumuina addressed the questions during a statement delivered at the beginning of Parliament’s debate over the Officers of Parliament Committee report into the Controller and Chief Auditor’s Report for 2009 and 2010.

More : Samoa Observer

9) Cook Islands MPs Accused Of Campaigning With Public Funds
Misuse of funds allegations leveled at several MPs

By Emmanuel Samoglou

RAROTONGA, Cook Islands (Cook Islands News, June 14, 2014) – Are Cook Islands Members of Parliament from both sides of the floor getting free flights from Parliament to campaign?

Officials from Parliamentary Services, the Ministry of Finance and Economic Management, and Infrastructure Cook Islands have all mentioned a civil list provision that entitles MPs a one-way flight home upon the dissolution of Parliament.

However, upon close examination, it appears that provision doesn’t exist.

Under current rules – outlined in the Remuneration Tribunal Order 2009 – MPs representing constituencies in the outer islands that reside in Rarotonga are entitled to four return trips a year to conduct constituency business.

Under, section 6 (a) of the Order, however, those entitlements are supposed to end when “Parliament has been dissolved for the purpose of holding a general election”.

According to an official at Parliament, a number of Southern and Northern group MPs have been reimbursed for air travel back home after submitting invoices for air travel since Parliament was dissolved in April.

A request for clarification on the matter has been sent to Parliament.

Meanwhile, accusations of misusing public funds for campaigning purposes has prompted the Ministry of Finance and Economic Management to remind certain candidates of their legal obligations during the lead-up to election day.

More : Cook Islands News


10) CNMI House Passed 200 Bills Without Required Public Notice
Representative introduces bill to force 72-hours notification

By Emmanuel T. Erediano

SAIPAN, CNMI (Marianas Variety, June 16, 2014) – The CNMI House of Representatives has passed close to 200 bills without complying with the Open Government Act’s 72-hour notice requirement.

This was disclosed by a resolution prepared by Rep. Edmund S. Villagomez, Covenant-Saipan, who wants to amend the House rules to apply the 72-hour Open Government Act requirement.

Rep. Trenton B. Conner, IR-Tinian, also authored a bill that has the same purpose.

The resolution and the House bill were pre-filed late in the afternoon and the House clerk will number them today.

Conner’s bill and Villagomez’s resolution are being introduced in light of the lawsuit filed by concerned citizen Glen Hunter against the Saipan casino law which was passed without complying with the Open Government Act or OGA.

The Attorney General’s Office and the respective legal counsels of the House and the Senate have asked the court to dismiss Hunter’s lawsuit, saying that the OGA does not apply to the House and the Senate.

Villagomez’s resolution stated that the 18th House passed the vast majority of nearly 200 bills, including the casino measure, in compliance with 24-hour notice rule of the House, but “slightly less than the inapplicable 72-hour OGA notice rule.”

The resolution said amending the House rules to increase the session and meeting notice from 24 to 72 “is not an admission of any kind and will conform more with the spirit of the OGA in that the House rule will mandate even more time for notice than the OGA currently requires.”

The resolution added, “The House rules’ 24-hour notice should be amended to conform to the OGA’s policy of transparency by requiring not just 24-hour notice but 72-hour notice where there is no bona fide emergency.”

According to Conner’s bill, “Consistent with the Legislature’s intention to be transparent and consistent with the sentiment of the CNMI people who voted to pass an initiative that applied OGA to the CNMI Legislature, the Legislature finds, for the record, that the CNMI Legislature has complied with the letter of the OGA completely, by providing notices pursuant to the 24-hour notice provision.”

“However, we are keenly aware that what is generally thought to apply is the 72-hour notice requirement for meetings. Thus, the spirit of OGA was never intentionally violated when the Legislature passed nearly 200 bills in the House alone with only a 24-hour notice,” the bill added.

The bill “will prospectively apply the 72-hour notice requirement that is commonly perceived to be the minimum notice set forth by the OGA to the Legislature.”

But “this is by no means an admission that the acts of the CNMI Legislature violated the OGA,” the bill added.

Marianas Variety


11) Australians to prop up Nauru’s budget

Monday, June 16, 2014

YAREN – Australian taxpayers will chip in more to prop up Nauru’s finances than residents of the tiny Pacific Island nation.

Australia will provide at least $A38million ($F65.7m) for the island government’s annual budget of nearly $A112m ($F193.7m) in 2014/15.

But the local population of 10,000, some of whom will pay income tax for the first time, contribute only $A4m ($F6.9m).

Nauru receives a $A1000-a-month ($F1730) visa fee from Australia for each of the 1100 or so asylum seekers being held at the island’s detention centre.

That’s $13.2m ($F22.8m)for the local Treasury.

It will get another $A5 ($F8.65m) million from resettlement visas for asylum seekers found to be refugees.

So far, Nauru has resettled 41 refugees on a temporary basis until a third country, expected to be Cambodia, agrees to a deal with Australia.

On top of the visa charges, $A20.7m ($F35.8m) comes from Canberra for development assistance.

A $A6000 ($F10,380) business visa fee for expatriate workers will raise $A1.56million ($F2.7m).

That move follows a decision last year to hike the visa fee for journalists from $A200 ($F346) to $A8000 ($F13,840).

High-income earners on Nauru will pay a flat 10 per cent income tax rate from October 1, netting the budget about $4m ($F6.92m).

In a development that does not bode well for the job prospects of newly resettled refugees, Finance Minister David Adeang warns employment on Nauru is “virtually full”.

The government is also experiencing recruitment and wage competition from the private sector — a reference to the detention centre operations which employs 790 Nauruans.

Budget revenue has expanded by 65 per cent since Australia resumed offshore processing two years ago.

Nauru and Australia are in negotiations to finalise a new five-year deal for the detention centre.


12) New Zealand may kick start race to mine the ocean floor

By Online Editor
12:13 pm GMT+12, 16/06/2014, New Zealand

New Zealand decides this week whether to approve an underwater iron-ore operation that would likely become the world’s first commercial metals mine at the bottom of the sea.

A green light to allow New Zealand’s Trans Tasman Resources Ltd to start iron-ore dredging off the country’s west coast will encourage others looking to mine copper, cobalt, manganese and other metals deeper on the ocean floor but worried about regulatory hurdles.

Along the Pacific Rim of Fire, as deep as 6,000 metres underwater, volcano crusts, “black smoker” chimneys and vast beds of manganese nodules hold promise for economic powers like China and Japan as well as many poor island states busy pegging stakes on the ocean floor.

“A lot of people are watching the Trans Tasman Resources outcome,” said Michael Johnston, chief executive of Nautilus Minerals, which is working on a deep-sea project off Papua New Guinea and is also in talks with New Zealand.

Other countries in the Pacific looking at underwater mining include Fiji, Solomon Islands, Tonga and Vanuatu, which have all issued exploration licenses. Cook Islands in the South Pacific plans to put seabed exploration licenses up for bids later this year.

In the 750,000 sq km (290,000 square miles) of territorial waters around the Cook Islands are mineral nodules the size of potatoes to lettuce heads and rich in manganese and cobalt, a resource Imperial College marine geoscientist David Cronan estimates at 10 billion tonnes.

“If only 10 percent of that resource can be recovered it will be one of the largest mineral deposits ever discovered. It is a world class mineral deposit,” says the Cook Islands National Seabed Minerals Policy, approved on June 10.

The push to explore the ocean is gaining momentum as ore grades on land decline and demand grows for metals in high-tech applications, and is more feasible now with the help of technology developed for the deepwater oil and gas industry.

Still, there are technological hurdles and fears among scientists and environmentalists that mining could destroy fragile fisheries and exotic creatures at the bottom of the ocean.

“Deep sea mining is coming faster than the scientific community can monitor it,” said Carlos Duarte, director of the University of Western Australia’s Oceans Institute.

Trans Tasman Resources, which hopes to start mining in 2016, already has a mining licence but needs a marine consent from New Zealand’s Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

The is the EPA’s first test of regulating mining in the country’s territorial waters. Its next is an application from Chatham Rock Phosphate Ltd, seeking to mine phosphate several hundred kilometres off the east coast of the South Island.

Others waiting in the wings include Neptune Minerals, with deep sea tenements covering 175,000 sq km off several South Pacific countries, including New Zealand.

While the world’s biggest miners have no deep sea mining tenements, Anglo American PLC is keeping an eye on underwater prospects with a 5.95 percent stake in Nautilus.

The biggest backers for Nautilus are Omani oilfield services billionaire Mohammed Al Barwani and Russia’s richest tycoon Alisher Usmanov’s Metalloinvest Holding Ltd [MTALIM.UL], who together own 40 percent.

The Canadian company aims to dig up a seafloor massive sulphide deposit, Solwara 1, about 1,600 metres underwater off Papua New Guinea, starting from 2017.

Massive sulphide deposits form around deep sea vents that spurt super hot, acidic water with metals dissolved from the earth’s crust. The metals drop out when the “black smokers” hit the cooler sea water and form rocky chimneys.



13) Gutpela manejmen sistim i nabawan samting long SWF blong PNG

Updated 16 June 2014, 16:01 AEST

Wesley Manuai & Sam Seke

Gutpela manejmen sistim i nabawan samting long kamapim wanpela Sovereign Wealth Fund blong lukautim ol moni i kam long LNG projek blong yusim long taim bihain.

Odio: Wesley Manuai, ABC niusman long Port Moresby i toktok

Strongpela toktok we ibin kamap long wanpela bung blong toktok long sait long economy, em long kantri i mas manejim gut ol moni we i kam long LNG projek long kantri.

Ol man save long sait long Economy ibin toktok long dispela long PNG Economic Update we University blong Papua New Guinea na Australian National University ibin ronim long Port Moresby long Fonde na Friday las wik.

Dispela bung i harim olsem, ol politisan imas noken kontrolim dispela Sovereign Wealth Fund gavman i laik kirapim blong lukautim sampela moni blong LNG projek.

Ol i tok tu olsem gutpela manejmen sistim i mas stap long stopim ol kainkain stil na korap pasin i noken bagarapim dispela fund.

Dispela bung ia i harim tu olsem olgeta kainkain fund olsem ol ibin kirapim long bipo, ol i no karim kaikai long wanem ol i no manejim gutpela na ibin gat politikel interferens na korap pasin i bagarapim ol.

14) Vanuatu bai gat ol niupela na gutpela moa kain yam

Postim 16 June 2014, 15:59 AEST

Hilaire Bule

Wanpela man save blong India long sait long ol yam i pinisim nau ol trening na wok blong em long sait long kamapim ol niupela yam long Vanuatu we save strong long agensim ol kainkain sik blong yam.

Odio: Man save long sait long yam long Vanuatu, Dokta Roger Malapa i toktok

Man blong India i save tumas long sait long ol yam Dokta Kuttolamadathil Abraham ibin stap wanpela mun long trenim na wok wantaim ol staff blong Agrikalsa dipatmen long ailan blong Efate na Santo long wokim dispela wok.

Em ibin go wokim dispela wok long sait long kamapim ol niupela kain yan long Vanuatu aninit long wanpela pprojek blong World Bank.

Man save long sait long yam long Vanuatu, Dokta Roger Malapa i tok projek ia ibim maritim 8,000 long ol seed blong ol kainkain yam blong Vanuatu.

Em itok ol i hop long kamapim samting olsem 4,000 long ol niupela hybrid yam long ol seed we ol i maritim, we i gutpela moa kain yam.

Dr Malapa itok ol niupela kain yam ia bai strongpela long sanap agensim ol sik we i save bagarapim ol yam na tu agensim ol senis we Climate Change i bringim.

Em i tok ol seed we Dr Abraham na tim blongen i mekem bai redi long havestim long mun Oktoba.


15) Brèves d’Australie et du Pacifique – lundi 16 juin 2014

Mis à jour 16 June 2014, 15:16 AEST

Caroline Lafargue

  • Plus 33%: vendredi, les signataires de l’Accord de Nauru ont augmenté les droits de pêche des flottes étrangères.

À partir de 2015, chaque thonier senneur étranger paiera 8000 dollars américains par jour, au lieu de 6000 aujourd’hui. Ce qui rapporterait 370 millions de dollars supplémentaires aux pays de l’Accord de Nauru. Ils estiment également que les 63 millions de dollars de droits de pêche versés par les États-Unis chaque année ne suffisent pas. Des négociations seront organisées à Auckland en juillet. La moitié des thons pêchés dans le monde proviennent des eaux territoriales des pays signataires de l’Accord de Nauru – les États Fédérés de Micronésie, Kiribati, les Îles Marshall, Nauru, Palau, la Papouasie Nouvelle-Guinée, les Îles Salomon et Tuvalu.

  • Papouasie Nouvelle-Guinée: ils ont finalement été enterrés dimanche en grande pompe, 69 ans après leur mort. Ces deux soldats d’élite australiens de la Seconde guerre mondiale ont été tués par les Japonais en avril 1945 sur l’île de Mushu, au large de la côte nord du pays. Ils faisaient partie des 8 Australiens envoyés sur l’île pour vérifier si les Japonais y avaient installé leur artillerie. Ils se sont retrouvés nez à nez avec un millier de soldats japonais. Spencer Walklate et Ronald Eagleton ont été capturés, torturés et tués. L’armée australienne a finalement découvert leurs restes l’année dernière sur l’île de Kairuru. Les deux soldats reposent désormais aux côtés de 3000 autres Australiens dans le cimetière militaire de Bomana, à Port-Moresby.
  • Kava: l’Australie va-t-elle imiter l’Allemagne ? La semaine dernière la cour administrative fédérale allemande a levé la prohibition du kava, estimant qu’il n’y avait pas de preuve de sa toxicité sur le foie. À Pentecôte, l’association Huhugaituvwa espère que l’Australie elle aussi va lever son interdiction des importations de kava. L’association a racheté le Kava store  du principal producteur de kava fin 2013. « La diaspora des insulaires du Pacifique en Australie adore le kava. J’espère que l’Australie va ouvrir son marché », a déclaré la directrice de l’association, Rosemary Leona, sur la radio néo-zélandaise internationale.
  • Papouasie indonésienne: les ONG de défense des droits de l’homme du monde entier demandent à nouveau l’accès aux deux provinces. Elles sont réunies en ce moment à Genève, au conseil des droits de l’homme de l’ONU. Les militants exigent de l’Indonésie qu’elle accepte l’envoi d’émissaires de l’ONU pour vérifier s’il y a oui ou non des violations des droits de l’homme. Selon Norman Voss, de la Coalition Internationale pour la Papouasie occidentale, 79 indépendantistes papoues sont toujours prisonniers politiques. Il dénonce aussi des cas de torture.
  • Vanuatu: des infirmières affirment être menacées d’expulsion. Elles ne peuvent pas payer leur loyer. Et pour cause, le ministère de la Santé ne leur a pas versé leur salaire depuis plus d’un an. Le ministère n’a pas tenu sa promesse de tout régler en mars. Et selon l’association des infirmières du Vanuatu, « beaucoup d’infirmières ont été mises à pied parce qu’elles ont osé se plaindre. Les autres ont peur », explique Teppie Fred, leur porte-parole, sur la radio néo-zélandaise internationale.
  • Un petit cadeau pré-électoral. À Fidji, le gouvernement accorde une augmentation de salaire de 5% aux employés de l’industrie sucrière. Une augmentation rétroactive jusqu’à janvier 2014. Franck Bainimarama a précisé ce week-end que ce n’était pas une subvention, juste une façon de reconnaître le dur travail des employés de l’industrie sucrière. Les syndicats avaient menacé d’entrer en grève en juillet si les salaires n’étaient pas revalorisés. Les employés de l’industrie sucrière ont en effet perdu 40% de leur pouvoir d’achat ces 7 dernières années.
  • Les baleines à bosse sont toujours en danger dans le Pacifique. Selon le Consortium de Recherche sur les Baleines du Pacifique Sud, il en reste 4000 dans notre région. C’est bien mieux qu’il y a 50 ans, quand la chasse à la baleine était encore autorisée. Mais ce n’est pas suffisant, estiment les conservationnistes. L’association de scientifiques dispose d’un catalogue de photos et de profils ADN des baleines, patiemment constitué depuis 20 ans, ce qui permet d’identifier les baleines. Le prochain recensement est prévu en 2016.
  • Îles Cook: les taxes anti-tabac donnent des résultats. Pas de paquet neutre, ni de grande campagne de sensibilisation. Non, le gouvernement applique la méthode la plus simple et la plus efficace : l’augmentation des taxes. +100% sur 3 ans. Résultat : une baisse des ventes de 20 à 25%. Le revenu de la taxe sert à financer des cliniques de sevrage, et les médicaments d’aide à l’arrêt du tabac.

16) Pacifique-Nord: le continent de plastique, à l’origine du « plastiglomérat »

Mis à jour 16 June 2014, 15:16 AEST

Caroline Lafargue

Le Capitaine Moore prépare son expédition annuelle vers le continent de plastique. Il sera sur place en juillet pour analyser les déchets.

Le continent, d’une surface de 700 000 kilomètres carrés flotte dans le Pacifique nord. Il est invisible par satellite, il faut être sur un bateau pour le voir. Il a été découvert en 1988 par le capitaine Charles Moore, de l’Institut de Recherches Marines Aligalita, basé en Californie.

Concrètement, ce n’est pas une plaque continue de déchets de plastique. Il y a quelques gros déchets, mais la majeure partie de cette soupe est composée de morceaux de plastique d’un diamètre inférieur à 5 mm.

Lors des dernières expéditions, l’équipe du capitaine Charles Moore a retrouvé en moyenne deux déchets de plastique dans l’estomac de 35% des poissons qu’elle a pêchés sur le continent de plastique. Le plastique ainsi ingéré, et toxique, remonte la chaîne alimentaire. Cette année, Charles Moore a un objectif bien précis :

« J’ai vu des récifs de coraux pousser sur ce continent de plastique, et ils attirent forcément les poissons, qui se nourrissent de corail contaminé. Donc nous voulons montrer que ce continent a les mêmes caractéristiques qu’un littoral. C’est l’hypothèse que nous voulons vérifier : ce continent de plastique, c’est une succession de piscines naturelles, mais au milieu de l’océan. »

La semaine dernière, le projet de Boyan Slat a fait la une de tous les media mondiaux. Ce jeune Néerlandais de 19 ans, futur ingénieur aéronautique, a imaginé un système pour aspirer les déchets de plastique concentrés par les tourbillons d’océan. Une espèce d’entonnoir géant. L’étude de faisabilité a été bouclée la semaine dernière. Boyan Slat affirme pouvoir nettoyer l’océan Pacifique de la moitié de ses déchets en dix ans, soit 70 millions de kilos. Charles Moore, lui, juge le projet irréalisable. Il estime qu’il faudrait 70 000 ans pour se débarrasser de ces déchets. Charles Moore :

« Boyan Slat ne prend pas en compte le fait que ces micros morceaux de plastiques sont dispersés dans la colonne d’eau. Eux ils veulent nettoyer la surface de l’eau. Ils ont inventé des filtres performants. Mais si vous étudiez leur projet, ils ont inventé leur système comme s’il s’agissait d’aspirer des déchets dans un lac. De mon point de vue, les conditions moyennes dans l’océan, ce sont des creux de 10 mètres et des vents de 30 nœuds. Donc je ne pense pas que la dépollution de l’océan soit possible, il est tout simplement trop vaste. Je crois qu’il faut plutôt fermer le robinet, arrêter de produire du plastique. »

Le continent de plastique a des conséquences sur les côtes hawaïennes. La semaine dernière la géologue canadienne Patricia Corcoran, de l’université de l’ouest de l’Ontario, a publié les résultats de ses recherches sur les roches de plastique qui pullulent sur les côtes hawaïennes. C’est Charles Moore qui lui a suggéré de s’intéresser au phénomène :

« Patricia Corcoran a trouvé des centaines de rochers. Le plastique sert de colle qui agglomère ces roches. Il se pourrait que ces roches soient de la lave des volcans hawaïens, qui se solidifie en entrant dans l’océan. La chaleur fait fondre le plastique qui flotte au large des côtes. Ça pourrait être aussi les gens qui font des feux sur les plages. En tout cas la chaleur fait fusionner le plastique avec les roches. C’est un nouvel effet intolérable de notre empreinte plastique. Le plastique de ces roches à Hawaï provient bien du vortex des déchets du Pacifique nord. »

Charles Moore, le découvreur du continent de plastique, au micro de Brian Abbott sur Radio Australie.

Le magazine Futura-Sciences appelle ces roches inédites des « plastiglomérats ». Patricia Corcoran a retrouvé des morceaux de brosses à dents, de fourchettes, etc.m dans ces nouvelles roches, « qui pourraient perdurer au fil des temps géologiques », précise Futura-Sciences.


17) 13 planes vanish from radars over Europe

The Telegraph
Monday, June 16, 2014

AN air-safety investigation has been launched after 13 planes flying over Europe disappeared from radar screens in two “unprecedented” blackouts, leading to reports stating air traffic control systems had been hacked.

The aircraft went missing from screens across the region in early June, leaving air traffic controllers with no information about their position, direction and height — instead relying on voice communication alone.

Air traffic control centres in Austria, southern Germany, the Czech Republic and Slovakia all reported the same problem with each period of interference lasting about 25 minutes but varying from flight to flight.

Marcus Pohanka, from Austro Control, described the incidents, which occurred on June 5 and June 10 as “unprecedented,” although the authorities stressed that all the aircraft involved continued with their flights as normal.

Concerns over air safety and radar have been heightened since the disappearance of a Malaysian Airlines flight in March.

In the June 5 incident, 10 aircraft disappeared from radar screens while on June 10, a further three went missing.

On each occasion, Austrian authorities brought in more controllers in order to talk with the aircraft and maintain order.

“Planes disappeared from screens for a matter of seconds, here and there. The outages were sporadic and not grave,” said a spokesman for German air-traffic control. “It must have been an external source of disruption. We are trying to identify the causes.”

Der Kurier, an Austrian newspaper, suggested that a targeted cyber attack may have caused the disappearances.

18) Meth pours into USA as liquid

Monday, June 16, 2014

IN methamphetamine’s seedy underworld, traffickers are disguising the drug as a liquid to smuggle it into the United States from Mexico.

Dissolved in a solution, it’s sealed in tequila bottles or plastic detergent containers to fool border agents and traffic officers. Once deep in California’s Central Valley, a national distribution hub, meth cooks convert it into crystals — the most sought-after form on the street.

Tough policing has driven the highly toxic super-labs south of the border where meth is manufactured outside the sight of US law enforcement, but the smaller conversion labs are popping up domestically in neighbourhoods, such as one in Fresno where a house exploded two years ago.


19) Vanuatu health official admits struggle to meet wage bill

16 June 2014
Vanuatu’s acting Director General of Health admits some nurses have not been paid for months, but says the Ministry does not have the money.

The Ministry of Health committed to paying the outstanding wages in March but many nurses say they still have not received anything.

Dr Santos Wari says the Ministry is trying to do its best with the funds it has available.

Yes we know there are a few nurses who have not been paid over a period of time because of a cash situation with the Ministry of Health. It’s not fair to put that kind of claim on the Ministry of Health while we are trying to do our best with what we have to run the services.

That is the Acting Director General of Health in Vanuatu, Dr Santos Wari.

He also rejects claims by the Vanuatu Nurses Association that nurses who have complained over unpaid wages have been threatened by Ministry staff.Radio NZ


20) UN in sorcery issues

Post Courier/Pacnews
Monday, June 16, 2014

PORT MORESBY – The office of the United Nations High Commission on Refugees (UNHCR) says approaches to addressing sorcery related violence must be holistic and happen concurrently as part of a comprehensive program.

Human Rights Adviser Signe Poulsen attending a two-day workshop in Port Moresby which started on Thursday says the UNHR office has raised concerns about violence against individuals accused of sorcery and witchcraft.

Poulsen pointed out some recommendations by the UN Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women or CEDAW and three UN Special Rapporteurs that visited PNG in recent years and findings from the Human Rights Adviser’s unit in PNG, focusing particularly on justice responses to sorcery related violence.

He re-emphasised these proposals on dealing with sorcery related violence that suggests a holistic approach to addressing this violence.

“First, there must be an end to impunity for those who incite or commit acts of violence against individuals accused of sorcery and witchcraft. Crimes must be effectively and immediately investigated and the perpetrators brought to justice in fair trials. This will send a strong signal that violent responses are unacceptable. However, while we support strong measures against perpetrators, we do not believe that the death penalty is an effective measure. It is rather the certainty that perpetrators will be apprehended and dealt with through sound judicial processes that will serve as a deterrent,” he told the workshop.

He said government, in collaboration with civil society partners, should put in place emergency procedures to rescue and resettle women who are at risk of suffering sorcery-related violence in their communities.


21) Registration rejected

Nasik Swami
Monday, June 16, 2014

THE proposed Fiji United Freedom Party intends to seek further clarification with the registrar of political parties following the rejection of its application to register as a political party last week.

Confirming this, the proposed party’s president Jagath Karunaratne said his team was adamant to get the proposed party registered.

“Yes, we received a letter from them on Friday and in fact it is to do with the invalid voter IDs and some names appearing in other parties,” Mr Karunaratne said.

“We are seeking clarifications further, we want to go and check where the anomalies are but at the moment the people are on the ground collecting some more signatures so we are looking at basically finding out the options that we have — whether we can continue with the current registration process or we have to resubmit the whole thing,” he said.

“But whatever it takes, we are coined to do whatever it takes to get it submitted again.”

Mr Karunaratne said the proposed party was doing everything to register the proposed party.

He said the proposed party had a bit of a history behind its formation which would be revealed after its registration.

Registrar of political parties Mohammed Saneem said that during the analysis of the application last Friday, it was discovered that the applicant did not provide the minimum required number of member.

Mr Saneem said of the 5489 signatures provided with the application, only 3822 members were valid for the purposes of the application.Fijitimes

22) EU declines Fiji’s election observers invite

By Online Editor
5:38 pm GMT+12, 16/06/2014, Fiji

The European Union will not be part of the observers group for Fiji’s 2014 Election.

This is after they turned down an invitation from the Fijian Government as it would require them to be part of the Multinational Observer Group (MOG) which is against the established rules of EU’s electoral observation.

In an email to the FijiLive, Johnny Engell-Hansen, EU Deputy Head of Delegation, confirmed they had been invited to send one expert to be part of the MOG headed by Australia.

“However, the established rules of EU electoral observation do not allow EU observers to be embedded in a multinational mission nor to operate under the leadership of any third party,” he said.

The EU says its Election Observation Missions must be completely independent and cannot work under the direction of anyone else, be it Australia or any other country or organisation

As a result, Engell-Hansen says the EU will rely on its own internal experts as well as take into account the MOG’s evaluation to assess the credibility of Fiji’s September 17 election.

The EU has always maintained it will only resume its bilateral aid programme with Fiji on the basis of a credible, free and fair September 17 election.

In their last assessment of Fiji in September last year, the EU extended the Cotonou Article 96 special measures it had put in place in 2007 for another 18 months.

The EU is expected to review these measures on Fiji around March 2015.

Meanwhile, Fijians living in Australia who are yet to register for the upcoming general election are requested to make the most of the last chance to register from this Thursday to next week Thursday.

They are requested to contact the Fiji High Commission in Canberra and the Consul General office in Sydney as the final round of registration will be from June 19 to 26.

Acting Head of Mission Cheryl Brown- Irava said the Fiji High Commission in Australia and Fiji Consulate General office in Sydney are assisting the Fiji Elections Office. The final round of Overseas Voter Registrations for Fijian citizens will commence in the Australian Capital Territory and will take in New South Wales, Queensland, Northern Territory, Victoria and Western Australia.

Brown- Irava said the High Commission and Consulate General office in Sydney are committed to assisting the Fiji Elections Office in reaching and registering as many Fiji Citizens who would like to vote in Fiji’s 2014 Elections.

“As this will be the last chance for Fijian citizens to register in Australia, all eligible voters are urged to make use of this opportunity,” she said.

Applicants must be at least 18 years of age and bring with them their Valid Fiji Passport in order to register, regardless of a person’s immigration status in Australia (only a valid Fiji passport is required).

Staff of the High Commission and Consulate will also be on hand to offer consular advice and assist with Fiji passport applications for renewals/replacement/new passports, dual citizenship enquiries, as well as Fiji birth, death & marriage certificates.


23) Fiji’s voter awareness campaign launched

By Online Editor
5:42 pm GMT+12, 16/06/2014, Fiji

Fiji’s voter awareness campaign was launched Monday as the country moves towards democratic election on 17 September.

Chairman of Electoral Commission, Chen Bunn Young today addressed representatives of political parties, NGOS and members of the public who witnessed the launch of the Voter Information Guide.

“Today marks the official launching of the Fijian Elections office for this campaign. This is done as a result of one of the constitutional obligations of the Electoral Commission in order to carry out voter education.

The information in these materials will soon go out in the different mediums. This will be seen on television, newspaper advertisement and heard on radio programs, public mocks on polling and Fijian Election office website to name a few,” Bunn said.

The Electoral Commission believes that voter education is as important as the act of voting, he said.

“In fact, it can hardly be doubted that the most important stakeholder in an election are the voters themselves. To this end, the informative materials are designed to inform the Fijian public in an easy step by step manner and seek to explain: Who can vote, how you can vote, When can you vote, where can you vote and what happens to your vote,” he explained.

Meanwhile, a 23-member delegation from the Elections Office is on its way to the Lau Group to start the first round of voter awareness programme. The delegation which left Suva on Sunday will also carry out voter registration.

Voter registration and education started in Moala today.

The teams will move around 70 villages through all the islands.

Elections officials will also inspect the venues and assess logistics as some of the islands have been planned for pre-polling stations.

Another delegation will travel to the Lomaiviti Group to conduct similar exercises.

The education teams are made up of eight members while voter registration teams have fifteen members.

24) Do not let them deceive you – Bainimarama- Do not let them deceive you, read our constitution and see for yourself what the government has done over the past seven years. Those are the words of FijiFirst Leader, Voreqe Bainimarama as he launched the party’s headquarters at Brown Street in Suva. Bainimarama has rejected suggestions by political parties who are saying that itaukei land is under threat. He said this is not the case and some parties are just trying to deceive the people to get votes.—Bainimarama-k9r52s/\

25) FijiFirst finalising manifesto- The FijiFirst party led by Voreqe Frank Bainimarama is finalizing its manifesto. The party was officially launched in Suva yesterday afternoon. Bainimarama also revealed his party policies saying a major focus is land issues, and equal distribution of wealth.

26) NFP lays out vision- National Federation Party leader, Professor Biman Prasad says Fiji can have a quality of life to rival New Zealand’s. Prasad has outlined his vision in a speech to Rotarians in Suva saying it is within Fiji’s grasp to do better than New Zealand by 2030. He says by 2030 it will be a free nation, absolutely confident in its diversity, celebrating it and reaping the benefits of growth. –

27) Fiji SODELPA Party Releases List Of Candidates
Veteran politicians to contest September elections

SUVA, Fiji (Fijilive, June 14, 2014) – Fiji’s Social Democratic Liberal Party (SODELPA) today announced 44 of their nominations for candidates to contest the September 17 election under its banner.

The nominees were unveiled today in Suva and endorsed by members present.

SODELPA nomination for candidates to be submitted to the Fijian Elections Office: Ro Teimumu Kepa, Rt Viliame Tagivetaua, Rt Naiqama Lalabalavu, Josefa Dulakiverata, Rt Suliano Matanitobua, Mikaele Leawere, Kiniviliame Kiliraki, Luke Ratuvuki, Nanise Nagusuca, Rt Viliame Niumataiwalu, Anare Jale, Anare Vadei, Rt Sela Nanovo, Rt Isoa Tikoca, Viliame Gavoka, Sitiveni Loco, Niko Nawaikula, Jeremaia Namuaira, Rt Osea Bolawaqatabu, Simione Drole, Iosefo Nainima, Rt Jone Kubuabola, Dr Tupeni Baba, Pio Tabaiwalu, Dr Mere Samisoni, Losena Salabula, Tomasi Vakatora, Salote Radrodro, Penina Ravulo, Mitieli Bulunauca, Laisani Qaqanilawa, Parayame Cakacaka, Semesa Karavaki, Samu Saumatua, Simione Rasova, Rt Jone Bouwalu, Marika Lewaqai, Rt Nemia Vainitoba, Viliame Satala, Mick Beddoes, Abdul Sahim Cavalevu, Sushil Shudhkar, Nirmal Singh, and George Shiu Raj.

Six more names will be released later.



28) Indonesia remains sensitive over West Papua – The journalist who revealed Indonesia’s move to pull out of a New Zealand-funded police training programme in West Papua says he believes political sensitivity is behind the decision. The story in the Jakarta Globe newspaper quotes a high-ranking Indonesian police officer saying the Indonesian government stopped the programme amid concerns about New Zealand’s hidden motives. Harry Pearl, who co-wrote the article, says he can only speculate about the real reasons. But he says Indonesia remains very sensitive about activities in the province.

29) Fiji Elections Office Releases Guidelines For Media Registration
All reporters, organizations must be accredited to cover election

SUVA, Fiji (Fijilive, June 13, 2014) – The Fijian Elections Office has released registration forms for media organisations to cover the September 17 election.

In a statement, the FEO says accreditation is necessary to provide media access to electoral areas including polling stations at the 2014 elections.

In order to obtain accreditation from the FEO, media representatives and organisations must agree to follow internationally recognised standards of conduct.

The FEO also issued five conditions it deemed as essential including that the media person and organisations must be registered with the Fijian Media Industry Development Authority (MIDA) prior to applying for accreditation from the FEO.

They must respect the sovereignty of the country, respect and adhere to the laws of Fiji and the rules of its election management body.

They must also not give instructions to electoral administrators or interfere with the internal government operations of Fiji.

Media representatives and organisations are also not to interfere with the work of electoral administrators.

In the event they observe what they may consider to be a breach of law or procedure, they must inform the Supervisor of Elections (SOE) and no other person.

No photographs, footage, or audio can be taken unless the express permission of the Supervisor of Elections or his delegate is sought.

No interviews are to be conducted in a polling station or with any staff of a polling station.

The FEO also emphasized on reporting the facts and avoid generalising on the basis of limited observations.

It further says accreditation identity must also be worn by media representatives at all times and must be provided to Electoral or any other State authority when requested.


30) Media Are Watch Dogs To Uphold Good Governance: Editor
Samoa Observer’s Keni Lesa addresses journalist training

By Moffat Mamu

HONIARA, Solomon Islands (Solomon Star, June 13, 2014) – Media have an important role to play as a watch dog to uphold good governance by reporting on corrupt practices in the region.

Samoan Observer Editor Keni Lesa was speaking to the regional participants of the business/economic reporting training yesterday at the National University of Samoa in Apia.

He said a strong media working is part of promoting democracy in the region and reporters must do their job effectively to address corruption in the respective regional countries.

“This is part of promoting democracy and good governance in your own countries,” he said.

He said as a media organization his team also faces a lot of challenges when reporting on corruption.

The editor said access to information and cultural connections between the people remains a challenge in trying to report bad practices in Samoa.

“But we manage to do our job effectively if we have the right information.”

He challenged the regional reporters to continue with their good by working closely with the Ombudsman office and audit office to access information and vice versa.

“It’s always important to work closely with some of the authorities like the Ombudsman and the auditing office to address corruption,” he said.

Solomon Star


31) Economic empowerment for Solomons’ women

16 June 2014

A saving scheme for women in Gizo in Solomon Islands has been set up to help improve their economic status and help them establish their own businesses.

The Women’s Saving Club was developed as the micro-finance component of a fisheries project, which looks at ways the income and food security of the fishing communities can be improved in Gizo.

It is funded by WWF Australia, Australian Aid and John West Australia.

The WWF Solomon Islands country manager, Shannon Seeto says 500 women have already started saving and contributed a total of 11,000 US dollars.

He says the next phase of the project will begin in July, when the women will be taught how to set up small businesses and basic accounting.

They’re the ones who really look after their families. They think about the future, and the challenges for women regarding finances to look after the finances. I think it’s important for the women to have this opportunity, it just provides them with empowerment to manage their own funds to use their own funds to what their needs are.

The Solomon Islands WWF country manager, Shannon Seeto.Radio NZ

32) Fiji Airways launches direct Suva-Apia flights

By Online Editor
5:43 pm GMT+12, 16/06/2014, Samoa

Fiji Airways, begins its first direct Suva-Apia service on Monday June 16, utilising Fiji Link’s brand new ATR 72-600 aircraft.

The start of the twice weekly services mean the airline now offers six flights a week between Fiji and Samoa. The launch was marked at an event in Apia, where Samoan Prime Minister Tuilaepa Sailele Malielegaoi was chief guest.

Stefan Pichler, Fiji Airways Group Managing Director and CEO commented: “We’re delighted to be able to introduce the new and direct services between the two Pacific Capitals. This will greatly benefit tertiary students studying the University campuses in Suva and Apia, as well as the business community in Samoa as well as in Fiji. It is our aim to develop Suva as a key business hub in the region, and increase travel and trade in the South Pacific.”

“Our Five Year Master Plan highlights our commitment and underscores our desire to remain the leading network airline in the region. We are targeting growing our capacity in this region by almost 87%, and the Suva-Apia services are a key part of that plan.”

The direct Suva-Apia flights will be a short-haul service of 2 hours 30 minutes, operating overnight. Flights depart Suva at 10pm on Mondays and Fridays, arriving into Apia at 1:30am the next morning. The Apia-Suva service departs Apia at 2:30am on Tuesdays and Saturdays, arriving in the Fijian capital at 4:20am.
Fiji Airways will offer eight Business Class seats on Suva-Apia-Suva flights operated by the ATR 72. Bookings can be done on

The airline also offers five flights a week from Nadi to Apia, one of which is a continuation flight to Hawaii.

33) Pacific states move to increase tuna fishing fees– Pacific nations are planning to sharply increase fees charged to foreign tuna fleets. Pacific island nations have announced plans to dramatically increase the fees they charge tuna fishing boats for the right to enter their waters, saying it will boost revenue and help conservation efforts. Around half the world’s skipjack tuna, the most commonly canned variety, is caught in waters belonging to an eight-nation group known as the Parties to the Nauru Agreement (PNA), which opened its annual meeting in Majuro today.  Much of the fishing is conducted by so-called “distant water” fleets from as far afield as Europe, the United States, China, South Korea, Japan and Taiwan, who pay $US6,000 a day for the privilege. Marshall Islands President Christopher Loeak says a plan by PNA nations to lift the day rate to $10,000 in 2015 will help them improve management of a vital natural resource and ensure it is sustainable. He says the fee system has allowed Pacific nations to increase earnings from their tuna fisheries from $60 million in 2010 to more than $240 million last year. The PNA has shown how valuable the tuna resource is,” Mr Loeak said.  “The need for enhanced, closer cooperation has never been more crucial if we want to continue reaping economic gains from our tuna resources.”  The PNA allocates 50,000 fishing days a year to tuna boats, with demand high from both international and local operators. The PNA comprises Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Palau, Federated States of Micronesia, Kiribati, Nauru, Tuvalu and Marshall Islands.

34) Fijian Labour Minister hold talks with ILO Director General

By Online Editor
09:56 am GMT+12, 16/06/2014, Switzerland

Fijian Minister for Labour, Jone Usamate had a fruitful meeting with the International Labour Organisation (ILO) Director-General, Guy Ryder in Geneva on Friday.

During the meeting the Minister assured Ryder, that Fiji was committed to the principles of the decent and productive work that was the hallmark of the ILO.

The meeting took place at the margins of the International Labour Conference, where Fiji was represented by a tripartite Delegation that included Workers Representative, Daniel Urai and Employers Representative, Harvey Probert.

The Minister was pleased to note that the historic protocol and recommendation on Forced Labour had been agreed during the Conference. This was a significant achievement and it will have a significant impact in addressing the plight of those who suffer from this scourge.

The ILO Director-General expressed his appreciation that work on the September 17 national elections had progressed well, and that discussions on the ILO Direct Contacts Mission to Fiji were progressing well.

The contacts mission of the ILO will be visiting Fiji shortly after the elections in September 2014.

The Minister took the time to also inform  Ryder of the regional work that Fiji was doing in partnerships with other Pacific countries.

“We have just finished the final draft of the Papua New Guinea Occupational Safety & Health Bill, and a copy of this was presented to the PNG Secretary for the Department of Labour; Mr George Vaso in Geneva. We are now looking at progressing our assistance to Kiribati in the area of Labour Inspection,” said the Minister.

The Director-General congratulated the Minister for Fiji’s willingness to be of assistance to other Pacific Island nations.

The ILO Director-General was also informed that Fiji had just completed the review of the Employment Relations Promulgation 2007 (ERP) and that this has been possible through robust social dialogue with workers and employers reps, through a total of 38 one-day discussion meetings conducted over a 2 year period.

Ryder advised the Minister that he was pleased with the positive social dialogue in Fiji, and he hopes that the direct contacts mission will achieve the desired outcomes for all parties.


35) PNG PM fails to turn up to answer fraud questions

16 June 2014
Papua New Guinea’s Prime Minister, Peter O’Neill, has failed to present himself to police after being served an arrest warrant in relation to a major fraud case.

PNG Loop says the warrant gave Mr O’Neill the opportunity to voluntarily present himself at the police fraud office for questioning, but he refused to do so, saying the warrant is suspicious and based on false allegations.

The warrant is in relation to to alleged unlawful payments of 29 million US dollars in state funds to a law firm led by Paul Paraka.

The Prime Minister is alleged to have signed a letter authorising some of the payments, but he claims his signature was forged.

The editor of PNG Loop, Titi Gabi, says Mr O’Neill’s lawyers have turned up at court to try and seek an injunction, with a possibility that a special hearing could be held later tonight.Radio NZ

36) PNG’s Top Cop Sentenced To 7 Months For Contempt
Commissioner Kulunga remains free on bail pending appeal

By Jacob Pok

PORT MORESBY, Papua New Guinea (PNG Post-Courier, June 16, 2014) – Police Commissioner Tom Kulunga was sentenced to seven months imprisonment last Friday by the National Court on each of the three contempt charges he was facing.

Deputy Chief Justice Gibbs Salika handed down the decision in a court room packed with anxious lawyers, police officers, family members and relatives.

Lawyers for Mr Kulunga immediately filed a bail application in the afternoon after the conviction and successfully obtained a K10,000 bail late in the night at around 9pm at the Waigani National Court.

The bail was granted on the basis that there was a pending application against the conviction.

A relieved Mr Kulunga told journalists after his bail that he appreciated the court’s decision for granting him bail and would look forward to the application against his conviction.

The court decision was made following an unsuccessful Supreme Court bid by Mr Kulunga to stop the contempt proceedings.

Justice Salika in a 14-page judgment found that Mr Kulunga’s actions were directly in breach of the Court Orders and amounted to contempt. The orders Mr Kulunga breached were issued in 2012 by Justice Nicolas Kirriwom for Mr Kulunga to reinstate former deputy police commissioner for operations Geoffrey Vaki to the constabulary. Mr Kulunga had told the court during his allocatus that he did not deliberately disobey the court orders and that the court’s decision had assisted him to see where he had erred.

“I took into account what he says on his allocatus,” Justice Salika said in his decision.

“He says he was not aware of the error affecting his decision. But that is why he has an in house legal team to seek their advice before making his decision.

“It is not a good excuse to come to this court and inform this court that he was not aware of the error.

“In other words, ignorance of the police disciplinary process and procedure is and should not be an excuse for the Commissioner of Police of Papua New Guinea.”

Justice Salika said the commissioner responsible had no choice but to reinstate Mr Vaki pursuant to the court order.

“I however acknowledge his immense contribution to the Royal Papua New Guinea Constabulary and to the country as a whole.

“He has risen through the rank and file over the 40 years to become the Commissioner of Police, the highest post in the PNG Police Force.”

However he said the judicial power that the courts wield and exercise is the judicial power of the people of Papua New Guinea as stipulated under section 158 (1) of the Constitution.

“This means that when the courts make decisions they are exercising the judicial powers of the people. The courts have the authority to make those decisions as empowered by the constitution.

“Therefore parties in court proceedings are bound by the decision of the court,” Justice Salika said.

“I consider this non-compliance of the court orders in this case to be a serious dereliction of duty at the highest level, a serious insult and disrespect to the authority of the court orders, thereby brining the administration of justice into disrepute.

“It has the tendency to diminish respect and authority of the entire National Judicial System.”

PNG Post-Courier


37) Expect cool nights: Weather office

Monday, June 16, 2014

Update: 8:10PM PEOPLE in most parts of the country can expect cool nights in the days ahead.

In its outlook for Wednesday, the National Weather Forecasting Centre has forecast brief showers over the interior and Eastern parts of the larger islands, with cool conditions at night.

The minimum temperature that people can expect in most parts of the country is 17 degrees.

Suva, for example, has been experiencing cool nights for the past few days, with the chilly weather conditions being experienced from late in the afternoon.Fijitimes

38) National Bio-diversity day discusses threats to plants & animals – The Permanent Secretary for Environment and Housing, Samuela Namosimalua said many of our culturally and economically important plants and animals are now threatened. Speaking at the National Bio-diversity day celebrations today, Namosimalua stressed that logging in high quantities is one of the major causes of this issue. He said soil erosion as a result of intense logging and other unsustainable practices is affecting our water catchment areas.–animals–s5r2k9/

39) Oceania’s Humpback Whale Population Slowly Recovering
Consortium estimates 5,000 individuals, up 37% from low point

NUKU‘ALOFA, Tonga (Matangi Tonga, June 13, 2014) – Oceania’s Humpback whale population is slowly recovering, according to an assessment by the South Pacific Whale Research Consortium (SPWRC).

They believe there are about 5,000 whales in the vast region, a 37% increase since 1966 when the Humpback whale population was close to extinction.

The Humpback population in Oceania is believed to have once numbered more than 14,000 and it is estimated that it will take at least another three decades before the population has fully recovered.

“There may have been fewer than 40 mature females surviving in this vast region after the catastrophic programme of illegal Soviet whaling in the early 1960s,” stated Scott Baker, a Consortium member and Scientific Delegate to the International Whaling Commission.

The South Pacific Whale Research Consortium was formed 15 years ago by independent scientists to investigate the status of Humpback whales and other whale species in Oceania.

The consortium monitors the recovery of humpback whales. It assesses photo-identification records and genetic samples from more than 2,000 individual whales and tracks the migratory movements of Humpback whales from eastern Australia, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Tonga, American Samoa and Samoa, the Cook Islands and French Polynesia.

Matangi Tonga Magazine

40) Pacific Leaders Criticize Australia’s Climate Change Stance
‘Conservative alliance’ will isolate Canberra further

MELBOURNE, Australia (Radio Australia, June 16, 2014) – Pacific leaders have criticised Australia’s moves to form a conservative international climate change alliance, saying it will only isolate Australia further in the Pacific.

The comments from the presidents of Kiribati and Marshall Islands came as Australian Prime Minister Tony Abbott met US President Barrack Obama for formal talks in Washington.

Mr Obama raised US concerns about energy efficiency and climate change with Mr Abbott, and argued for them to be on the G20 summit agenda when leaders meet in Australia later this year.

But Mr Obama also conceded the Australian Government did have a mandate for its ‘direct action’ policy towards tackling emissions.

During a visit to Ottawa earlier in the week, climate change policy was also the focus of talks between Mr Abbott and his Canadian counterpart, Stephen Harper.

Both prime ministers said efforts to control climate change could not be allowed to impact on economies and jobs.

Mr Abbott also flagged he wanted to forge an alliance of like-minded centre-right governments to resist global moves towards carbon pricing, and in favour of more ‘direct action’ measures.

But Kiribati’s President Anote Tong says climate change is an issue of survival for Pacific Island states, not just economics.

“We’re not talking about the growth GDP, we’re not talking about what it means in terms of profit and losses of the large corporations, we’re talking about our survival,” he told Radio Australia’s Pacific Beat

Australia further isolated in Pacific

Mr Tong also says the Abbott-Harper strategy throws previous regional agreements to which Australia was a signatory into doubt.

He says Australia’s stand is also likely to get “some, if not a lot” of attention at next month’s Pacific Island Forum leaders’ meeting in Palau.

Mr Tong says as far as Kiribati is concerned, it now doesn’t matter what Australia or any other country does because it is already too late.

“What will happen in terms of greenhouse gas emissions levels agreed to internationally will not affect us, because our future is already here… we will be underwater,” he said.

The President of Marshall Islands, Christopher Loeak, is somewhat less pessimistic about his low-lying nation’s future, saying he hasn’t given up hope that the world will come together to act on climate change.

But he is equally critical of Mr Abbott’s desire for a global conservative alliance to resist carbon trading, saying it will only isolate Australia further in the Pacific.

“I’m very concerned that the prime minister is setting the wrong tone in what needs to be a very determined effort to tackle climate change,” Mr Loeak said.

“Prime Minister Abbott’s comments on Monday with Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper are a further indication that Australia is isolating itself on this issue.”

He has also joined Mr Tong in praising recent US moves for a new deal on climate change, including plans for a drastic cut to American power station emissions.

“I think it’s a very humane gesture on the part of Obama to make sweeping announcements about his intentions to halt climate change emissions,” Mr Loeak said.

“We see all the time the problem is getting worse, but we don’t want to lose hope.

“We believe that there are still opportunities to curb this problem and we look forward to working with the world community to talk about it, and to do anything we can to help them to do something about climate change.”

Radio Australia

41) Great Pacific Garbage Patch puts fish on ‘plastic diet’

By Online Editor
12:02 pm GMT+12, 16/06/2014, United States

Researchers are about to head to the Great Pacific Garbage Patch to spend a month analysing the huge build-up of rubbish that’s polluting the ocean.

The patch, also known as the Pacific Trash Vortex, was discovered in 1988 by Captain Charles Moore of the Algalita Marine Research Institute in California.

Since then, the patch has grown in size and is estimated to be at least 700,000 square kilometres.

“We’re dealing with more than just a little bit of rubbish out there in a few places in the ocean,” Captain Moore told Radio Australia’s Pacific Beat.

The patch is located in the North Pacific Ocean and is made up of huge concentrations of plastic waste and sludge.

“We are trying to tell people what’s going on.”

Captain Moore says marine life is feeding on the garbage patch, effectively putting organisms of the ocean on a plastic diet.

“35 per cent of the fish that we caught out there had an average of two pieces of plastic in their stomach,” he said.

“We’re dealing with a new phenomenon. Really, a new habitat that is unknown in the history of the planet.”

Computer modelling also suggested debris washed out to sea from the 2011 tsunami also drifted towards the vortex.

“This is sort of humanity’s footstep in the ocean. We do want to make humanity aware that they are having a plastic footprint on the planet”

Captain Moore and his team will head to the ocean garbage patch in early July.



42) Sports fields, multi-purpose courts in progress

Salaseini Moceiwai
Monday, June 16, 2014

THE Ministry of Youth and Sports is working on five rural projects under its youth development program this year.

Minister Commander Viliame Naupoto said the projects included three playing fields and two multi-purpose courts on Viti Levu.

Commander Naupoto said they had completed geo-technical surveys on the proposed projects.

“We have completed all the surveys this year at the proposed field site in the interior part of Nadarivatu, Ba, Navosa Central College and Corpus Christi,” he said.

“Apart from just focusing on rugby and soccer, we also build courts of sporting activities such as basketball and volleyball.

“We have continued to receive overwhelming requests from youth groups and villages on such assistance.

“The government this year allocated $200,000 for youth development and these funds are being used to assist people with such projects.”

Cdr Naupoto said when people requested the ministry for such assistance, they expected the consent of the landowners to be attached with the request letter.

“We expect to receive the consent and other relevant documents from landowners with the letters. The completion of the projects might be taking time as we want to ensure they are done correctly.

“We want to ensure that we build the right and full- sized fields and courts that will be enjoyed and treasured by the users.”Fijitimes

43) Fiji U20s at risk of relegation

16 June 2014
The Fiji Under 20 rugby team is in danger of being relegated from the IRB Junior World Championship after a fourth straight defeat on Sunday.

The Fijians were outclassed 38-12 by Argentina and for the second straight year will playoff for 11th and 12th place, with the loser between them and Italy to be relegated to the Junior World Rugby Trophy.

Samoa were outclassed 53-16 by Australia and will now take on Wales in the playoff for seventh and eighth place.

South Africa will meet in England in the final of the IRB Junior World Championship, after contrasting semi final victories.

The Baby Boks came from behind to beat hosts New Zealand 32-25 while England thrashed Ireland 42-15 in the other semi, having led 34-3 at half-time.Radio NZ

44) Fiji in flying start to Pacific rugby cup, Samoa thrash Italy – 15 – 0

By Online Editor
5:49 pm GMT+12, 16/06/2014, Fiji

Fiji opened their defence of the 2014 Pacific Nations Cup with a bonus-point 45-17 victory over Tonga in Suva on Saturday.

Watisoni Votu and Sireli Bobo, who missed last week’s warm-up match against Italy, both scored twice with Nemani Nadolo and captain Akapusi Qera also registering a try.

Nadolo contributed 20 points in the match with a try, six conversions and a penalty.

He had Fiji on the board within three minutes of the start with a penalty as they raced to a 24-3 lead by halftime.

Tonga, who opened their campaign with an 18-18 draw with Samoa last week, relied on a penalty by Fangatapu Apikotoa for their first-half points.

It wasn’t until the final 20 minutes, when they trailed 30-3 and with Fiji down to 14 men after Votu was yellow-carded, that Tonga were able to score again.

They capitalised on the one-man advantage with two quick tries by replacement forward Viliami Fihaki, converted by Latiume Fosita.

But when back to full strength, Fiji shut out the game with further tries to Bobo and captain Akapusi Qera.

In Samoa, fly-half Tusi Pisi landed five penalties to get Samoa home 15-0 over Italy in a tryless rugby international in Apia on Saturday.

It was a face-saving performance for Samoa after a sub-par 18-18 draw with Tonga last week while it ended a disappointing swing through the Pacific for Italy.

The Six Nations side had hoped for a redeeming performance after losing to Fiji 25-14 last week.

Instead they paid the price for repeated infringements within kicking range of the Japan-based Pisi.

He landed four penalties in the first half and one in the second to score all the points in the match.

It was the fifth time Samoa have beaten Italy in the six times they have met.

Meanwhile, Japan remained unbeaten in the Pacific Nations Cup with a 37-29 victory over the United States on Saturday.

Fullback Ayumu Goromaru registered 17 points, converting all four of Japan’s tries and booting three penalties to help the Brave Blossoms secure a bonus-point victory.

Ryu Koliniasi Holani scored two tries while scrumhalf Fumiaki Tanaka and winger Akihito Yamada scored a try apiece.

Blaine Scully scored three of the American’s four tries, with Cam Dolan adding another.

Japan, who opened their campaign with a victory in Canada last weekend, now have nine points from two matches.

This year the tournament has been split into two conferences for the first time — Pool A featuring the Pacific island nations of Fiji, Samoa and Tonga, while Pool B comprises Japan, Canada and the United States.

This weekend, Fiji host Samoa at Suva and the United States play Canada in Sacramento, California.


45) Federer in Halle final

Monday, June 16, 2014

HALLE WESTFALEN, Germany – Defending champion Roger Federer will bid for a seventh Halle ATP title today after beating Japan’s Kei Nishikori 6-3 7-6 (7-4) in the semi-finals of the grasscourt tournament.

Swiss Federer, ranked fourth in the world, will meet 69th-ranked Alejandro Falla in the title match after the Colombian earlier upset Germany’s Philipp Kohlschreiber in the first semi-final.

Kohlschreiber, the 2011 winner, fell 5-7 7-6 (7-5) 6-4 to the 30-year-old South American.

Federer, 32, kicked off his grasscourt campaign in Halle as he bids for a boost ahead of his latest assault on Wimbledon where he has been champion on seven occasions.

Halle was the site of his only title in 2013 and is the tournament where he first appeared in 2005 as a 19-year-old.

For Falla, it will be his second career ATP final, after losing to Ivo Karlovic of Croatia last year in Bogota, in only his second appearance at Halle after losing to Federer in the 2010 first round.

Kohlschreiber, ranked world 27 and the 2011 champion, was feeling the effects of his quarter-final clash on Friday when he was taken to three sets by compatriot Dustin Brown before prevailing 18-16 in the third set tie-break.

Brown had shocked world number one Rafael Nadal in straight sets in the second round.

46) Wallabies win close match

Monday, June 16, 2014

MELBOURNE – It appeared a case of code confusion when the Wallabies took on France in their second rugby Test in Melbourne on Saturday night.

The teams were locked at 0-0 at halftime in Etihad Stadium – even the Socceroos scored more points in the first half of their opening World Cup clash with Chile in Brazil.

In the opening Test in Brisbane last weekend, the Wallabies had run in four tries by halftime and seven for the match.

The expected free-flowing affair which the 27,000 fans had turned out to watch in the second Test was more of a slow drip.

The last time Australia and their opponents had both been held scoreless in the first half was against New Zealand in 1962. The Wallabies ended up losing that match 3-0.

And the last time Australia and France were locked at 0-0 was in Paris in 1958 with the home side running out 19-0 winners.

Compounding the uncertainty about which code was actually on offer was Australia’s heavy reliance on kicking tactics in the first half.

Even tackle-busting fullback Israel Folau was in on the action with one Twitter wag noting: “Folau’s had more kicks at this venue playing rugby than he did playing AFL”.

The Wallabies tried to bring Folau into the game, looking to continue his stunning record of 11 tries in 17 Tests but the French defence was vastly improved on their first Test showing.

In the opening three minutes of the second half, the Australians had two penalty chances to break the deadlock but halfback Nic White missed both.

Bernard Foley slotted in a penalty goal in the 53rd minute – which brought the biggest roar of the night.

White added another for a 6-0 result with the tryline untouched by either team.

47) Colombia thrashes Greece

Monday, June 16, 2014

BELO HORIZONTE, Brazil – James Rodriguez has rounded off a convincing 3-0 win for Colombia over Greece despite the absence of injured striker Radamel Falcao in their opening Group C match at the World Cup.

Full-back Pablo Armero had given the Colombians — appearing at their first finals since 1998 — the lead in the fifth minute while Teofilo Gutierrez’s 13th goal for his country shortly before the hour mark wrapped up the three points.

Rodriguez rounded off an impressive performance with a sweet left footed shot in time added on.

Armero’s goal was the fastest in Colombia’s five appearances at a World Cup finals, beating the 19 minutes it took another defender Francisco Zuluaga to score against Uruguay in the 1962 finals in Chile.

Colombia coach Jose Pekerman, who guided his native Argentina to the quarter-finals in 2006, said he was delighted with the performance.

“We were strong going forward, we had a nice style of play and we created several chances,” said the 64-year-old.

“The crucial thing was that everyone did the job they were tasked with and that allowed us to play calmly.

“This result is very important for us and sets us up well for the rest of the group stage.”

Greece’s Portuguese coach Fernando Santos conceded that the Colombians had been worthy winners.

“They caused us a lot of problems from the opening minutes,” he said.

“We did get back into the game and the end result was a little bit unfair.”

It took Colombia just five minutes to send their fans wild.

48) Germany wants a good start against Portugal

Monday, June 16, 2014

PORTO SEGURO, Brazil – Cristiano Ronaldo and his Portugal teammates can expect to come under massive early pressure in their World Cup opener against Germany tomorrow.

Germany always prepares meticulously for its opening match at a tournament and has the results to show for it — winning 12 of its 17 World Cup openers and losing only once, 2-1 to Algeria in 1982. Germany bounced back to reach the final that year.

Coach Joachim Loew has made little secret of his game plan in the Group G match – to play high-tempo football right from the start and to wear down the Portuguese in the midday heat and humidity of Salvador.

Germany is based a short flight away in similar conditions on the Atlantic coast and has been training at the local kickoff time.

Loew has a healthy respect for Portugal and its star striker, calling Ronaldo’s team a “world champion in counterattacking.”

“They are ranked just behind us at No. 4 (Germany is No. 2), and they are not just about Ronaldo,” Loew said. “Portugal is an extremely dangerous team.”

Perhaps, but Portugal has not had much luck against Germany. Germany won 3-1 in the match for third place at the 2006 World Cup, beat Portugal 3-2 at the 2008 European Championship and won again 1-0 at the start of its Euro 2012 campaign.

“Still, they keep on reaching semifinals. They are a hard nut to crack,” Loew said.

There have been some doubts about Ronaldo’s fitness following a left-knee injury but FIFA’s player of the year trained normally at the end of the week.

“You can’t shut him down completely, he is a player who scores 50 goals a season,” the Germany coach said.


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