Smol Melanesian Na Pasifik Nius Digest # 1028 ( 29 September 2014 )


MELANESIA

1) Bougainville remembers Alexis Sarei

29 September 2014

A state funeral was held in Bougainville on Friday for one of the Papua New Guinea autonomous province’s most celebrated sons.

Dr Alexis Sarei died last week after several years of illness.

The 80 year old former Catholic priest held various senior political roles – not least as president of the breakaway North Solomons; then premier of Bougainville province on two occasions in the 1970s and 1980s.

He spent a number of years overseas, including as the PNG High Commissioner to London, before becoming an MP again in the second ABG parliament.

A man in a fishing canoe/boat in Bougainville, Papua New Guinea

Photo: RNZI / Don Wiseman

President John Momis called Dr Sarei’s passing an immense loss for the people of Bougainville.http://www.radionz.co.nz/international/pacific-news/255779/bougainville-remembers-alexis-sarei

2) Panguna landowners back PNG’s ABG

29 September 2014

Landowner groups in the Panguna region in the Papua New Guinea province of Bougainville are strongly supportive of the Autonomous Government’s moves for a return to mining.

The government says mining is the best way to quickly create a viable economy.

It has passed new legislation vesting control of the resources in the hands of landowners and taken issue with claims by NGO, Jubilee Australia, that the people around Panguna do not want mining.

And the nine landowner groups support the government, saying the NGO should be ashamed at what it calls its poor research.

The chair of the Siokatei Association, Therese Jaintong, says opening Panguna is the way forward for the province.

“We have to really understand – how can we really run the Government when we are asking the Papua New Guinea Government for all the fundings and all that? So if we want to be independent, we must be independent and come up with self reliance – then Panguna is the way forward.”http://www.radionz.co.nz/international/pacific-news/255711/panguna-landowners-back-png’s-abg

3) New Caledonia Pro-Independence Party Boycotts Paris Talks
Main Kanak party skips dialogue about Noumea Accord referendum process

WELLINGTON, New Zealand (Radio New Zealand International, Sept. 29, 2014) – A main New Caledonian pro-independence party has decided to boycott this week’s Paris talks about the Noumea Accord which paves the way for a referendum on independence by 2018.

The talks bring together the territory’s main leaders under the auspices of the French prime minister, Manuel Valls.

However, the Caledonian Union, which is the main Kanak party, has pulled out, citing its objections to the make-up of the electoral roll for the referendum.

It says instead it will send an envoy to the UN next week and call for suspending the Noumea Accord, which is the territory’s decolonisation roadmap. 

Radio New Zealand International 

4) Vanuatu daily news digest | 29 September 2014

by bobmakin

  • VBTC News keeps on touting the alleged excellence of the planned smelting operation at Big Bay Santo, even adding “further comment” after their bulletins. This newsblog predicts comment in opposition to Santo smelting is likely in the very near future,especially when the Environment Director is settled back into his job again. (It seems he has been away.) I will say no more here and now.
  • Daily Post speculates on the possibility of a motion against the present government of Joe Natuman. It says this comes about “because of his government being divided on the decision of selecting a President.” However, the Opposition Leader Carcasses has performed a custom ceremony with Minister Kilman, the story tells us, for crossing the floor with eight MPs against the Kilman government in March 2013. The electorates are surely more concerned with matters such as planned pollution of Santo than what the presidential voting might have been and who crossed the floor in 2013.
  • The team of Australian pediatric surgeons has been performing life enhancing operations on many children at Vila and Santo hospitals, working closely with senior surgeon Dr Basil Leodoro. They conduct their treatments in harmony and training work for theatre nursing staff as they undertake the specialised operations. Parents have expressed their enormous gratitude.
  • The Acting Public Prosecutor tries to assure the general public that his office is conducting its duties properly and professionally despite judicial complaints. The report of his comment in Daily Post is not very convincing.
  • Daily Post also carries a review by BJ Skane of the 1980 pre-Independence history, To Kill A Bird With Two Stones, by Jeremy MacClancy, which people have thought to be out of print. Not so. It can be purchased at the Cultural Centre and Post Office.
  • And Post has a letter from Vincent Bulekone questioning the authority of the Citizenship Commission to remove the citizenship of Gilles Daniel.
  • And, what’s more, Fest Nap starts Wednesday!

5) Commonwealth Reinstates Fiji As A Full Member
Ministerial group congratulates country on successful election


SUVA, Fiji (Fijilive, Sept. 27, 2014) – Fiji has been reinstated as a full member of the Commonwealth following a decision by the Commonwealth Ministerial Action Group (CMAG) at their 44th meeting in New York.

The decision is in recognition of the “credible elections” held on September 17 and the assumption of office by a democratically elected government, the Commonwealth said in a statement.

The group congratulated the newly elected Government of Voreqe Bainimarama and called on all stakeholders in Fiji to continue working together to strengthen the country’s democratic culture, encouraging them to explore opportunities for dialogue and national reconciliation.

They particularly commended Fiji’s eight elected female Members of Parliament and the appointment of Fiji’s first female Speaker, Dr Jiko Luveni.

The Commonwealth Ministerial Action Group met in the wings of the 69th United Nations General Assembly.

The group of nine foreign ministers, chaired by Bernard Membe, Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation of Tanzania include Ioannis Kasoulides, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Cyprus, Carolyn Rodrigues-Birkett, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Guyana, Shrimati Sushma Swaraj, Minister of Foreign Affairs of India, Murray McCully, Minister of Foreign Affairs of New Zealand (Vice Chair), Sartaj Aziz, Adviser to the Prime Minister of Pakistan on National Security and Foreign Affairs, Dr Samura Kamara, Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation of Sierra Leone, Clay Forau Soalaoi, Minister for Foreign Affairs and External Trade of Solomon Islands, and Professor G.L. Peiris, Minister of External Affairs of Sri Lanka.

Fiji was suspended from the Councils of the Commonwealth in 2006 following a military coup.

A full suspension followed in 2009 following the abrogation of the constitution, also excluding the country from sporting events and other Commonwealth activities.

Earlier this year, Fiji’s full suspension was scaled back, enabling the country to participate in the 2014 Commonwealth Games in Glasgow.

Fijilive 

6) Judge To Issue Ruling On Fiji’s ‘Right To Housing’ Lawsuit
Defendants claim Constitution Bill of Rights guarantees housing


By Vuniwaqa Bola-Bari 

SUVA, Fiji (Fijilive, Sept. 29, 2014) – Ruling on Fiji’s landmark case challenging the right to housing provision under the 2013 Constitution Bill of Rights, will be given on notice.

This is after counsels of the two parties, Namara Settlement settlers being the plaintiffs and the Housing Authority as the defendants, presented their case before a high court in Suva last Friday.

The case was filed by the settlers who were told to vacate their homes in the settlement, located off Khalsa Road, to make way for the Housing Authority to develop the land.

Devanesh Sharma, Housing Authority counsel, told FijiLive that the case is now in the hands of High Court Judge Justice Kamal Kumar.

“It’s now before Justice Kumar, with the ruling on notice,” Sharma said.

The settlers were presented with two offers, both of which were declined.

They were first offered relocation to Sasawira in nine miles, Nasinu.

Housing Authority followed up with a second offer last month giving them first priority to buy a lot from the Phase 1A lots in Tacirua East.

Settlers challenging the Bill of Rights are being represented by Aca Rayawa.

Fijilive 

POLYNESIA

7) Wallis and Futuna retains senator

By Online Editor
4:36 pm GMT+12, 28/09/2014, Wallis and Futuna 

Wallis and Futuna has confirmed Robert Laufoaulu as the territory’s sole member of the French Senate.
 
The territory’s 22-strong electoral college gave him 68 percent of the votes.
 
In French Polynesia, the electoral college is today due to choose the territory’s two members.
 
The choice will be made by an electoral college of just under 700, made up of assembly members, mayors and local councillors.
 
12 candidates are contesting the positions, which are widely tipped to be filled by the ruling Tahoeraa Huiraatira Party’s two nominees.
 
They are Iriti Teura and Vincent Dubois, who is a lawyer and a son-in-law of the party leader, Gaston Flosse.
 
The pro-independence party’s Richard Tuheiava is seeking re-election after winning a seat six years ago when he was endorsed by Flosse in a brief local powersharing deal.
 
Flosse was stripped of his Senate seat and the presidency earlier this month because of a corruption conviction.

SOURCE: RNZI/PACNEWS

8) Tonga Civil Aviation Struggles To Abide By International Standards
Certification of Chinese aircraft points to deficiencies


NUKU‘ALOFA, Tonga (Matangi Tonga, Sept 27, 2014) – A decision by Tonga’s Civil Aviation Authority to certify a Y12 aircraft without addressing demands by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) to upgrade its aircraft certification system has thrown Tonga’s domestic air service into a state of uncertainty.

The two specific areas of concern expressed by the ICAO in its letter to the then Director of Tonga’s Civil Aviation, Viliami Cocker, on 15 July was for Tonga to upgrade its aviation safety certification legal frame work, and for Tonga to address its lack of aviation engineering competency.

Key points in the Cabinet Decision of 21 August, included:

the appointment of a Regulator to assist the Director General of Civil Aviation DGCA. 

the DGCA to meet the General Manager of the Pacific Aviation Safety Office (PASO) and enter into an agreement for the provision of certification and safety oversight for Tonga’s obligations under the Chicago Convention. 

the agreement between Tonga and PASO to be supported with a credible certification system like the NZCAA. 

the revoking of the current Air Operator Certificate of the Real Tonga, and to reapply for an Air Operator Certificate and certification in accordance with the Standards of the NZCAR’s (The New Zealand aviation certification standard). A New Zealand operator to be brought in to provide the domestic service during this transition period. 

for the ICAO to be informed of new arrangements with PASO and government measures to ensure a Serious Safety Concern SSC is not issued on Tonga. 

More in4 : Matangi Tonga Magazine

9) Samoa Signs Convention On The Rights Of Persons With Disabilities
Advocates have been working on issue for some time


APIA, Samoa (Samoa Observer, Sept. 26, 2014) – Samoa yesterday signed the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (C.R.P.D).

Prime Minister, Tuilaepa Sa’ilele Malielegaoi, signed on behalf of Samoa at the United Nations Headquarters in New York yesterday.

The Prime Minister is attending the 69th Session of the United Nations General Assembly.

The signing of the C.R.P.D symbolizes the intentions of Samoa to become a state party to Convention.

This has been in the pipeline for some time now, and is the direct result of advocacy on the part of the Disabled Persons Organization and service providers in the disability sector.

More in4 : Samoa Observer

MICRONESIA

10) Nauru government runs out of money, may shut services

By Online Editor
7:08 pm GMT+12, 28/09/2014, Nauru 

Nauru’s finance minister says the country is out of money and services will soon start shutting down, including those for refugees.
 
Two years ago a court ruled that Nauru owed AUD$16 million to a U.S.-based fund manager, Firebird.
 
It refused to pay and that debt has grown to AUD$30 million.
 
The government’s bank accounts with Westpac have now been frozen, leaving it with only the cash it had on the island.
 
Nauru is seeking to overturn the decision and urgently free up the funds.
 
Nauru’s government says it has had to fly its employees offshore with cash to pay overseas suppliers.
 
In an affidavit, the country’s finance minister David Adeang told the New South Wales Supreme Court that the island would shortly run out of cash, after making its latest round of government salary payments last week.
 
The minister says Nauru will not be able to make any further salary payments, which will affect almost half of Nauru’s population who are employed by the government, and have a large flow on impact to the island’s tiny economy.
 
Nauru would also have no money to buy fuel for generators, affecting the hospital and desalination plant.
 
The minister says planes would be grounded, meaning Nauru will not be able to transport health, legal and other contractors to the detention center, which he says will have a severe impact on the physical and mental health of the approximately 1,200 refugees living there, plus 200 more living in the community.
 
However, a Nauru government spokesperson says no services have yet been affected.
 
The court case starts today.

SOURCE: ABC/PACNEWS

11) New tax for independent contractors in Nauru 

By Online Editor
7:17 pm GMT+12, 28/09/2014, Nauru 

As an initiative under the National Sustainable Development Strategy, the Government of Nauru has introduced new taxation law that requires independent service contractors to pay taxes.
 
The new law, passed by Parliament on 09 September will come into effect this week.
 
Nauru Bulletin reports that under the new tax laws, employees and contractors providing independent services will be required to pay tax at the rate of 10%. The tax will be deducted by the employers and employees.
 
Nauruan citizens (and re-settled refugees) will not pay tax if they earn less than $1,700 per month ($20,400 per year). This is soon to be increased to $8,000 per month ($96,000 per year).
 
Staff of the Nauru Customs & Revenue Office will be responsible for administering the new tax law.
 
Widespread business and community consultation has been undertaken, and work has commenced on the registration of those taxpayers who will have a tax liability.
 
Historically, significant payments in the nature of employment and services fees have been paid to non-residents. In many instances, these employees and service providers would contribute taxation to the Treasury of their home country on this income, with no contribution to the Nauru Treasury.
 
The Deputy Secretary Revenue, Terry Greenwood said it is a globally recognised principle that the country in which the employment is undertaken or services are provided, has the primary taxing rights on that income.
 
Nauru is now exercising that right to tax the income.
 
The introduction of the Employment & Services Tax Act, together with the Revenue Administration Act, will serve to ensure that the necessary legislative framework is in place to provide the authority for the taxation of employment and services income in Nauru.

SOURCE: NAURU BULLETIN/PACNEWS

12) Palau President To UN: We Will Not Go Down Without A Fight
Remengesau notes measures Pacific is taking to protect environment

SAIPAN, CNMI (Marianas Variety, Sept. 29, 2014) – The small island nation of Palau in the North Pacific has promised the international community in New York it will not go down without a fight.

“Nor will the Pacific region, whose people comprehend first-hand the real and present impacts of climate change and whose oceans are becoming polluted and their fish stocks depleted, said Palauan President, Tommy Remengesau Jr.

He told the 69th United Nations General Assembly underway in New York that Small Island Developing States in the Pacific recognize that action must begin in their backyard. Most Pacific nations are doing just that!

“Cook Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Kiribati, New Caledonia, Palau, Republic of Marshall and the United States are currently in the process of declaring and establishing protected marine areas of different sizes and requirements to reverse the current trends of over-use and to ensure a healthy ocean for our children.

More in4 : Marianas Variety 

13) Guam Catholic Church Opens Finances To Public Scrutiny
‘Unprecedented disclosure’ comes after leadership challenged 

By Gaynor Dumat-ol Daleno

HAGÅTÑA, Guam (Pacific Daily News, Sept. 27, 2014) – Guam’s Catholic Church yesterday made an unprecedented disclosure of its finances, two months after its leadership was publicly challenged to release the information.

“It is the expressed position of the archdiocese to be transparent in its financial management to the faithful in the (Archdiocese of Agana),” the archdiocese stated yesterday.

More in4 : Pacific Daily News 

FRENCH

14) Brèves d’Australie et du Pacifique – lundi 29 septembre 2014

Mis à jour 29 September 2014, 15:19 AEST

Caroline Lafargue 

Tonga: l’Église de Jésus-Christ des Saints des Derniers Jours a débuté la construction de 114 maisons sur les îles Ha’apai, en co-financement avec la Banque mondiale et le gouvernement tongien.
Une victime du cyclone Ian, réfugiée avec son nouveau-né sous une tente. La photo a été prise le 9 avril, soit 3 mois après le cyclone. (Source: World Bank) 
Le groupe insulaire a été durement frappé par Ian le 11 janvier dernier. Le cyclone a fait un mort, et causé des dégâts dont la facture totale se monte à 50 millions de dollars, soit 11% du PIB de Tonga. La construction des 114 maisons devrait être achevée début janvier 2015. Elles seront données à des fidèles de l’Église de Jésus-Christ des Saints des Derniers Jours. 

  • Demandeurs d’asile: Scott Morrison, le ministre australien de l’Immigration, a conclu un accord avec le gouvernement cambodgien vendredi. L’Australie va transférer ses demandeurs d’asile détenus actuellement à Nauru au Cambodge, l’un des pays les plus pauvres et les plus corrompus au monde. En échange de ce service, l’Australie a promis 40 millions de dollars au gouvernement cambodgien pour financer des programmes de développement. « Cet accord se distancie des normes internationales et c’est inquiétant, a déclaré le haut-commissaire de l’ONU pour les réfugiés, Antonio Guttierez. 87% des réfugiés dans le monde sont désormais accueillis par des pays en développement. Il est crucial que certains pays ne fasse pas peser leur responsabilité sur d’autres pays.»
  • Nauru: plus d’une centaine de réfugiés manifestent à nouveau ce lundi après-midi devant le haut-commissariat australien – c’est l’équivalent d’une ambassade. Ils font partie du groupe des quelque 200 demandeurs d’asile libérés du centre de rétention, et qui ont reçu un visa temporaire pour s’installer à Nauru. C’est la quatrième journée de protestation sur l’île. La semaine dernière, au moins cinq migrants se seraient cousu les lèvres, pendant que d’autres ont refusé de s’alimenter pendant trois jours. Ils manifestent particulièrement contre la signature de l’accord entre l’Australie et le Cambodge vendredi. L’accord prévoit le transfert des demandeurs d’asile de Nauru au Cambodge.
  • Papouasie occidentale: 4 mineurs sont morts dans une collision routière à la mine de Grasberg samedi. Cinq autres passagers sont à l’hôpital, grièvement blessés. C’est la plus grande mine d’or et la troisième de cuivre au monde, exploitée par la filiale de la compagnie américaine Freeport. L’exploitation de la mine a du être suspendue pendant quelques heures à  cause de l’accident.
  • Îles Salomon: 27 femmes sont candidates aux législatives, qui doivent avoir lieu avant la fin 2014, mais dont la date n’a toujours pas été arrêtée. Les 27 politiciennes ont toutes suivi une formation politique et sont suivies par des mentors. Les Îles Salomon est l’un des pires pays au monde en matière de parité. Seules deux femmes ont été élues au Parlement en 36 ans d’indépendance.
  • 10 jours après son élection, Franck Bainimarama a tourné une page d’histoire ce week-end dans un discours devant l’Assemblée Générale de l’ONU, estimant que le scrutin du 17 septembre « avait mis fin à 40 années d’un système injuste et antidémocratique ». Le Premier ministre a aussi dévoilé ses ambitions internationales : il veut faire de Fidji le pays dominant de la région Pacifique et jouer un plus grand rôle dans le monde, dans la lutte contre le changement climatique. Toujours à l’ONU, Franck Bainimarama a rencontré Sergueï Lavrov. Le ministre russe des Affaires étrangères se rendra à Fidji début 2015. Les relations entre Fidji et la Russie s’approfondissent. 8 diplomates et militaires fidjiens vont aller suivre une formation de relations internationales à l’Institut du Service Russe.
  • Sydney: un ou des voleur(s) ont réussi un joli coup samedi à Sydney, en dérobant une bague montée de diamants roses et blancs d’une valeur de 577 000 dollars. Environ cent personnes étaient présentes dans la salle des ventes au moment du vol. La revente de cette bague unique risque d’être fort compliquée, car chaque diamant de cette bague porte un numéro de série gravé au laser.  Les diamants roses proviennent de la mine d’Argyle, exploitée par Rio Tinto dans le Kimberley, au nord-ouest de l’Australie. La mine assure 90% de la production mondiale de diamants roses. « Ces pierres représentent désormais une des formes les plus concentrées de richesse, bien plus que les diamants blancs », explique un porte-parole de Rio Tinto. http://www.radioaustralia.net.au/french/2014-09-29/br%C3%A8ves-daustralie-et-du-pacifique-lundi-29-septembre-2014/1373233

WORLD

15) HK pro-democracy protesters dig in

Afp
Monday, September 29, 2014

HONG KONG – Thousands of pro-democracy protesters have massed outside Hong Kong’s government headquarters, vowing to keep up an increasingly tense civil disobedience campaign unless Beijing grants more political freedoms.

Defiant protesters, almost all wearing convenience store-bought ponchos and eye protection in anticipation of police using pepper spray, were on Saturday night dug in outside the complex where 74 people have been arrested.

Lines of police officers pushed back surges of people with riot shields after earlier clearing dozens who had stormed into the grounds late on Friday, as a week-long protest against Beijing’s refusal to grant the city unfettered democracy turned angry.

Many in the largely youthful crowd, which had swelled to several thousand with a number of scuffles breaking out with police, pledged to keep the protest open-ended unless Hong Kong was granted more freedoms.

16) Stoned to death

Afp
Monday, September 29, 2014

MOGADISHU – A Somali woman has been stoned to death in an Islamist al-Shabab-controlled part of the country for secretly marrying several husbands, officials and witnesses say.

Witnesses said on Saturday the woman was buried up to her neck and pelted with rocks and stones by hooded men in front of a large crowd in the southern coastal district of Barawe.

“The woman married four husbands and confessed to the crime. I questioned her several times while she was in prison and she told me she was mentally fit. All the four husbands were questioned and they have confirmed that they had married her,” Islamic court judge Sheik Mohamud Abu Abdullah told the gathering.

The woman, 33-year-old Safiyo Ahmed Jumale, was executed on Friday in front of dozens of onlookers.

“The woman was brought with her eyes covered and she was buried up to her neck before she was stoned to death by hooded men,” said Ali Yare, a resident who witnessed the execution.

Somalia’s al-Qaida-affiliated al-Shabab control large swathes of territory in the south and centre of the war-torn country, where they impose a strict interpretation of Islamic law.

HEALTH

17) Human resistance to malaria varies depending on location, study finds

By Online Editor
10:24 pm GMT+12, 28/09/2014, Australia 

 Humans have evolved different defences against malaria depending on where they live, scientists have found.
 
About half the world’s population is exposed to the disease, which kills more than 500,000 people each year.
 
A study, conducted over 10 years across 11 countries, looked for specific mutations known as markers in genes that result in resistance against malaria in almost 12,000 people.
 
Laboratory head at the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute in Melbourne, Dr Ivo Mueller, said the study found there is a close evolutionary interplay between malaria and human populations.
 
“It is a complex interaction between the parasite and the human genome,” he said.
 
“Part of this study was done in Papua New Guinea, but most of these mutations that we found are actually not found in Papua New Guinea because people there never acquired these mutations.
 
“On the other hand we have a whole set of other mutations that protects people from malaria in Papua New Guinea that we do not find in African populations.”
 
Dr Muller said that the increasing ability to look at genome interactions between parasites and hosts at a detailed level will hopefully result in a greater understanding of the disease.
 
“That will eventually allow us hopefully to develop new medicines and new vaccines and target these key interactions between the human host and the malaria parasite,” he said.
SOURCE: RADIO AUSTRALIA/PACNEWS

EDUCATION

18) FNU on a workforce planning workshop

By LITIA VULAIDAUSIGA
Monday, September 29, 2014

Update: 2:30PM THE Fiji National University began a workforce planning workshop for regional specialised clinical services at Denarau, Nadi this morning.

It says Pacific countries continue to face severe shortages in clinical specialists and that addressing this issue would demand good analysis and planning.

“At the end of the meeting countries will be expected to have a draft Specialised Clinical Services Workforce Plan” it outlined in a statement.

The three-day meet is attended by regional directors of clinical services and human resources for health managers from eight Pacific Island countries, at the Westin Resort.http://www.fijitimes.com/story.aspx?id=281657

POLITIC

19) Confirmation: THE has joined opposition

Source: 
The National, Monday 29th of September, 2014

 FORMER Treasurer Don Polye and his Triumph Heritage Empowerment (THE) Party have joined the Opposition.
He said that at a news conference yesterday but declined to say whether he would vie for the position of Opposition leader.
“That’s not an issue,” Polye said.
“Why are people making this an issue?
“The issue is economic management and the conduct of the Prime Minister.”
Polye maintained THE Party was intact despite several of its MPs, including Deputy Prime Minister Leo Dion, had left to join Prime Minister Peter O’Neill’s People’s National Congress (PNC).
“Look at the Organic Law on Intergrity of Political Parties and Candidates. It says that the party constitution regulates MPs and other members,” he said. “The constitution says that if you want to resign from THE Party and join another party, you have to give your reasons to THE Party council.
“THE Party council determines that and says, ‘OK, we’re releasing you, you can join another party’. In this case, none of these people (who joined PNC) has written any letter. I only find out in the newspapers that my MPs have joined the PNC Party.
“These MPs are technically and legally still members of THE Party.”
 
20) Solomon Islands Registrar of Political Parties receive application from another three Political Parties

By Online Editor
10:36 pm GMT+12, 28/09/2014, Solomon Islands 

Another three political parties in Solomon Islands have applied for registration with the Office of the Registrar of Political Parties.
 
So far, nine applications have been received.

The Registrar is expected to publish a notice of the application if he is satisfied with the form and content of the applications from parties.
 
On September 23, the Registrar’s Office published application notices from six parties.

The notice, published in newspapers invited public objections to the Parties which are to be made to the Registrar in writing within 14 days from the date of the notice’s publication.
 
The Registrar said the Electoral Commission will stop considering applications after the Governor General appoints a date for the National General Elections.
 
Political parties that are now progressing towards certification include: Kadere Party; National Transformation Party; Pan-Melanesian Congress Party; People’s Alliance Party; People’s Progressive Party; United Democratic Party.
source: SIBC/PACNEWS

21) 27 women lining up for elections in Solomons

29 September 2014 
Solomon Islands National Council of Women says 27 aspiring women politicians are intending to contest the National Elections in later this year.

The Council’s Women in Leadership Officer, Casper Faasala, says all of the intending candidates have gone through leadership training and will receive mentoring in the build up to the elections.

Solomon Islands is one of the worst ranked countries for female representation in parliament with only 2 women parliametarians elected in 36 years of Independence.

But Mr Faasala says perceptions are changing in the country and the current batch of women is receiving more support than seen in past elections.

“There is more language of inclusiveness and development that we are giving here for the women. And certainly if all Solomon Islanders would understand those, but more especially if women support women now, we will certainly see some tangible results coming out from these national general elections”

Women in Leadership officer, Casper Faasala

The 14 day nomination period for candidates will open once the official date for the elections is announced.http://www.radionz.co.nz/international/pacific-news/255758/27-women-lining-up-for-elections-in-solomons

22) Latest split in Vanuatu Parlt over Presidential vote

29 September 2014
The latest talk in Vanuatu of a possible attempt to unseat the Prime Minister, Joe Natuman, is focussing on dissatisfaction over his backing for Baldwin Lonsdale as the new President.

Mr Lonsdale was voted in by the Electoral College last week after six previous attempts to achieve the necessary two thirds vote had failed.

The Daily Post Newspaper reports that some Government MPs had expected the Prime Minister to back the Nagriamel candidate, Alfred Maliu.

The paper says the Opposition wants a motion for a vote of no confidence in Mr Natuman to exploit what it sees as a rift in the Government.

Mr Natuman, who has easily withstood several attempts to remove him, has the official backing of 32 MPs.http://www.radionz.co.nz/international/pacific-news/255757/latest-split-in-vanuatu-parlt-over-presidential-vote

23) Fiji vote for Bainimarama “mostly out of fear”

29 September 2014

An independent candidate who failed to win a seat in Fiji’s parliament says fear and insecurity led to Frank Bainimarama’s victory in the election two weeks ago.

Roshika Deo and her “Be the Change Campaign” targeted young people through social media.

She says her scrutineers saw many irregularities on election day but she doesn’t believe they were enough to sway the vote away from the Prime Minister and his FijiFirst party.

Roshika Deo

Photo: AFP

“A lot of people reacted to the “Islamophobia”, the racism that was becoming evident all over social media and over the newspapers, so people didn’t really vote for representation. They voted mostly out of fear and insecurity and those things are real.”

Roshika Deo says irregularities included inconsistent behaviour by polling station officials and duplicate ballot papers and she says many of her overseas supporters did not receive their postal ballot papers in time to vote.http://www.radionz.co.nz/international/pacific-news/255767/fiji-vote-for-bainimarama-mostly-out-of-fear

24) Fiji’s 2015 Budget announcement date set 

By Online Editor
10:40 pm GMT+12, 28/09/2014, Fiji 

The 2015 Budget announcement will be held on the first week of November.  
 
Speaking to FijiLive, Finance Permanent Secretary Filimone Waqabaca did not specify a date, but it is likely to be held on Friday, November 7.
 
“We are still firm for budget announcement as per our plan that was endorsed by cabinet on the first week of November,” Waqabaca said.  
 
As the Finance Ministry rounds up preparation for the 2015 Budget announcement, newly appointed Finance Minister Aiyaz Sayed-Khaiyum has called for a special budget forum in Suva this Saturday.
 
The ministry has invited businesses, the financial sector, civil society, and employee groups to the one-day forum “to have an input in the formulation of policies underpinned by the current unprecedented economic growth and the manifesto of FijiFirst.”  
 
In an advertisement in one of dailies, Sayed-Khaiyum says the forum provides an “excellent opportunity to the various stakeholders to play a key role in contributing to the national effort to continue with and take advantage of the current projected growth rates to ensure sustained employment, job creation and prosperity for all.”
 
The forum, scheduled to run from 9am to 5pm, will be held at the Matua Function Room at the Grand Pacific Hotel in Suva. Limited spaces are available and interested persons are requested to register their details with the ministry.

SOURCE: FIJI LIVE/PACNEWS

25) Fiji PM Bainimarama delivers his promise to world

By Online Editor
4:51 pm GMT+12, 28/09/2014, United States 

Fijian Prime Minister Rear Admiral (Ret) Voreqe Bainimarama has extended a hand of friendship to all his political opponents, calling on them to put aside their differences and work constructively to improve the lives of every Fijian when the new Parliament convenes on 06 October.
 
This was his message while addressing world leaders at the 69th session of the UN General Assembly in New York Saturday.
 
Bainimarama said Fiji was enjoying the most sustained period of economic growth in its history.
 
“The possibility to create more jobs and raise the living standards of our people has never been greater. Let us join hands to put our nation first,” he said.
 
The PM said Fiji has had a long and traumatic journey in the 44 years since independence with four coups, a rebellion, four constitutions and 56 days of shame in 2000 when members of Parliament were held hostage.
 
“Fiji has struggled to be unified and cohesive, our development retarded by our inability to think and work as one nation, one people. But with this election, we have put that era firmly behind us.
 
“In our new democracy, we are all Fijians, not members of separate ethnic and religious groups,” he said.
 
“And having established a common and equal citizenry, along with a secular state, we intend to move forward together to finally fulfil our promise as a nation, to fulfil our destiny.”
 
Bainimarama told world leaders at the 69th session of the UN General Assembly held in New York he has delivered his promise of holding a credible election.
 
“Five years ago I stood in this great chamber and promised the global community that my government would introduce the first genuine democracy in Fiji’s history before the end of September 2014,” Bainimarama said in his address.
 
“It is my honour to inform you that with the support of the Fijian people, I have kept that promise and I return here today as the duly elected Prime Minister of the Republic of Fiji,” he said.
 
The PM said on September 17, he led his FijiFirst political movement to a decisive victory in the first election to be held under the Constitution on the basis of equal votes of equal value.
 
“This Constitution replaced three previous constitutions since our independence from Britain in 1970 in which governments were chosen under a weighted and discriminatory formula that separated the various communities and favoured some citizens over others.
 
“For nearly four decades, we laboured under a system that was undemocratic, unjust and unfair.
 
“Indeed, we were a case study of a nation that was supposedly democratic and casting itself as such, but was failing to meet some basic democratic standards — a common and equal citizenry, a common identity and a level playing field on which every citizen can excel.”
 
Bainimarama said he had always heard election was key to having democracy.
 
“We in Fiji knew that this wasn’t the case, because our electoral system before it was reformed did not give true democracy.
 
“It did not facilitate justice, transparency or good governance.
 
“It was about reinforcing the power of elites and keeping the population divided into different communal groups,” he said.
 
While Fiji was returning to parliamentary democracy, instead of helping, some countries imposed sanctions, he said.
 
Bainimarama told world leaders the countries imposed sanctions to degrade the quality of governance because of Fiji’s refusal to accept their prescriptive and highhanded approach.
 
“As we begin this new era in our national life, I want to thank those in this great community of nations who stood by us in recent years as we made the reforms that were necessary to create a better Fiji,” Bainimarama said.
 
“But the majority of you recognised our right to determine our own future and came to understand that we were working not for the benefit of governing elite but for the common good.
 
“To those of you who gave us your support — our friends — I extend the grateful thanks of the Fijian people.
 
“I also want to especially thank those countries which made up the Multinational Observer Group declared our general election credible, free and fair,” he said.
 
The Multinational Observer Group comprised co-leaders from Australia, India and Indonesia plus Canada, the EU, Israel, Japan, the members of the Melanesian Spearhead Group, New Zealand, the Republic of Korea, Russia, South Africa, Turkey, the UK and the US.
 
Meanwhile, National Federation Party leader Professor Biman Prasad welcomed the PM’s statement saying he had finally come out of his political campaign and said the right thing.
 
“The election is over and we have a Parliament. We should now start building a genuine democracy,” Prof Prasad said.
 
He claimed the progress towards building a genuine democracy would only happen when the media in the country was free.
 
“The government should remove the Media Decree and all decrees that will stop the flourishing of democratic institutions,” he said.
 
He said the convening of the Parliament was the first step of removing restrictive decrees.

SOURCE: FIJI TIMES/PACNEWS

MEDIA 

26) Australia Network goes off the air in the Asia and Pacific region

By Online Editor
10:41 pm GMT+12, 28/09/2014, Australia 

The Australia Network has gone off the air after the Federal Government withdrew funding for the broadcaster earlier this year.
 
The Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade cut Australia’s international television service, which had broadcast content to 46 countries in the Asia and Pacific region including Solomon Islands, India, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea, in the May budget.
 
The ABC was one year into a ten-year contract to provide the service, which had a potential audience of 144 million people.
 
Foreign Affairs Minister Julie Bishop told ABC’s Insiders program on Sunday that the Government cut funding to the broadcaster because it did not believe it was meeting its contractual obligations.
 
However, an ABC spokesman said the number of viewers in the region had grown over the past 12 months.
 
“Australia Network met all of its contractual obligations and key performance indicators as set out in its contract with DFAT,” he said in a statement.
 
“During the first 12 months of the contract the network grew to with a potential an audience of 144 million in the Asia and Pacific region.
 
“The termination of the contract led to redundancies within the ABC and had affected the organisation’s ability to maintain its international broadcasting responsibilities.”
 
On Monday the ABC will launch Australia Plus, a new multi-platform international service which will screen blocks of ABC entertainment, sport, education and English learning content through Asia and Pacific broadcast partners.
 
Network partners include NowTV in Hong Kong, Astro and TM Net in Malaysia, Singtel and Starhub in Singapore, Indovision and Telkomvision in Indonesia, True Visions and Thai Cable Holdings in Thailand, Dream, Sky Cable and Cignal in the Philippines and DD Direct in India.
 
“The Australia Plus international media service is a digital-led multiplatform service, it is a fully commercial service and will be working closely with business to enhance their opportunities for market access and growth across the region,” the ABC spokesman said.
 
Australia Plus will also ensure big events from Australia including the Melbourne Cup, Sydney’s New Year’s Eve Fireworks and the Sydney to Hobart Yacht Race air in the region.
 
Bishop said the ABC’s failure to meet its obligations and the “corrupted tender process” which delivered the national broadcaster the contract had convinced the Government there were “much more creative” ways to promote Australia abroad.
 
However, she said the decision to end the service had been taken by ABC management.
 
“It’s up to the ABC to determine how it wants to prioritise the taxpayer money that it gets now,” she said.
 
“But I don’t believe that it was meeting its contractual obligations to the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade in promoting Australia abroad through the Australia Network.
 
“So I’m looking at other alternatives where I think we can do it in a much more creative and positive way.”
 
The Government will also save $43.5 million over four years from cuts to the base funding of the ABC and SBS.
 
Communications minister Malcolm Turnbull has described the 1 per cent budget cut as a “down-payment” on the recommendations of an Efficiency Study, which the Minister commissioned earlier this year.

SOURCE: ABC/PACNEWS

BUSINESS

27) Miner inks deal, has 95% shares

Source: 
The National, Monday 29th of September, 2014

 A CANADIAN mineral company has signed a share purchase agreement for 95% interest in gold tenements in West New Britain and Milne Bay provinces.
Trigold is working with governmental entities and expects to receive approval from the Mineral Resources Authority for the renewal of the PNG Tenements next month.
The tenements comprise of three separate gold-copper-silver projects located in West New Britain, and Alotau and Fergusson.
All the projects have reasonable access and active small scale artisanal mining. 
The renewal of each of the exploration licences together with the approval of applicable governmental entities is a condition to closing of the transaction on Oct 21. 
Based on a deemed price per common share of US$0.10 (0.25t), the value of the total deemed consideration for the transaction is US$202,000 (K501,241). 
The consideration shares will be subject to a four month restricted period in accordance with the policies of the Toronto Stock Exchange Venture Exchangeand applicable securities law requirements. 

28) New pact to promote coffee at airports

Source: 
The National, Monday 29th of September, 2014

 THE Coffee Industry Corporation (CIC) and National Airports Corporation (NAC) have entered into 
an agreement to promote Papua New Guinea coffee at major airports.
The deal was signed by acting CIC chief executive Anton Benjamin and his NAC counterpart Joseph Tupiri at the awards night of the inaugural PNG Coffee Growers’ Cupping Competition in Port Moresby on Friday.
The winner of the competition, Kanite Kirapim Association of  
remote Okapa, in Eastern Highlands, will have exclusive 
rights to sell coffee at all of NAC’s 23 airports including Jackson 
International Airport in Port Moresby.
Benjamin said CIC would 
work  with NAC to promote PNG coffee both locally and internationally.
“What’s an airport guy doing here at a coffee cupping competition?” Tupiri said.
“I had an idea to promote PNG coffee at our airports throughout Papua New Guinea.
“The winner of tonight will have exclusive rights to sell at NAC’s 23 airports in PNG.
“Extending the (Jackson) Airport terminal building at the 
moment, we are creating a coffee house, which will be opened next July.
“The winner of tonight will have exclusive rights to sell coffee at the airport.
“We are partnering with CIC to promote coffee where National Airports Corporation goes in the world.
“In 10 years; time, that story might lead to something greater,” Tupiri said.
“We might have people buying coffee big time from Papua New Guinea.”
 
nSee related story on Page 8 – ‘Okapa wins coffee comp’

29) Chinese trade delegates pays visit

Source: 
The National, Monday 29th of September, 2014

 A TRADE delegation from China was in Port Moresby last week to assess investment opportunities including fisheries in the country.
The visit by the Department of Commerce Industry and International Relations team from Fuzhou City, Fujian province, stemmed from discussions they had with the Mineral Resources Authority.
The authority met with the delegation during the 7th International Nickel Summit in Fuzhou recently when it was invited to make presentations on the country’s mining industry.
MRA managing director Philip Samar undertook to connect the delegation with other economic agencies of the government.
Delegation leader, and the Department of Commerce vice director general in Fuzhou, Chen An Sheng, said he will return to the country with industry partners to have meetings with the PNG Government.
Samar said with regards to the investment opportunities in the mining sector, a number of small to medium size mining projects needed financial backing and these were some of the opportunities they could consider investing in. 
The delegation expressed interest in investment opportunities in nickel cobalt and iron sands projects in Papua New Guinea.
Samar told the delegation that, MRA would be happy to facilitate any negotiation between them and the concerned exploration companies.

30) Solomon Islands workers head out to NZ


By Online Editor
7:12 pm GMT+12, 28/09/2014, Solomon Islands 

As the orchards of New Zealand become ready for harvesting more and more of our local workers are now heading overseas to join hundreds of other Pacific Islanders in harvesting fruits from various farms and orchards.
 
Fifteen seasonal workers recruited  under the New Zealand Recognised Seasonal Employer (RSE)  bound for the shores of the New Zealand received a pre-departure briefing from officials of the Labour Mobility Unit(LMU)  within the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and External Trade.
 
The pre departure briefing is a key exercise carried out by government officials to prepare workers who travel to New Zealand and Australia for seasonal work.
 
During the briefing the LMU Officials told the workers to be a good Solomon Islands citizen when in New Zealand and to respect and abide by the host country’s laws.  .
 
Some of the messages highlighted by LMU officials during the pre-departure orientation include the need for each individual worker to set aim and objective which they need to work toward achieving.
 
They were told that it’s no use going to New Zealand  to work and come home with nothing.
 
The LMU officials also told workers to stay away from alcohol abuse because this can lead you to commit severe crime which you are liable to be prosecuted.
 
“Spending money on alcohol also reduces your ability to save money which in turn affects you from achieving your personal aim,” the officials told the workers
 
The workers were also told that the LMU has zero tolerance on people who abuse their opposite sex.
 
“For men especially, you must treat your fellow women with high respect like you would treat your own sisters and brothers.
 
“Those that found to abuse their opposite sex will risk their chance of going back the next season,” the workers were told.
 
Meanwhile, the Deputy Director of Trade  Jack O’oi who stressed to the workers that they must always watch out for each other and act as a family when working in New Zealand.
 
The 11 girls and four men left for New Zealand on Wednesday  where they will spend four months working in Northland region.
 
The group of workers were recruited by Islander Agency.

SOURCE: SOLOMON STAR/PACNEWS

31) Solomons Logging Company Defies Seizure Order
Firm allegedly logs outside licensed area, illegally moves machinery

By Ednal Palmer

HONIARA, Solomon Islands (Solomon Star, Sept. 29, 2014) – Samlimsan logging company trading as Macranka Timber Enterprise has allegedly shrugged off a seizure order and escaped with machines.

Bishop Tuhenua, a local who operates Isles Tropical Timber Limited in Rennell Island said the logging machineries were ‘silently’ loaded onto two barges and shipped from Rennell Island last week.

“The first barge with the first shipment of the logging machineries left Rennell on Wednesday last week. The second one left last Thursday afternoon,” Mr Tuhenua said.

More in4 – Solomon Star

LAW&ORDER

32) More aid to PNG Police

By Online Editor
10:31 pm GMT+12, 28/09/2014, Papua New Guinea 

Australian Federal Police (AFP) assistance to Papua New Guinea police is only beginning, says AFP commander and Assistance Commissioner Allen Scott.
 
Scott said that during the National Capital District’s police commanders’ quarterly parade at Boroko Police Station in Port Moresby last Friday.
 
He said more assistance would come in the form of maintaining and extending police stations in Gerehu, Hohola and Down Town.
 
“These would give the police personnel enough space to work actively and effectively,” he said.
 
Scott said there would be an extension of existing police stations and more new police stations would be erected in Lae under the PNG-Australian police partnership.
 
He said that through the partnership, some police personnel from PNG were undergoing  special training with the Australian Federal Police under PNG-Australia exchange training programme in Canberra and Northern Territory, Australia
 
“When these trainees return, they will be engaged in the Bomana Police College to teach and train the new recruits.” who will be undergoing training to join the Royal Papua New Guinea Constabulary,” he said.
 
Meanwhile, the PNG government has launched its campaign against cybercrime by setting up a taskforce to develop appropriate legislation, and allocating K1.32 million (US$531,959) to conduct awareness among officials and the people.
 
Communication and Information Technology Minister Jimmy Miringtoro said the increasing use of the internet and digital technologies by adults and children in the country was “opening up possibilities” for criminal activities such as sexual exploitation of children, fraud, hacking, money laundering and theft. The other threats are cyber-stalking, cyber-bullying and identity theft.
 
The taskforce comprised officials from State agencies and stakeholders.  
 
Cabinet has allocated K1.32m to conduct awareness among the people, “build capacity and train judges, court officials and the police” on cybercrime. He said a “well-equipped cybercrime unit” will be set up in the police force to deal with electronic evidence and to facilitate the sharing of information with international agencies.
 
The Communication and Information Department and the National Information and Communications Technology Authority will be responsible for implementing the cybercrime policy, he said in a statement.
 
“The policy will ensure that the country is prepared to respond to cybercrime by setting a course of action,” he said.
 
The key priorities are:
*Protecting PNG people from cybercrime;
*preserving our cultural and traditional values;
*creating a safer cyber environment for all users;
*building trust and confidence in electronic or e-commerce;
*ensuring that PNG laws on cybercrime are in harmony with other regional and international laws dealing with cybercrime (and cyber security issues);
*promoting and enhancing international cooperation in addressing and combating cybercrimes;
 *strengthening PNG’s law enforcement capacity in addressing and combating cybercrime (and cyber-security issues);
 *increasing awareness, education and training on cybercrime (and cyber-security issues) within PNG; and,
Ensuring effective coordination and collaboration among law enforcement agencies and stakeholders.
 
“In today’s highly interconnected world, the number, sophistication and impact of cybercrimes continue to grow and pose a serious threat to individuals, businesses and governments,” he said.
 
“PNG has a steadily growing internet and mobile handset subscribers, while more and younger people now have a Facebook account.”
 
He said internet service providers would be asked to “share information”.
 
“PNG recognises the social and economic benefits attributed to developments brought about by the advances made in the information and communication technology,” he said.
 
“However the use of ICT poses security concerns to individuals, businesses and the public sector which need to be addressed.”.

SOURCE: THE NATIONAL/PACNEWS

CLIMATE CHANGE,CONSERVATION & ENVIROMENT

33) Drought affects livestock

Repeka Nasiko
Monday, September 29, 2014

THE livestock sector has been drastically affected by the dry spell over the Western Division.

Principal agricultural officer Vinesh Kumar says there have been reported cases of livestock deaths in the region.

“The Ba and Nadi districts have reported deaths of large animals, goats and sheep. Preliminary investigations have revealed that though the dry spell may be a contributing factor for the deaths, the cause is not primarily due to starvation or dehydration,” he said.

“We have to understand that during the dry spell, animals are under stress and in certain cases they become malnourished and are vulnerable to secondary infections, diseases and worms.”

Mr Kumar said another sector also affected was the dairy exports from the region.

“Milk production has also reduced from 4.5litres to three litres per cow now.

“Animal feed, pasture and fodder have remained a challenge as large areas with good pasture have been lost in fires during the start of the dry spell.

“Most sugarcane farmers are harvesting burnt cane and this has reduced the quality of cane tops for animal bulk feed. The fires have also burnt beyond farm boundaries that typically are reserved by canefarmers for grazing their animals.”

He said as a result animals were straying to other areas in search of food.

“We have an issue of stray animals and we are advising farmers to secure their animals and ensure they are kept within the farm boundaries.”http://www.fijitimes.com/story.aspx?id=281554

HISTORICAL EVENT

34) Sukuna and Bureloa

Ilaitia Turagabeci 
Monday, September 29, 2014

UNDER the towering backdrop of Uluiqalau, from where water and mana from the unique Lake Tagimoucia flowed, the paramount chief of Cakaudrove did what some of his people found hard to digest.

His profound apology to the people of Tokaimalo for the greed and ignorance that led to the event of October 15, 2011, moved these people from Ra.

Ratu Naiqama Lalabalavu’s matanigasau on behalf of the chiefly clan to the descendants of the Ra warriors — who left their homes in 1846 to protect his forefather, Tuikilakila, and quell a rebellion in Natewa against him — gave them some semblance of who they were.

For these people, most of who could only speak in the Cakaudrove gato dialect, having being raised in Dreketi, Yacata and elsewhere in Cakaudrove, the Tui Cakau’s gesture seeking forgiveness for the wrongs done against them meant the world to them.

After detouring to Somosomo on the way to Viti Levu from Lakeba in 1853, Radroni, the leader of the Nakorotubu warriors, was left behind there, tala biu, by Bau’s war canoes.

The Bureloa chief and his inner circle were taken there for a qusi ni loaloa but found themselves stuck on it, minus the privileges of their vanua of Tokaimalo in Bureloa in Ra.

That gift of land was reduced during a butu vanua led by Ratu Epeli Ganilau and Ratu Lewenilovo in 1924 and again in 1980, through a decision by Ratu Penaia Ganilau to take back more of their qusi ni loaloa.

After bad luck fell on the chiefly clan in the years that followed, Ratu Naiqama realised they had to rectify the situation.

To save his people from the bad omen that followed them, he went on his knees and offered a tabua to Radroni’s bloodline.

Tokaimalo and Bureloa historian Ilaitia Galu Bale said that matanigasau was a historical and momentous occasion for the mataqali Valelevu and the people of Tokaimalo.

People of Somosomo were now enlightened about the truth of the origins of these people who once occupied Dreketi, established by Radroni on the other bank of the Somosomo River.

“A chief who recognises the people around him and is humble enough to acknowledge the wrongs done to some of them by his own is indeed a great chief,” Mr Bale said.

“The understanding between Tuikilakila and Radroni had been breached over the years and Ratu Naiqama’s action somewhat restored the identity of our Tokaimalo people.”

Ratu Naiqama offered Koroqele — land that was taken in 1980 — back to Radroni’s bloodline, saying that piece of land was supposed to have been titled freehold.

When Radroni’s descendants returned to Suva the following week, they met the other members of the Tokaimalo clan, descendents of those who stayed behind in Ra when Radroni and the Nakorotubu army went to war.

During a thanksgiving service, they decided to pray for the Tui Cakau, the vanua of Lalagavesi, the school at Koroqele, where many unexplained events had taken place, the students and the teachers.

They wanted all the bad omen that had befallen the chiefly family and the land at Somosomo to end.

In an emotional reunion of the Tokaimalo families, who were shown the tabua the Tui Cakau had offered as his matanigasau, the future that Radroni had once thought he had lost, was restored.

Rain began to fall when the prayers started and immediately after it ended, the rain stopped.

It seemed the heavens had acknowledged the cries of the people of Tokaimalo.

The picture was clearer.

While there was no proper road to Bureloa — where Radroni’s grandson, Akuila Turagabeci, who was raised on Yacata and Taveuni and finally stepped foot in Ra in 1980 and died there a year later — the will to journey home was strengthened.

What Turagabeci did in 1980 was open the door back home.

The land where he lay, on a small hill he named Vunibua overlooking the old village site of Bureloa, had a lot of meaning not only to him and his kind, but also to the man who was among those who removed the rest of the Tokaimalo people in the 1930s.

Ratu Sir Lala Sukuna had walked these sacred lands and talked the people out of the bush and moved them closer to the Kings Rd that was being built.

Once the people, descendants of Radroni’s younger brother, Luke Waqabuli, the hunchbacked chief who accepted Christianity in 1856, were removed, the jungle enveloped the villages of Laba, Draunaleka and Bureloa, the vanua of Tokaimalo.

Ratu Sukuna’s connection with Radroni went all the way before him. His ancestor, Ratu Seru Cakobau, had tried unsuccessfully to infiltrate the bush of Bureloa to extend his power base.

Bureloa was the one place Cakobau couldn’t penetrate.

He came up with another plan. When the Tui Cakau was encountering “problems” at Natewa, he asked Verata, which had tradional links with Nakorotubu, to seek the help of that mighty army.

Radroni and Co agreed to Verata’s request and left the bush to board Bau’s canoes for Cakaudrove.

The chief of Bureloa had been smartly removed.

Ratu Sukuna, who was born on Bau in 1888, had become the leading and most influential indigenous statesman.

It was here in Bureloa that he came to spend some time alone before making his exit through Saioko, on the Ra coast.

The people of Saioko, regarded the centre of the bay, the boto ni toba, watched the Fijian chief come through and go on his way.

That was the last Ratu Sukuna saw the land of the Tokaimalo people.

He left Fiji for India on the Arcadia and died in the Indian Ocean before he could reach there.

What he went to do in Bureloa remains a mystery.

The old folks in 1980, when Turagabeci first arrived there, spoke of a pond, named tobu ni Salau, close to Bureloa which Ratu Sukuna spent time at.

Known for its huge freshwater fish, the vo, the pond was named after a woman who was spirit guardian of the Dewala River.

Mr Bale said no one would ever know what Ratu Sukuna’s motives were at that time.

“Was he there to see the land that he had emptied of its people? Was he there because of some ulterior motive? Or was he there because of guilt? The guilt of having a hand in the continuous removal of the Tokaimalo people from the land,” said Mr Bale.

“We will never know the truth of his visit to Bureloa.”

What is known, a realisation that came years later, is that Ratu Sukuna was only part of a bigger plot hatched well before his time.

He was an instrument used to try and complete it. That mission failed in the end.

Ratu Sukuna himself left some evidence behind. Whether it was deliberate or an oversight, that is not known.

A coincidence and ironical it may be, but in death Ratu Sukuna finally met Radroni.

It happened at the boto ni yala in Somosomo, the same place Radroni stepped off the Bauan war canoe that took him there.

The vanua that had a connection with both men for different reasons would bring them together.

* NEXT WEEK: Ratu Sukuna in Radroni’s house.

* The author has maternal links to the yavusa Tokaimalo from Bureloa.

148 years after Christianity arrived in Bureloa, the stronghold of the Tokaimalo people in Ra, the torch pilgrimage last month that signified the return of light to a dark part of the province’s history sheds light on an ancient conspiracy that led to an attempt to annihilate the rulers of the once impenetrable domain. In Part 8 of this series, ILAITIA TURAGABECI tells their story.http://www.fijitimes.com/story.aspx?id=281575

SPORTS

35) PNG cricketers snap losing streak

29 September 2014
It’s taken four games but the Papua New Guinea cricketers finally secured their first victory in the South Australian Premier League, beating the Southern Force by three wickets in Darwin on Sunday.

A day after losing to the Northern Mavericks, the Barramundi’s restricted the Force to just 211 for 9 from their 50 overs, with Assad Vala snaring 3 for 37 off six overs.

In reply, Tony Ura anchored the PNG innings with 76 from 72 balls while Mahura Dai added 66 as the visitors reached their target with 12 overs and three wickets to spare.

The team now heads to Adelaide to begin their T20 campaign against the Outbacks on Saturday.http://www.radionz.co.nz/international/pacific-news/255741/sport-png-cricketers-snap-losing-streak

36) Pacific Cup draws

Zanzeer Singh
Monday, September 29, 2014

THE pool draws for the 2014 Pacific Cup will take place before the Nadi versus Tailevu Naitasiri Courts Inter District Championship clash at Prince Charles Park this Saturday.

The four local teams to participate at the 2014 Pacific Cup in Sydney, Australia have been confirmed.

Fiji Football Association president Rajesh Patel said Rewa, Ba, Suva and Nadi would represent the nation.

Patel said all costs for the four local sides would be accommodated by the organisers.

The Pacific Cup which has become an annual event was made possible through a partnership between Fiji FA, NZ Fiji FA Inc and Australia Fiji FA.

Nadi is the defending champion while Rewa will make their first appearance at the event which is for the first time being held in Australia.

The four sides were selected based on their performance in the 2014 season.

The Pacific Cup will be played from November 19-23 at the Sydney United Football Stadium.

Patel also confirmed Bob Nair had been appointed as a liaison officer for Fiji FA in Australia after consultation with Australia Fiji FA.http://www.fijitimes.com/story.aspx?id=281604

37) Fiji to host National Anti-Doping Workshop ahead of new WADA Code 

By Online Editor
7:25 pm GMT+12, 28/09/2014, Fiji 

Fiji is due to host a National Anti-Doping Workshop to prepare its athletes and officials ahead of next year’s new World Anti-Doping Code.
     
The event, which follows the inaugural regional anti-doping workshop that took place in Nadi last year, is being held at the invitation of the Oceania Regional Anti Doping Organisation, and in conjunction with Drugs Free Sport Fiji and the Fiji Association of Sports and National Olympic Committee (FASANOC) Medical Commission and will be staged in Suva on October 4.
 
As well as officials, it will also target the country’s 39 member national sport federations to ensure nationwide consistency when the World Anti-Doping Agency introduces its new code on January 1, 2015, while helping the country’s delegation that will travel to the Port Moresby 2015 Pacific Games.
 
About 100 people are expected to attend the “interactive, engaging and fun” workshop that will provide information about the dangers of doping, drugs testing procedures and processes, and the dos and don’ts of a healthy lifestyle.
 
“We felt this was an excellent opportunity to educate the administrators and team officials in the first instance and have them on side on the importance of anti-doping education so that they will ensure that the message is shared with their athletes,” Lorraine Mar, FASANOC’s secretary general and chief executive, told insidethegames.
 
She added that further one-on-one workshops will also be held exclusively for Fijian athletes in the near future.

SOURCE: INSIDE THE GAMES/PACNEWS

38) Tiki Toa too strong for England

29 September 2014

The Tahiti beach soccer team has beaten England 3-2 in Papeete, to complete a clean sweep in their two-match series and mark the one year anniversary of hosting the World Cup in style.

Outgoing Tiki Toa coach Angelo Schirinzi, who led the team to a fourth-placed finish at last year’s World Cup, was on hand to receive the perfect send-off before returning to his duties as player-coach with the Swiss national team.

The next World Cup is in Portugal in July, with dates for the Oceania Championship qualifying series still to be confirmed.http://www.radionz.co.nz/international/pacific-news/255738/sport-tiki-toa-too-strong-for-england

39) Samoa Rugby Union backs Asian Super Rugby bid

29 September 2014
The Samoa Rugby Union has formally endorsed the Asia Pacific Dragons to be the 18th Super Rugby team when the competition expands in 2016.

The two parties have signed a Memorandum of Understanding that outlines how the Dragons will provide a meaningful pathway for Samoan rugby players if the bid is successful.

The Prime Minister and Chairman of the Samoa Rugby Union,Tuilaepa Sailele Malielegaoi, thanked the Dragons for taking the initiative to open talks with the Samoa Union and says they now hope SANZAR gives the Singapore-based team the green light.

Argentina and South Africa have already been awarded new franchises for the proposed expansion however reports in the last few days suggest the rival Japanese bid has the upper hand over the Dragons.http://www.radionz.co.nz/international/pacific-news/255737/sport-samoa-rugby-union-backs-asian-super-rugby-bid  

40a) Boks win over the Wallabies

Aap
Monday, September 29, 2014

South Africa – Gritty, courageous and disciplined Wallabies defence praised as “awesome” and “outstanding” by rival coaches could only hold on for so long.

The spirited Australians were credited with 250 tackles at Newlands, among the biggest counts seen in Test rugby, as South Africa were repelled for 70 minutes of an absorbing Rugby Championship encounter.

But once the dam wall broke, cracked open by a Pat Lambie field goal after 29 relentless phases for a 11-10 lead as there was no way back for Australia on Saturday night.

Boks skipper Jean de Villiers dived over for two of the three tries that followed to make good on his team’s plan to break down the energy-sapped tourists late in the 28-10 win.

“It came down to that and once we got that momentum and the crowd got behind us we were unstoppable at stages,” de Villiers said.

“It was probably one of the best 10-minute periods I’ve been involved in.

“I don’t think it was the opposition that was the issue there.

“It was a special performance. I’d rate it among the top 10 (in his 101 Test career).”

Tireless Wallabies flanker Scott Fardy led the way throughout, tackling and stealing, and reactivated hooker Saia Fainga’a stepped up brilliantly and ran himself into the ground.

“Our tackling had been outstanding in the first 60,” coach Ewen McKenzie said.

Centre Tevita Kuridrani, who set up Adam Ashley-Cooper’s try, was a constant thorn in the Boks’ side with 16 tackle-shedding runs and two line breaks.

But South Africa mentor Heyneke Meyer felt Australia’s travel schedule, landing in Cape Town on Monday night, caught up with them.

“I thought we played some great rugby at times but their defence was awesome,” he said.

“I thought it was an unbelievable Test match. The ball-in-play time was probably the highest ever and both teams wanted to keep on attacking.”

40b) Bulldogs through to NRL grand final

Aap
Monday, September 29, 2014

SYDNEY – Canterbury stood up to be counted at ANZ Stadium on Saturday night, overcoming Penrith 18-12 to book a place in next weekend’s NRL grand final.

Captain Michael Ennis didn’t return after halftime because of a foot injury and would have to be in extreme doubt for the showdown against South Sydney next Sunday, but his absence only made a gutsy Bulldogs dig deeper.

Penrith set up a thrilling finish when flying winger Dallin Watene-Zelezniak cut the margin to six with eight minutes left, but in the end were left to rue three critical Jamal Idris mistakes.

In the end, the brick-wall blue and white defence led by inspirational Canterbury prop James Graham proved too strong.

It’s the Bulldogs second grand final appearance in three seasons under coach Des Hasler, with their 2012 campaign ending in disappointment against Melbourne.

Two of the proudest and best supported clubs in the league, South Sydney and Canterbury, have only faced off in a grand final once before, way back in 1967 a match won by the Rabbitohs.

Souths are chasing a first premiership in 43 years, but the Bulldogs will be no less hungry having gone 10 years without a title.

Former Bulldog Idris had a forgettable night.

The big centre grassed a perfectly-placed cross-field kick shortly after the break which would have led to the Panthers equalising at 12-12.

With four minutes remaining and Penrith deep on the attack looking to push the game to golden point, Idris was crunched by opposite number Tim Lafai and coughed up possession.

The Panthers never got another chance.

Englishman Graham sensed his side was losing their grip on the contest early in the second half, despite being up 12-6 on the scoreboard, and decided to get in the face of Penrith lynchpin Jamie Soward.

The intimidation tactics appeared to work as the Panthers bumbled several attacking chances, before Corey Thompson latched onto Idris’ intercept pass and turned defence into attack for Canterbury.

Penrith forward Lewis Brown produced an extraordinary try-saving tackle on Sam Perrett.

But the Bulldogs weren’t to be denied and on the next set after a drop-out, Greg Eastwood poked his head through the line and sent Dale Finucane over for the decisive try which put Canterbury up by 12 with 22 minutes remaining.

Canterbury’s dummy-half play was stop-start without Ennis, but they will face a South Sydney side next week who could also be without their No.9 – Issac Luke facing sanction over a dangerous throw.

www.voiceofmelanesia.com

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