Smol Melanesian Na Pasifik Nius Digest # 1113 ( Thursday 7 September 2017 )

MELANESIA

1) Australian South Sea Islander Recognition Symposium to mark the 110th anniversary of the mass deportation of Pacific Islanders from Australia as well as 170 years since the first Melanesian labourers were brought to NSW  

6th September 2017.

Whilst we remember with great shame and now publicise the injustices perpetrated against Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders during post NAIDOC week, another injustice remains unspoken—that of the appalling treatment of South Sea Islander people.

Between 1863 and 1904, an estimated 62,500 South Sea Islanders were brought to Australia to labour on sugarcane and cotton farms and in pastoral areas in Queensland and northern New South Wales. These labourers were called ‘Kanakas’ (a Hawaiian word meaning ’man’) and came from more than 80 Pacific Islands, including Vanuatu (then called the ’New Hebrides’) and the Solomon Islands, and to a lesser extent, from New Caledonia, Papua New Guinea, Kiribati, Tuvalu and Fiji.

These people were mostly forcibly removed from their homes in a practice of kidnapping and trickery known as ’blackbirding’ (a word derived from the African slave trade).

In 1901, four decades after their arrival in Queensland, and six decades after their arrival in NSW, Australia ‘thanked’ the Pacific Islander people it had enslaved by legislating their deportation, in the name of “White Australia.” At that time there were 10,000 Islanders in Australia.

 

More than 7,000 Pacific Islanders were expelled from Australia under this policy. Their few descendants created the modern Australian South Sea Islander community. They have survived discrimination and the only mass deportation of an ethnic group in Australian history. Today, they too are part of multicultural Australia, but they have never forgotten.”

Shireen Malamoo (Aboriginal/Kanak) says Australia is the only democratic country in the world that has recruited and deported on-masse an entire race of people: “Tell the truth of a nation and we all grow up,” she says.

Emelda Davis, second generation Kanak and MA Research candidate says, “In the first half of the 1860’s the United States fought a civil war over the abolition of the slave trade. At the same time slavery was beginning in the Pacific Islands and to its full capacity in Queensland.

 

Colonialism imposed cultural kidnapping on our people creating mayhem for Indigenous peoples of the Pacific and Australia. We are 170 years later and our mob are just beginning to understand their historical kinship/bloodlines due to Blackbirding as we were absorbed under the Aboriginal Protection Acts onto missions and reserves.”

 

In 1994 the Commonwealth of Australia acknowledged Australian South Sea Islanders as a ‘distinct cultural group’, recognised for their significant contribution to the economy of Australia. Now, 23 years later, little has changed.”

 

 The term ‘Australian South Sea Islander’ (ASSI) is the specific title of the descendants of those South Sea Islanders (SSI) Blackbirded to Australia in the 1800s.

 

The rhetoric of government recognition lingers throughout our community, which has a strong kinship with Indigenous Australia.

 

In 2017, Australia’s South Sea Islander population still faces discrimination. There is no definitive way of counting the group; they have never been included directly in the Census. There is no box to tick. As a result, access to services, support and facilities remains elusive.

An estimated 70,000 Australian of South Sea Islander descent slip through the cracks of Multiculturalism and Indigenous Affairs. They remain significantly marginalised, forgotten peoples. We require a national action plan that addresses social justice needs for our specific community group.

Australian Bureau of Statistics say  “ There was a significant increase in the number of people that indicated in the 2016 Census that they had Australian South Sea Islander ancestry seeing a 133% increase on figures from 2011 of those that declared they had ASSI ancestry”.

Australian South Sea Islander Recognition Symposium, Sydney 2017

The Maritime Union of Australia (MUA) http://www.mua.org.au/ , Australian National Maritime Museum https://anmm.blog/ and Shelly Legal http://www.shellylegal.com.au/are working with the Australian South Sea Islanders (Port Jackson) http://www.assipj.com.au/ to host the 2017 Commemoration symposium in memory of those who had their families torn apart and those that lost their lives because of the Blackbirding trade. ASSIs were recognised by the Commonwealth as a ‘distinct’ cultural group and still suffer the ongoing marginalisation and discrimination that alienates them from meaningful programs and services.

 

GUEST SPEAKERS:

 

MRS BONITA MABO,AO – HONORARY PATRON: Mrs Bonita Mabo, like her late husband (Eddie Koiki Mabo), has always been an activist, and recognised as an Officer (AO) in the General Division of the Order of Australia for “distinguished service to the indigenous community and to human rights as an advocate for the Aboriginal, Torres Strait Islander and South Sea Islander peoples”. As an honorary patron Mrs Bonita Mabo AO assists in the very critical work ahead of drawing the public and Commonwealth and State Government attention to many issues concerning the tragic history and abuses of South Sea Islander human rights in Australia during 19th and 20th century.

ASSIPJ FOUNDER SHIREEN MALAMOO: Shireen Malamoo is an artist, singer and active community leader, born in Ayr North Queensland and currently living in Redfern Sydney. Shireen has been involved in Aboriginal affairs on both a local and national level all her life and these experiences have significantly influenced her artwork. Shireen sat for ten years on the Justice Health Board, AHMRC – Ethics Committee (2007-2017) and The Roberta Sykes Indigenous Education Foundation. Shireen was one of our former ATSIC Commissioners (1991-1993) and sat on the NSW Parole Board for 9 years (1994 – 2003). Shireen has extensive experience in the management of non-government services for the Aboriginal community including the Aboriginal Legal Service, the Aboriginal Media Association and the Aboriginal Medical Service in Townsville. 2011 saw Shireens role on the City of Sydney Indigenous advisory panel bring about the inclusion of the word ‘Invasion’ as part of the preamble to Sydney. Shireen as founding board member of ASSIPJ, they have successfully engaged with a national ASSI and Indigenous community through five ‘Wantok capacity building’ workshops between 2011 to 2015. With the pro bono support of Gilbert & Tobin Lawyers, a National ASSI Association constitution was widely consulted, distributed for comment and adopted. 2013 also saw a successful collaboration with Member for Sydney Alex Greenwich’s motion that gained bipartisan support for NSW Recognition of ASSIs.

EMERITUS PROFESSOR CLIVE MOORE: Professor Clive Moore was born in Mackay, home to the largest Australian South Sea Islander community. He taught at James Cook University, University of Papua New Guinea, and Queensland University until her retirement at the end of 2015. His research links with the South Sea Islander community go back to 1974. Clive has published more about Australian South Sea Islanders than anyone else. He edited The Forgotten People (1979) and is author of Kanaka: A History of Melanesian Mackay (1985). He has assisted ASSI PJ in its efforts to have their voice heard politically and created a series of historical information sheets. Recently he investigated the Queensland Pacific Islander Fund which included the possible misappropriating of the wages of deceased Islanders, and their misuse by the Queensland and Commonwealth Governments. Tonight he will talk about the ‘Deportation’ years 1901-1908 when the Australian Government heartlessly set about deporting all South Sea Islanders.

PETER PRINCE: Dr Peter Prince has spent the last 15 years working on ‘aliens’, much to the amusement of his children. In 2016 he completed a PhD thesis with the ANU College of Law on misuse of the word ‘alien’ in nineteenth and twentieth century Australia. His presentation today concerns an icon of modern Australia – Sir Samuel Griffith – and the 1906 High Court case (still cited as an authority today) which endorsed the federal government’s expulsion of the Pacific Islander community as a key element of its White Australia policy.

JEFF McMULLEN: For over 50 years Dr Jeff McMullen AM has been a journalist, author and film maker.  As a foreign correspondent, Four Corners and Sixty Minutes reporter, he has campaigned in several nations to bring to the world’s attention injustices against many peoples including the slaughter in the Amazon, Guatemala and  Rwanda but especially the injustices suffered here in Australia by the First Peoples.. The Australian National Maritime Museum has acquired Jeff’s latest documentary, East Coast Encounter, a collaboration of artists and historians to explore the Indigenous view of James Cook’s impact on communities along the Eastern coastline.  Jeff is also a Director of AIME (Australian Indigenous Mentoring Experience), Engineering Aid Australias’s Indigenous Summer School program and he led the establishment of a literacy program in 20 Northern Territory communities.

 

Join us:

TIME:    6:00pm refreshments I DATE:   Friday 8th September 2017 VENUE: (free entry)

MUA Union rooms

365 Sussex St Sydney, NSW

6pm start (hope to see you there)

Media contact: 0416300946 Emelda Davis

 

 

Credit : (Waskam) Emelda Davis 

Masters of Arts (Research) candidate UTS-FASS: ARC Scholarship recipient

‘Children of the Sugar Slaves’

Emelda.M.Davis@student.uts.edu.au

currently:

President – ASSI (Port Jackson) Ltd.

Australian South Sea Islanders NSW State Alliance (working group)

National ASSI Association – round table

PO Box 117, Pyrmont SYDNEY NSW 2009

email: assi.pj@gmail.com

mobile: 0416300946

watch video: ABC TV Late Line

http://www.assipj.com.au/video/

watch video: Wantok 2012 National Conference – Bundaberg Queensland

http://www.assipj.com.au/wantok-2012-videos/

join us on facebook

http://www.facebook.com/groups/assipj/

Historical facts:

– 62,000 individual South Sea Islanders, 95% men, were kidnapped, tricked and coerced from Vanuatu, Solomon’s and 80 surrounding islands starting in NSW in 1847, with the majority entering Queensland between 1860 and 1908.
– 30%, around 15,000 people, died due to lack of immunity and maltreatment deceased estate wages were used to pay for the Commonwealth Government’s inhumane mass deportation of up to 10,000 Islanders under the White Australia Policy.

– Mandatory deportation required Islanders to pay a portion of their return fare from their pittance of a wage.
– The Australian Census doesn’t reflect the 50,000 plus surviving descendants today

– ASSI have an identified kinship with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities, given they worked in the same areas, were placed on same missions, and under the same Acts of Parliament.

– They built direct bloodlines through these interracial marriages. Torres Strait Islanders have the most prominent ASSI ancestry, as ASSI were taken into the Torres Strait from 1860 onwards for the pearling and bêche-de-mer industries as well as through the London Missionary Society. The most significant ASSI ‘colony’ is on Mua (St Pauls) Island in Torres Strait, established by the Anglican Church in the 1900s. ASSI also worked closely with Aborigines in the pastoral industry.


2) Petition for West Papuan independence vote to go to UN

6:38 pm GMT+12, 06/09/2017, Switzerland

West Papuan independence campaigners are set to petition the United Nations, with signatures of people inside the Indonesian province, when the General Assembly sits later this month.

They’ve said obtaining the endorsements came at great risk to all involved.

The journey to New York went via Geneva in late August when a British team swam with a symbolic version of the petition across the lake to the UN’s Geneva office.

The 72 kilometre swim drew attention to the petition and to the hurdles ahead in getting it to the UN General Assembly.

The exiled West Papuan independence leader Benny Wenda has said he’ll present the document to the Secretary General and the C24, the special committee on decolonisation.

He said there was a rigorous process underway to verify the thousands of signatures received so far from within Indonesia’s Papua region.

“Indonesia’s always saying it’s just a handful of people that are talking about independence, it’s just a dream and fantasy, but now we show that all the minorities are wanting independence,” Wenda said.

“That means Indonesia’s presence in West Papua is illegal.”

Swimming across Lake Geneva has not been the only obstacle in getting the petition to New York.

Free West Papua campaigners have drawn attention to the 42 people they’ve said have been tortured and the two people who had been arrested in the Indonesian province as a direct consequence of the petition.

Campaigners said one of them was a member of the pro-independence National Committee for West Papua, the KNPB.

Yanto Awerkion was arrested on 23 June, according to Free West Papua campaigners, at a rally which promoted the petition.

They said he was still in custody after being charged with treason, a crime which can carry a life sentence in Indonesia.

The harsh treatment has driven many West Papuans into exile.

A representative from the Free West Papua Campaign in the Netherlands, Oridek Ap, said he fled the Indonesian occupied territory 34 years ago.

“I’ve never been back to Papua since Indonesia killed my father in 1984,” said Ap.

“His death is my motivation to stand up for my people.”

His father, the musician and anthropologist Arnold Ap, died in prison where he was being held without charges.

He was killed by a gunshot to the back.

Human rights groups and academics have estimated that more than 150,000 Papuans have died since the Indonesian occupation began in the 1960s.

Oridek Ap was among a group of exiled West Papuans in Geneva for the swim across the lake.

“We want to represent our people, the West Papuan people by singing and dancing to welcome the swimmers. That’s why we’re here, to support them.”

Ap said his support represented those at home in West Papua and the 1500 living in exile in the Netherlands.

Another supporter was 21-year-old Harry Jenkinson from the UK.

The veteran campaigner had been involved since he was 14 and was in Geneva to organise the itinerary around the petition’s swim team.

Jenkinson said it was a very emotional experience.

“The people of West Papua have been totally inspired by the swim, and last night we got information in photos that people were watching us on big screens in West Papua, live.”

The spokesperson for the United Liberation Movement for West Papua, Benny Wenda, said he was confident the petition would open the eyes of the world to the need for an internationally supervised vote on independence for West Papua.

“Our voice has been hidden under the carpet nearly 50 years so this is an historical moment and we need to make sure that the petition will be handed over right.”

The plebiscite by which Papua was incorporated into Indonesia in 1969 was sanctioned by the UN.

But, with just 1025 people, around 0.2 percent of the population at the time, participating under duress, the so-called Act of Free Choice was regarded by Papuans as illegitimate.

According to Wenda, there is an onus on the UN to correct this historical injustice and facilitate a legitimate self-determination process.

SOURCE: RNZI/PACNEWS

3) Date proposed for New Caledonia referendum 

An anti-independence faction in New Caledonia says it wants to hold the referendum on independence on October 7th next year.

Sonia Backes of the Caledonian Republicans said the date had been submitted for discussion in Congress.

According to the Noumea Accord, Congress can set the referendum date if 60 percent of members agree on it.

Failing that, the French government will set a date for the vote which is to be held no later than in November 2018.

Ms Backes said all sorts of things are being bandied around and she fears moves are afoot to prevent New Caledonians from making a clear choice of either staying with France or full sovereignty.7/9/2017 RNZI- http://www.radionz.co.nz/international/pacific-news/338869/date-proposed-for-new-caledonia-referendum

4) Frogier and Poadja on New Caledonia Senate ticket 

New Caledonia’s anti-independence side has officially nominated its two candidates for the election of the French Senate.

Pierre Frogier of the Rassemblement and Gerard Poadja of the Caledonia Together Party will jointly stand in the election on 24 September when France renews 170 Senate seats.

Mr Frogier, who held a range of top jobs in Noumea, is an incumbent.

He said for 30 years of his life he has fought for New Caledonia within France.

Mr Poadja, who is a former Congress president, said he was pleased to represent the rural north.

The Senators are chosen in two rounds of voting by an electoral college of 552 people made up of assembly members and mayors.

The second round is obsolete if they secure a majority in the first round.

They are elected for a six-year term which they are certain to sit out if voters next year reject possible independence from France.7/9/2017 RNZI

MELANESIAN AFFAIRS/LAND/WELFARE

5) Our Papua New Guinean Stories are our Knowledge Banks

Our forefathers created, maintained and strengthened relationships through stories in Papua New Guinea. The skill of storytelling is like a rope being weaved together in varying styles, colours and strength for a perfect bilum to capture and carry the rich and unique culture and heritage of our people.  Stories were sacred and were told appropriately and respectfully at the right time.  Stories in Papua New Guinea were culturally used for several noble purposes by our ancestors and they were exchanged freely and as gifts. Knowledge was transferred through stories and traditional mark-making. Telling stories was embedded into daily activities.  Stories were sung in songs for the dead and the living, for harvest, for births and celebrations. Our elders were super banks of knowledge and information and ensured this intangible asset was handed down to the right person in the family to continue to take this knowledge and practice into the future.  All stories were told for each generation to pass on as a way of safeguarding history. Stories were also entertainment in themselves and evening sessions by the fire created warmth and unity amongst families, friends and tribeswomen and tribesmen.

Our people never sold stories for no reason. Our people did exchange some stories of greater significance for a favourable exchange but these were rare and only on very special occasions.  Good stories were too precious too important to sell. Some stories were revered and respected, even to this day. The story telling and sharing continue today in our journey into the future because it is a living thing that is part of us as Papua New Guineans.

We have great and often amazing stories.  These stories spring from a pool of more than 800 different languages and traditional cultural heritage. In addition, our closure affinity to the spiritual world, the unseen world, also gives us added imaginations few cultures around the world can boast.

There is a growing trend, an exploitative one that poses concerns for the honourable aspects of our stories.  The similar trend we see in our other resources such as the forests, gold, silver, copper and oil.  There are other cultures and economic systems out that have literally placed financial value on almost every aspect of their lives. This includes placing a financial value on stories.

The culture of selling stories is creeping into our literature spaces.  So to the innocent creators of tales and wonderful meaning-making handed down through generations, these stories are under threat of being exploited and dishonoured when seen in their financial worth. Our proud PNG cultural heritage, story-telling is already being given away to those who are ready to exploit.

Capitalism, which is their way of arranging their lives have infiltrated the lives of Papua New Guinean writers and so-called writers who collect other people’s stories to tell for a slice of eminence.  We use to place utmost value on relationship above all else but we are pushed into their way of doing things and we now find ourselves with stories in our hands begging for recognition and fame.

Some may argue that we should continue our traditional culture and just tell stories. Unfortunately, circumstances today have changed considerably that we must get on with the trend, write our stories down and sell these for financial gain. So do we sell only some or all of it? The answer to this question lies with the writers themselves. Irrespective of the arguments about the culturally noble uses of stories, all research and common wisdom points to the fact that writers today need to have the stories written, published and printed.

However, our newer forms of governance, infrastructures and institutions together with inadequate experiences, skills and attitude offer little, if not, no assistance to help us see these cultural transitions clearly and ensure we become successful in writing, publishing and printing.

Given our situations, we are open for story poachers, story thieves, and story robbers.  Some are very open about their thieving, others tell us it’s for common good, while others are sly and devious.  Some have no stories and could not get our stories so they make up their own. Case in point:  http://www.looppng-sb.com/content/special-investigation-kokoda-track-couple%E2%80%99s-story-unravels.  The British couple in 2016 made up a hellish tale for popularity and profit.

People of other countries literally sell their stories for the highest bidder.  Even the darkest, ugliest and most private of stories are sold for profit, relationships aside.  Our people do not do this. We actually tell these stories as a way to censure, provide enforcement of good values and as a way of sharing risks and risk mitigating factors.

Papua New Guineans have to be weary of publishers, editors and story collectors.  In the days of contracts and all kinds of agreements, the finer points of engagement must be understood well between the two parties before a story is transacted. If you want to sell your personal story, remember to honour our proud foremothers and forefathers and our Papua New Guinea Cultural Heritage.  Credit – Emmanuel Peni – http://sundaychronicle.com.pg/

 

6) LANDOWNER QUESTIONS MIRIORI

By Aloysius Laukai

A Panguna landowner today questioned who mandated PHILIP MIRIORI to say that because the ABG had no opposition, he was acting as the Opposition to the ABG.
The landowner was responding to a news release by MR MIRIORI against the ABG and its deals with the BCL which is owned by the PNG National Government, the ABG and the landowners themselves.
The former owner, RIO TINTO withdrew and gave shares to the PNG Government and the ABG plus the landowners.
The landowner called on MR. MIRIORI to meet with the ABG leaders instead of creating unnecessary tension by going straight to the media on issues that can be sorted out peacefully as Bougainvilleans.
The landowner said if the Landowners from the PANGUNA are greedy they must be prepared to compensate Bougainvilleans who fell fighting for Panguna.04/9/2017 Dawn FM Bougainville

7 ) http://www.thenational.com.pg/landowners-demand-action/
8) http://www.thenational.com.pg/warning-resource-owners/
9 ) http://www.thenational.com.pg/lands-project-audited-aust-govt-assistance/

TOK PISIN (PNG)/SOLOMON ISLANDS PIJIN/BISLAMA-VANUATU.

10) Ol papa graun i laik pasim dam we i givim waka na paoa long Port Moresby

Postim 6 September 2017, 15:37 AEST
John Papik

Ol lida blong National Capital District na ol papa graun antap long Sirinumu dam long Port Moresby, i daunim pinis laik blong ol papa graun long pasim wara na pawa sapplai long Port Moresby city.

Long wanpela miting aste wantaim National Capital Distrik Gavana, Powes Parkop, ol bikman blong Eda Ranu, PNG Pawa na Kumul Consolidated Holdings ibin daunim dispela koros blong ol papa graun.

Mr Parkop i tokim Radio Australia olsem, wari blong ol papa graun em long oli laikim national gavaman i wokim gut rot em bai konektim eria blong ol na Port Moresby city.

Emi tok sapos ol papa graun i katim wara na pawa, planti ol bisnis na gavaman sevis long city bai bagarap.

Gavana Parkop itok narapela wari blong ol papa graun em long oli laikim national gavaman na elektrol commission i brukim eletorate blong Kairuku Hiri igo tupela hap.

Ol papa graun i tok ilektorate blong Kairuku Hiri long dispela taim emi bikpela tumas na itok wanpela memba inonap representim gut ol pipol blong dispela elektorate.http://www.radioaustralia.net.au/tokpisin/2017-09-06/ol-papa-graun-i-laik-pasim-dam-we-i-givim-waka-na-paoa-long-port-moresby/1699546

11) Port Moresby i redi long makim 42nd PNG Independence Anniversary

Postim 5 September 2017, 15:46 AEST
John Papik

Papua New Guinea bai selebraitim  42 yar independent blong em long September 16 long dispela yar.

Long capital Port Moresby, lonsing blong ol selebraisen ibin kamap long Friday ikam long Gavana blong National Capital Distrik, Powes Parkop.

Na Events Manager blong National Capital District, Numa Alu itok selebraisen blong dispela yar bai lukim planti ol activiti bai kamap.

Em itok tupela eria em em oli bin makim long en we  bai pulap long ol activiti em long Jack Pidik Park na Paga Hill Ring Road.

Emi tok bai igat tu ol sports activiti bai kamap, olsem long Volleyball, Basketball, Rugby Touch na Canoe Racing long contestim “Governor’s Cup”

12) Vanuatu Presbyterian Church i wandem gavman i givim bek ol skul mo hospitol

Updated 6 September 2017, 15:39 AEST
Sam Seke

Presbyterian Church blong Vanuatu hemi bin askim gavman long givim bek sam education mo helt sevis long church i ranim olsem long bifoa.

Clerk blong Presbyterian Church, Pastor Alan Nafuki hem se gavman ibin tekova long ol manejmen blong ol skul, hospitol mo klinik blong church bihaen long indipendens.

Be Pr Nafuki hem se, igat nid long impruvum mo mekem strong moa ol edukesen mo helt sevis we gavman ibin tekova long hem.

So hem se long diswan nao, naba 69 Annual General Assembly blong Presbyterian Church long Santo last wik, hem laekim gavman i givim bek long skul mo hospitol ia long church i ranim.

Be Pr Nafuki hem se church i wandem gavman i gohed fo givim mani fo ranem ol sevis ia.http://www.radioaustralia.net.au/tokpisin/2017-09-06/vanuatu-presbyterian-church-i-wandem-gavman-i-givim-bek-ol-skul-mo-hospitol/1699536

FRENCH


13) LES RÉPUBLICAINS CALÉDONIENS VEULENT FIXER LA DATE DU RÉFÉRENDUM AU 7 OCTOBRE 2018

Crée le 06.09.2017 à 17h11
Mis à jour le 06.09.2017 à 17h34

Le groupe présidé par Sonia Backès a annoncé avoir déposé, ce mercredi une proposition de délibération au Congrès visant à « sécuriser la date du référendum » au 7 octobre 2018. Au terme de l’accord de Nouméa, le Congrès peut, à la majorité des trois cinquièmes fixer la date de la consultation sur l’autodétermination d’ici la fin de l’année. Faut de quoi c’est l’État qui a l’obligation de la fixer au plus tard au mois de novembre 2018.

« On entend toutes sortes de chose qui nous font craindre que certains veuillent priver les Calédoniens d’un choix clair entre la France et la pleine souveraineté en 2018, explique Sonia Backès faisant notamment référence à une interview de l’ancien garde des Sceaux Jean-Jacques Urvoas dans le Monde. Tout le monde, au Congrès dit vouloir respecter l’Accord de Nouméa, qu’il le montre en votant cette proposition ». Pour le groupe les Républicains Calédoniens, qui compte six élus au Congrès contre 23 pour la Plateforme, il s’agit aussi de tenter reprendre la main à moins de deux mois du prochain comité des signataires.http://www.lnc.nc/breve/les-republicains-caledoniens-veulent-fixer-la-date-du-referendum-au-7-octobre-2018

14) FORUM DES ÎLES DU PACIFIQUE : À CHACUN SES SOUHAITS

Crée le 07.09.2017 à 04h25
Mis à jour le 07.09.2017 à 11h45

Les séquences s’enchaînent dans le grand hôtel Sheraton d’Apia, véritable ruche durant le 48e sommet du Forum des îles du Pacifique. Echanges hier avec la société civile et le secteur privé, puis rencontres bilatérales… A l’heure de la pause-café, les discussions se poursuivent dans le hall, en public ou en aparté. L’arrivée des deux nouveaux membres à part entière, la Nouvelle-Calédonie et la Polynésie française, peut-elle générer une nouvelle dynamique, ou modifier des lignes du FIP ? Telle est l’une des questions de la présente édition aux Samoa.

« Cette avancée très importante pour notre intégration régionale nous permettra d’accroître notre action en faveur de la région, alors qu’aucun défi régional, nous le savons, ne peut être relevé sans que notre effort soit collectif », avait indiqué le président du gouvernement Philippe Germain, il y a une semaine au Congrès, avant l’adoption par les élus de la délibération autorisant le pays à adhérer au FIP.

« Beaucoup à apprendre »

Sous un faré de l’hôtel à Apia, son homologue tahitien, Édouard Fritch, affiche une ambition : « Je veux être dans cet état d’esprit, nous allons être une force de propositions, Calédonie et Polynésie. Car je pense que dans cette zone du Pacifique, avec l’Etat français qui nous accompagne, nous pouvons apporter un plus ». Notamment sur le plan des échanges commerciaux avec l’Europe. A entendre le représentant du Fenua, ces deux territoires français, aujourd’hui alliés, peuvent être le lien entre les îles du vaste océan et les autres marchés, par exemple européen. A l’échelle régionale, des réseaux sont aussi à dessiner, observe Dame Meg Taylor, la secrétaire générale du Forum des îles du Pacifique. Autrement dit, le Picta, ou Pacific island countries trade agreement, un accord de libre-échange, est instauré, et le duo Calédonie-Polynésie est invité à s’y intéresser. « Dans le secteur touristique, nous pouvons partager beaucoup d’expériences et de connaissances », ajoute la responsable du FIP originaire de Papouasie-Nouvelle-Guinée, ancienne diplomate, pointant les performances dans le domaine de pays comme Fidji. Bref, « les territoires français ont beaucoup à apprendre des autres pays insulaires. Nous sommes au commencement de ces relations pas seulement politiques mais aussi culturelles. Et nous verrons. »

A très court terme, se présente « une urgence ». D’ailleurs, « le Forum compte beaucoup sur nous, c’est la suite de la Cop 21 » remarque Édouard Fritch. En clair, des actions sont attendues en matière de protection des populations, de construction d’une économie durable, etc. « Le réchauffement planétaire, pour nous, c’est concret ». A l’issue du G20, le président de la République a annoncé la tenue d’un sommet sur le climat le 12 décembre en Métropole.http://www.lnc.nc/article/pays/politique/forum-des-iles-du-pacifique-a-chacun-ses-souhaits

POLYNESIA


15 ) http://www.radionz.co.nz/international/pacific-news/338872/former-judge-spared-tahiti-theft-trial
16 ) http://www.radionz.co.nz/international/pacific-news/338824/rapa-nui-to-get-massive-marine-protection-area

17) Universities celebrate Tongan Language Week together 

Two Auckland universities have come together to celebrate Tongan Language Week.

The University of Auckland and Auckland University of Technology are known to have an unspoken rivalry as neighbouring institutions.

The vice president of the Tongan Student Association of the University of Auckland (TAUA) Eleni Lokotui said it was not a dramatic, serious rivalry, but there was always a competitiveness between the two.

Ms Lokotui said the rivalry was more prominent during the annual gathering ‘Amatakiloa’ which all New Zealand Tongan groups attend.

“Leading into Amatakiloa, there’s always that competition and banter between TAUA, AUT, Otago and all of the other associations, but it’s also good to come together, to network and tauhiva (sing together) with each other because we all share that cultural identity with each other and we’re also tertiary students, so I thought it’ll be a good way to come together.”

TAUA and AUT’s Tongan Association will perform on Friday at the University of Auckland.7/9/2017 RNZI

18 ) http://www.radionz.co.nz/international/pacific-news/338851/tonga-election-schedule-could-favour-women


19) Tonga will go to polls on November 16 

Tonga’s elections are to be held on Thursday November 16.

King Tupou VI issued the Writs of Election on Tuesday, confirming the Legislative Assembly General Election.

Radio Tonga reported the Electoral Commission had called for the nomination of candidates to be held on September 27 and 28.

The elections were brought forward a year after last month’s dissolution of Parliament by royal decree.7/9/2017 – RNZI

20 ) http://www.radionz.co.nz/international/pacific-news/338832/honolulu-rail-costs-likely-to-cost-us-10b-plus

MICRONESIA

21) CNMI tells residents to stay indoors in case of nuclear attack 

The Northern Marianas Office of Homeland Security and Emergency Management has told residents of the islands to seek shelter indoors in case of a nuclear attack.

Its planner and grants manager BJ Nicolas said his office was monitoring the North Korea situation with the Guam Homeland Security Office of Civil Defense and Hawaii Emergency Management Agency.

Mr Nicolas said information between the three agencies was constantly shared.

He said if worse came to worst, it would be best to stay indoors to prevent a fatal nuclear fallout following the initial blast.

This was also assuming that the blast area did not affect the CNMI.

North Korean leader Kim Jung Un has continued his rhetoric to attack the US, specifically its Pacific territory of Guam which is home to three US military bases.

Kim is increasing the stakes with the testing of a hydrogen bomb earlier this week.

The CNMI is just 215 kilometres from Guam.7/9/2017 -RNZI

22) Guam Delegate Bordallo: Rescinding DACA Is ‘Unnecessary And Cruel’

Submitted by PIR Editor on Wed, 09/06/2017 – 12:29

The Department of Homeland Security will stop accepting applications to the DACA program. Current recipients wouldn’t be affected until March 5, 2018

By David Jackson, Kevin Johnson and Alan Gomez

HAGÅTÑA, Guam (Pacific Daily News, September 06, 2017) – The Trump administration announced the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program, or DACA, created by former President Obama in 2012, would be rescinded.

The program, designed to protect undocumented immigrants who were brought into the United States as children, could be saved if Congress decides within six months to preserve it through legislation.

“I do not favor punishing children, most of whom are now adults, for the actions of their parents,” Trump said Tuesday in a written statement. Still, he added, “we must also recognize that we are nation of opportunity because we are a nation of laws.”

The Department of Homeland Security will stop accepting applications to the DACA program. Current recipients wouldn’t be affected until March 5, 2018.

“To have a lawful system of immigration that serves the national interest, we cannot admit everyone who would like to come here,” Attorney General Jeff Sessions said. “It’s just that simple.”

Sessions said the program allowed “aliens” to take jobs from Americans.

“President Trump’s decision to rescind DACA is an unnecessary and cruel action against members of our community who are or were brought to the United States as children,” Guam Del. Madeleine Bordallo said in a news release. “While there is work to be done to improve our immigration system, rescinding DACA does not strengthen efforts to keep America safe or level the playing field; all it accomplishes is creating a level of uncertainty for these DREAMers who contribute positively to our nation.”

Bordallo said Guam “has had a strong history of supporting immigrants and those who come to our country and island for a better life.”

Obama, in a Facebook post, said the reversal was wrong, self-defeating and cruel.

“Ultimately, this is about basic decency. This is about whether we are a people who kick hopeful young strivers out of America, or whether we treat them the way we’d want our own kids to be treated,” Obama wrote.

Pacific Daily News contributed to this report.

Pacific Daily News

23 ) http://www.radionz.co.nz/international/pacific-news/338809/cnmi-families-still-homeless-after-typhoon-soudelor

AUSTRALIA


24 ) 
http://www.radioaustralia.net.au/international/2017-09-07/albert-namatjiras-family-keeps-copyright-issue-in-spotlight-as-namatjira-project-hits-big-screen/1699792
25) Australia’s coal is the Pacific’s loss and damage
10:11 pm GMT+12, 05/09/2017, Australia

As Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull prepares to meet with his island counterparts this week in Apia, Samoa, Pacific civil society groups say his country’s promotion of coal puts their communities at risk.

Pacific Island Countries, including some of the world’s most vulnerable low-lying islands, are demanding greater ambition to tackle climate change and renewed political commitment to the 2015 Paris Agreement.

On Thursday, Pacific Islands Forum leaders will consider a ‘united’ Pacific voice to take to the COP23 climate negotiations in November. At those talks – to be held in Bonn, Germany – the world’s eyes will be on the Pacific as Fiji takes over as president of the UN climate negotiations, the first time a small island developing state has held this important role.

However, members of the Pacific Islands Climate Action Network (PICAN) say there is a low probability of an authentic ‘united’ Pacific voice being forged in Apia, with Australia’s presence and economic interests being historically responsible for watering-down regional climate declarations.

Australia’s continued promotion of coal – the dirtiest of the fossil fuels that are driving the world’s warming climate – jeopardises negotiation outcomes, and ultimately the safety of the entire Pacific region.

Maina Talia, from the Tuvalu Climate Action Network (TuCAN) said Pacific Island Leaders had again and again explained that climate change is the greatest security risk to island countries and communities. “We are strong and resilient people”, said Talia. “However we can only adapt to so many changes. “Stronger cyclones, coral bleaching, and rising sea levels are all causing permanent and irreparable damage in our countries. We need polluters to take greater responsibility for their actions now.”

He said countries that were committed to fossil fuel economies needed to shift to renewables as fast as possible.

Talia added that “governments and civil society organisations must work together, to build resilience to address the adverse impacts of climate change by developing a Pacific Islands Climate Change Insurance Facility that ensures our sovereign rights are well protected.”

Talia also said polluting nations needed to ensure Pacific island communities and countries that are facing permanent loss and damage from the impacts of climate change could access grant-finance simply and easily.

Australia, the largest and wealthiest member of the Pacific Islands Forum, is also the world’s largest coal exporter, and is currently planning to subsidise the development of new export coal mines and coal-fired power plants. In October, construction is expected to get underway for what will be the world’s largest export coal mine, in the state of Queensland.

PICAN and other members of the Pacific civil society will be looking to the outcome statements of the Apia meeting for strong language around 1.5 degrees, the UNFCCC Gender Action Plan (GAP), loss and damage finance, and other previously agreed ambitious Pacific positions in the global climate negotiations.

Last month PICAN awarded the Australian government the inaugural ‘Pacific Fossil Award’, for its repeated efforts to convince Pacific Island Countries of its dedication to tackling climate change, while actually making the problem worse by expanding coal exports, as well as promoting the use of coal abroad.

Established by the Pacific Islands Climate Action Network (PICAN), the new award is intended to call out countries that are not doing their fair share to move away from fossil fuels and to tackle climate change.

Pacific Islands Climate Action Network (PICAN) is a regional alliance of 55 non-governmental organisations (NGO’s), civil society organizations (CSO’s), social movements and not-for-profit organisations from the Pacific Islands region working on various aspects of climate change, disaster risk and response and sustainable development. PICAN is also the Pacific regional node of the Climate Action Network International.

SOURCE: PICAN/PACNEWS

26 ) http://www.radionz.co.nz/international/pacific-news/338825/manus-compensation-will-prevent-further-legal-action-says-refugee

PACIFIC

27) Civil society dialogues with Forum leaders described as historic

The president of a regional NGO has described the dialogue between civil society groups and Pacific Islands Forum Leaders as historic.

The president of the Pacific Islands Association of Non Governmental Organisations Sarah Thompson said the talks yesterday were historic because of the way civil society groups were approached about the issues they were keen to address.

The theme of this year’s summit “Blue Pacific”, non communicable diseases, seabed mining, peace and security and gay rights were discussed with leaders.

Sarah Thompson says it was the first time civil society and forum leaders were able to meet face to face.

“I think every year it’s getting better and certainly we have already some ideas and thoughts and how we can expand that for next year.

“You might have heard the president of Nauru say we are going to do this next year and that is a true indication that the idea of CSO (civil society organisation) dialogue with the leaders will be institutionalised within the Pacific Islands Forum and that in itself is encouraging,” she said.7/9/2017 – RNZI http://www.radionz.co.nz/international/pacific-news/338866/civil-society-dialogues-with-forum-leaders-described-as-historic

WORLD


28 ) http://www.radioaustralia.net.au/international/2017-09-06/bell-pottinger-disgraced-public-relations-firm-faces-collapse-over-south-africa-debacle/1699580

29 ) http://www.radioaustralia.net.au/international/2017-09-07/social-cooling-does-the-fear-of-surveillance-make-you-selfconscious-about-what-you-click-on/1699616

30 ) http://www.radioaustralia.net.au/international/2017-09-07/hurricane-irma-90-per-cent-of-barbuda-buildings-destroyed-as-monster-storm-roars-through-caribbean/1699722

31 ) http://www.radioaustralia.net.au/international/2017-09-07/south-asia-floods-disease-fears-as-floods-destroy-100000-houses-in-bangladesh-aid-agencies-say/1699812
32 ) http://www.radioaustralia.net.au/international/2017-09-06/myanmar-could-be-on-the-brink-of-genocide-un-expert-says/1699606


33) EU admits the frustrations of PACP in their inability to drawdown 11EDF funds


7:20 pm GMT+12, 06/09/2017, Samoa

By Pita Ligaiula in Apia, Samoa

Just days after the Pacific ACP Leaders expressed disappointment in their inability to draw down the 11th European Development Fund (EDF), the region has signed two programmes with the European Union (EU) Wednesday.

Pacific Islands Forum Secretary General Dame Meg Taylor earlier this week said the region has witnessed in recent months, a redistribution of funds within the regional indicative programme.

Head of the European delegation to the Pacific, Ambassador Andrew Jacobs emphasised that although it’s taken time to access the funds it it’s important to get good quality programmes.

“We’ve have just signed two agreements from the 11th EDF regional indicative programme, we will sign another  major 35 EU programme in  a few weeks times in Malta, so certainly it’s been some time to prepare some of the programmes  but they going ahead.

“We believe that it is important to get good quality programmes that really respond to the challenges of the region which is why it worth taking the time to perfect as much as we can and this is a result of our labour,” Ambassador Jacobs said while responding to concerns from PACP leaders.

Director of Asia, Pacific at the EU Commissions for International Cooperation and Development, Pierre Amilhat admitted the frustration of the region to access the 11th EDF funds.

“Yes you’ve absolutely right frustration exists and we shouldn’t hide from it. Having said that it has been a slow start. It’s a seven years financial access funds and we have taken time to start.

“We’ve talking about it. I think we’ve been frankly discussing it. We are on the way now for all the programme to be implemented and in full speed. There is also a need for certain maturity in mutual expectations and I’m fully confident that with very good implementing partners here, these programmes will be implemented quickly.

“Frankly what it is important is not the signatures and the money, what it is important is the result of this programme and frankly I know it’s frustrating when it its slow but maybe if we take a little bit longer and produce good results in the end,” Amilhat told journalists in Apia.

Amilhat held discussion with Pacific Leaders at the margins of the Forum Leaders Meeting on priorities and modalities to best organise future relations when the current Cotonou Agreement expires in 2020.

He also said the Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) is not part of the Cotonou discussion.

“EPA it is a pillar of post Cotonou.

“Trade used to be a part of our overall agreement with ACP countries but someone invented World Trade Organisation (WTO) and it was not complying with WTO, so trade preferences gradually being out and it is something that is no longer granting preferences.

“EPA is not part of the Cotonou discussion and it is another discussion you know the complexities of it and I don’t think this is the place to start discussion on this,” Amilhat said

SOURCE: PACNEWS

HEALTH

34) Doctors welcome decision to address medicine shortage

September 7, 2017The NationalNational
By Rebecca KUKU
DOCTORS have welcomed the government’s decision to release K50 million to address the shortage of medicine in the country’s health facilities.
National Doctors Association secretary Dr Sam Yockopua said it was good to see the issue addressed.
Health and HIV/AIDS Minister Sir Puka Temu had told the medical symposium in Port Moresby on Sunday that K50mil was being released to the Health department to fix the medicine shortage problem.
Yockopua is the chief emergency physician at the Port Moresby General Hospital.
He had been very vocal lately on the shortage of drugs and medicine, manpower issues, health infrastructure redevelopments, working conditions for health professionals, their professional developments, lack of funding to health and police brutality against health workers.
“While we have had issues regarding health concerns in the country which demanded attention through either the normal established systems, or through the union (association), the issues are now being addressed,” Yockopua said.
He said Minister for Health and HIV/AIDS Sir Puka Temu had also clarified the media “gag” issue and allowed an open-door policy.
Yockopua said while the medicine shortage issue had been addressed, the doctors association would continue to speak out where and when necessary.
“We acknowledge the prime minister’s commitment and the health minister’s initiatives. We also thank Health Secretary Pascoe Kase for the regular dialogue and fruitful negotiations. And we also thank the public for the continuous support,” he said.
Yockopua said health was everyone’s business and people had to work together towards better services.

“No man is an island by itself. We all need each other,” he said.

35) 
http://www.radioaustralia.net.au/international/2017-09-06/new-hpv-vaccine-will-see-huge-reductions-in-rate-of-cervical-cancer-doctors-say/1699600
EDUCATION

36) Declining funds and political control ‘killing’ PNG’s uni system

The vice-chancellor of Papua New Guinea’s University of Technology has warned that the country’s university system is gradually being killed by declining funding and political interference.

Albert Schram said the government cut funding for Unitech from 45 to 40 million kina (US$13.8 to US$12.3 million) this financial year, and he expected the trend to continue.

And since a new Higher Education Act was passed in 2014 the government has sought to gain control over the appointment of university management staff.

This was particularly vexing for Unitech since it had only recently emerged from a long governance crisis marked by political interference.

Dr Schram was hoping for change on these fronts in the new term of parliament, in order for the university system to survive.

“It’s dying a slow death by a thousand cuts because of the annual funding cuts. But if you, in addition, politicise the governance of it, then you can be sure that in 10 or 15 years there’s not a credible university system left in Papua New Guinea.”

According to the vice-chancellor, Unitech had done its best to get back on its feet after significant destruction and unrest stemming from student protests against the prime minister last year.

But Dr Schram explained there was a limit to what the institution could achieve with declining funds.

The funding cuts meant the institution could not grow as it needed to in order to get more students, improve the quality of education and produce competent graduates.

“With good leadership and adequate investment you can grow a university system very quickly,” Dr Schram explained.

“But if the investment is not there, then that becomes very challenging. So because we have not a lot of confidence that we would get funding for infrastructure, we have not increased the intake of students (which remains at around 3000).”

http://www.radionz.co.nz/international/pacific-news/338870/declining-funds-and-political-control-killing-png-s-uni-system

37) No evidence in SINU sex allegatio
n

THE management of Solomon Islands National University has denied any knowledge of social media rumours alleging sexual relations between certain lecturers and female students.

A spokesman from the office of the Vice Chancellor said:

“There has been no evidence to support the ongoing investigation by the SINU management on allegations of sexual relationship between certain lecturers and some female students, in exchange for good academic grades.”

The spokesman added nothing substantial have surfaced to prove the allegations therefore this could be seen as fabricated lies to tarnish the reputation of SINU.

He added they cited the allegation on social media and decide to investigate but could not go further because there are no evidence to establish the truth.

It was alleged some female students have been seeking favours from their lecturers to provide them better grades in return for sex.

But the spokesman said there is simply no evidence provided to enable an investigation to start.

He added those who spread the rumours and have strong evidence should help the investigation so SINU can pursue the matter.

By AATAI JOHN- http://www.solomonstarnews.com/index.php/news/national/item/19410-no-evidence-in-sinu-sex-allegation

POLITIC

38) PAC WARNS MINISTRIES

Author  Editor
PAC Chairman Rick Hou

“Keep your hands off Development Budget”

By AATAI JOHN

THE Public Accounts Committee (PAC) has warned government line ministries to stop applying for funds in the Development Budget to fund expenditures categorised under the recurrent budget.

This was revealed by PAC Chairman Rick Hou when the Attorney General (AG) and his officers appeared before his committee.

Mr Hou was questioning the virements made to reallocate funds acquired from the Development Budget to meet expenses committed in the recurrent budget.

The chairman said the practice of reallocating funds from development budget to recurrent budget is illegal under the Public Financial Management (PFM) Act, therefore it must stop.

He warned the line ministries which continue such practices to put a stop to such illegal virements.

“This should not be encouraged and ministries must know that this practice is illegal under the PFM Act.”

But in a recent clarification made by Minister for Finance Snyder Rini, he revealed that when a ministry is applying for their supplementary in the Contingency Warrant, they must firstly identify the savings to fund their extra needs.

Hence, some ministries used to resort to development budget.http://www.solomonstarnews.com/index.php/news/national/item/19395-pac-warns-ministries

39) 2018 election a test for Fijians

7:07 pm GMT+12, 06/09/2017, Fiji

Fijians will be tested in the upcoming general election, says President Major General (Ret’d) Jioji Konrote.

While opening the Parliament 2017-2018, the Head of State said as mandated by the Constitution, the general election will be held between April and November 2018.

Konrote said Fijians will be and should be challenged to contest this election on the basis of policies and principles — and truth.

“Although it may be tempting in the heat of an election, we will be tested not to descend into demagoguery, race-baiting, ethnic profiling diminished dignity and lies. This, I urge you most earnestly: “This election must be contested over policies, over the future, not ethnicity, religion or geography.”

Elections, he said, are an integral element of democratic governance.

“But it is a sad truth that the elections are used to extenuate political differences. Each party will try to distinguish itself from the others.  But after the election, we must come together to govern.”

With these words of advice, Konrote also applauded the Fijian Elections Office and its officials for conducting the 2014 general elections in a fair manner.

“Our 2014 election was well-run and eminently credible by international standards.

“Our Electoral Commission is busy preparing for the upcoming elections, and the leadership and staff there have done an excellent job establishing the technical framework under which the election will be contested. Long live Fijian democracy.

“Indeed the manner in which the Fijian Elections Office and its supervisor of elections have conducted themselves, have won them international acclaim and recognition,” he said.

SOURCE: FIJI SUN/PACNEWS

BUSINESS


40 ) http://www.thenational.com.pg/call-boost-local-businesses/
41 ) http://www.thenational.com.pg/kina-reports-half-year-net-profit-k5-million/
42 ) http://www.thenational.com.pg/womens-micro-bank-wants-members-buy-shares/

43 ) 
http://www.thenational.com.pg/air-niuginis-travel-plan-hits-new-height/

44) NZ employer here to interview potential workers

TALEBULA KATE
Thursday, September 07, 2017

Update: 1:33PM TRADESTAFF Limited, a labour hire company from New Zealand paid a courtesy visit to the Minister for Employment, Productivity and Industrial Relations Jone Usamate this week.

A Government statement said the employer is targeting candidates with trade qualification for employment opportunities in New Zealand.

Mr Usamate said the employer had already recruited seven Fijian carpenters for the Canterbury Rebuild Pilot Project in Christchurch, New Zealand last year.

“The employer representatives, Mr Andy McCormick, Ms Sally McFarlane and Mr Richard Cronin are currently in Fiji to meet with the officials from the National Employment Centre, to visit returning pilot Fijian carpentry workers and also to meet and interview potential workers under the PAC quota scheme,” Mr Usamate said.

He appreciated the opportunity to meet the employer representatives, and thanked them for the ongoing efforts in providing employment opportunities for potential Fijian workers.http://www.fijitimes.com/story.aspx?id=415498

45) PHVA assists rural entrepreneurs

TALEBULA KATE
Thursday, September 07, 2017-FIJITIMES

Update: 2:20PM THE Partnership in High Value Agriculture (PHVA), a pilot program adopted by the Bank of the South Pacific (BSP) has assisted rural entrepreneurs to formal banking services.

The Banks’ Senior Manager for Rural and Microfinance Isikeli Taoi stressed this at Pacific Financial Inclusion Innovation Summit held recently in Papua New Guinea.

Mr Taoi was invited to share BSP’s experience and contribution to Fiji’s rural based agricultural entrepreneurs through a partnership with Partners in Community Development Fiji (PCDF).

He said the experience has opened new opportunities for growth for these entrepreneurs.

“This is visible in how some have diversified from being totally reliant on crops to establishing their own canteens, transportation services and more,” Mr Taoi said.

He said the project has empowered farmers in Nadarivatu, located 25km from the nearest town, Tavua, and 900 metres above sea level.

46) Loan fee waiver

Serafina Silaitoga
Thursday, September 07, 2017-

ALL application fees for loans under $19,999.99 made with the Fiji Development Bank from September 1 have been waived for a period of six months.

And the bank executives revealed that establishment fees for all loans up to $4999.99 have also been waived.

In celebrating the bank’s 50th birthday in Labasa on Tuesday night, the bank’s board chairman Robert Lyon said the promotion was to encourage Fijians especially in the small and medium enterprises and agricultural sectors to access financing for developing their businesses.

“As we move forward, FDB will continue to empower and develop Fijians as it has been doing so for generations,” he said.

“We will continue to strategically fund development projects with the aim of moving forward to boost the resilience of the Fijian economy.

“And with your partnership, we will live up to our strongly cemented development-role expectation and I urge all Fijian looking to start-up or expand their businesses to take advantage of this promotion that will run until March next year.”

He said the promotion was part of the 50th anniversary deal for existing and new clients.

“We call it the ‘No Frills Loans’,” he said.

“A new strategic course is being set as the bank celebrates its 50th year operations since establishment in 1967, transitioning from the Agricultural and Industrial Loans Board which was established 16 years earlier when development banking started in Fiji.”http://www.fijitimes.com/story.aspx?id=415429

47) Air Calin concerned about Korea tension 

New Caledonia’s international airline says if conflict breaks out on the Korean peninsula it will shift its flights to France to a route over the Indian Ocean.

The public broadcaster said Air Calin’s contingency plan is for an immediate stop on its flights to Japan from where Air France provides a codeshare flight to Paris.

It reported that flights would be routed via Sydney and La Reunion in the Indian Ocean, retracing the service once offered by Air Austral.

After North Korea’s missile test last month when a rocket flew within 100 kilometres of a French airliner, Air France re-routed its Tokyo-bound flights over Russia’s Sakhalin island.7/9/2017 RNZI

48) Deal to help fight illicit trade in PNG


6:54 pm GMT+12, 05/09/2017, Papua New Guinea

Illicit cigarette trading alone is causing the PNG economy K250 million (US$78 million) in lost revenue annually.

This is according British American Tobacco (BAT) director Naved Manzoor, who says the repercussions of the illegal trade have already had huge impacts in both the social and economic sectors.

To rectify this issue, a memorandum of agreement (MOA) was signed Tuesday in Port Moresby between the tobacco giant and the Royal PNG Constabulary to combat this crime.

Manzoor said the lost revenue should be helping the industry and government.

“When the money is not coming in through the right channel both the industry and the government is being depressed,” Manzoor said.

“The more serious thing is the social aspect. From our experience from across the world, we are seeing that this illicit money which is supposed to be diverted to the economy has been used to conduct illegal activities.

“This MOA is crucial for the interest of the public and public private partnership (PPP) and this is just the beginning. We hope this will help us embark on a journey where we make Papua New Guinea free from all these criminal activities and will encourage participation from all stakeholders,” he said.

Police Commissioner Gary Baki said illicit trade remains a challenge for the RPNGC.

Baki said despite having the transnational crime unit within the department which is in continuous dialogue with other Pacific Island countries, through the sharing of information on people moving illegally or goods being smuggled within the Pacific region, they are still struggling to address this growing issue.

“If we can talk about partnerships with other countries and cannot control what is happening in our country, I think that is a big challenge for us,” Baki said.

“Entering into this MOA gives us a stepping stone now to work together and curb this sale of illicit tobacco in the country which also highlights those who have been brought across the borders or brought into the country through shipments.

“We are obligated to see that we support this intention to curb those issues in the country.”

The MOA will act as a platform for all other stakeholders including relevant law enforcement agencies such as Customs, Treasury, Finance, National Planning, PNGDF (Border Control Land and Sea) Border Development Authority and ICCC to address illicit trade.

SOURCE: POST COURIER/PACNEWS

INFRASTRUCTURE

49) Relief as $1.6m bridge opens

Kalesi Mele
Thursday, September 07, 2017-FIJITIMES

TRAVEL has been made easier for the villagers of Nakabuta in Nadroga after the opening of their Bailey bridge yesterday.

For seven years, villagers faced uncertainty in commuting during periods of adverse weather.

They feared for the safety of their women and children as they contemplated crossing the Vadakawa river during wet weather.

The bridge, opened yesterday by Prime Minister Voreqe Bainimarama, cost $1.6 million.

For more on this story, pick up a copy of today’s edition of The Fiji Times or subscribe to our E-edition.

LAW&ORDER


50) Suspended jail sentences for five in New Caledonia for Mare clash
es

Five men in New Caledonia have been given suspended eight-month jail sentences over their role in the fatal clashes on Mare in August 2011.

The fight had left four people dead and more than 20 others wounded.

It broke out between a group blockading the island’s airport and another trying to dislodge the rivals.

The Nouvelles Caledoniennes reports that the five admitted to having used a firearm and causing material damage.

The paper said investigations have failed to establish who fired the fatal shots during the clashes.

In late 2011, a Noumea court gave jail terms of up to a year to 18 people for their role in destroying and burning shops and cars.

At the time, more than 140 police and soldiers were sent to Mare to restore calm.7/9/2017 RNZI

51) Police probe Solomons’ cult after arrow shooting6 September 2017 

Police in Solomon Islands are investigating a local cult after an Anglican Brother was shot with an arrow in Makira-Ulawa Province.

The Anglican Brother or “Tasiu” was shot in the ribs allegedly by members of the cult known only as “Platform” in the Rea Highlands in Central Makira last month.

In a statement police called for the leaders of the group to come forward and “discuss” the incident.

The Makira-Ulawa provincial police have deployed officers on the case but have not made any arrests so far.

They are appealing to people in the community not to take any retaliatory action but to work with the police to resolve the situation.

The Anglican Brother is understood to be recovering well from the arrow wound.RNZI

52) Paclii gets lifeline through PNG funding6 September 2017 

Papua New Guinea has agreed to provide funds to allow an online Pacific legal service to continue operations.

The Pacific legal website, or Paclii, is operated by the University of the South Pacific out of Vanuatu, collecting and publishing legal material from 20 Pacific countries.

The open-access website’s future was in doubt since last year when an Australian government funding agreement expired.

Now PNG’s judiciary has signed an agreement with the USP for financial assistance to maintain Paclii.

According to The National, PNG’s chief justice Sir Salamo Injia signed on behalf of the Department of Justice to provide 150-thousand US dollars for the USP to continue Paclii.

Sir Salamo said the website had become a vital tool for the work of lawyers and judges in PNG.

He described the database as very important to the law and justice sector across the region.

The PNG government is also to provide US$30,000 annually from next year.

Sir Salamo recalled how PNG played a major role in the establishment of the website during the mid 1990s.

The Director of Paclii, Dr Anita Jowitt, said free access to legal information was critical to the rule of law and Paclii provided that in its publications.7/9/2017 RNZI http://www.radionz.co.nz/international/pacific-news/338807/paclii-gets-lifeline-through-png-funding

CLIMATE CHANGE/CONSERVATION

53) Fresh warning about Pacific coral bleaching 

French researchers studying Pacific coral reefs have warned that limits proposed in the Paris Agreement won’t be enough to save them.

The Tara Foundation and France’s National Center for Scientific Research have found that in some locations up to 90 percent of coral has been bleached.

In a statement, they said Samoa’s islands had been severely impacted but also Kiribati and Tuvalu where some coral had died off.

The research mission, which has visited 15 countries, said on the other hand, the reefs in Wallis and Futuna had been largely spared.

It found that the warmer the water has become the more likely reefs get stressed and bleached.

Reefs account for 0.2 percent of the ocean’s area but host about 30 percent of the sea’s biodiversity.7/9/2017 RNZI

MINING/FORESTRY/AGRICULTURE/FISHERIES/TOURISM

54) http://dailypost.vu/news/mapbest-pond-gets-tilapia/article_aec5c1c4-0eca-5be4-8b28-d6ed187f0a6a.html1)

55 ) http://www.thenational.com.pg/governor-wants-palm-oil-project-maximise-benefits/
56 ) http://www.thenational.com.pg/ilimo-farm-ready-milk-opportunities-cut-imports-pleasing-says-minister-maru/

57 ) http://www.radionz.co.nz/international/pacific-news/338833/leaders-warned-of-threats-to-pacific-tuna-management
58) Mixed results from regional fisheries report
00:32 am GMT+12, 04/09/2017, Samoa

The Regional Fisheries Roadmap report card for 2017 has been published and there is much to be optimistic about.

However, Pacific Forum leaders still have their work cut out for them this week as there are areas that need improvement particularly with regards to meeting their goals for increasing the value of the region’s tuna catch and growing the total direct employment in the fishing industry.

The Tuna Fishery Report card provides high level advice on the current status of Pacific Tuna fisheries in relation to the goals, indicators and strategies adopted by Forum Leaders in the Regional Roadmap for Sustainable Pacific Fisheries.

The report card focuses in the four main areas of: Sustainability, Value, Employment and Food Security.

Leading up to the 48th Pacific Islands Forum Leaders Meeting, the Director General of the Pacific Islands Forum Fisheries Agency (FFA), James Movick and the CEO of Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Tilafono David Hunter said the results show that the region’s sustainability targets were being met.

It was revealed that tuna stock was not being overfished and that overfishing is not occurring.

The results were somewhat surprising according to the Deputy Director General of the Pacific Islands FFA, Wez Norris. He said this was based on key developments that started ten years ago when the Sustainable Pacific Community (who do the stock assessments) first raised concerns and identified that the Pacific Islands Forum Fisheries agency were not using the right growth information because traditionally the data used was inferred from other parts of the world and had no relevance to the Pacific.

“I don’t think that any of us were expecting that much of a difference,” he said.

“The project that was invested in a few years ago has been completed and what it’s shown is that the Bigeye Tuna is far more productive than what was previously thought.  The Bigeye tuna grows more rapidly and reaches maturity quickly.

“Each fish stays reproductive for longer and the combination of those three things make it a stock that can therefore sustain a whole lot more fishing pressure than was thought before.”

The numbers for employment in the fishing industry (FFA Island members public and private sector) continues to grow, providing nearly 25, 00 jobs in 2016.

However, Movick says that it was not quite the growth they were looking for and they were looking at ways to increase the spread of employment across the FFA members, noting that currently employment is concentrated in the processing industries within Melanesia.

“Most of the big processing facilities, particularly canneries are located in the Melanesian countries primarily because you need a large population based water and land… we are continuing to see some steady growth and the possibility of having similar size facilities in some of the other smaller island countries is certainly a possibility in a number of Micronesian as well as Polynesian states.”

In Samoa, FFA is looking at a number of similar frozen long-line facilities because with fresh frozen product there is much more opportunity across the region even if they will be fairly small facilities.

However, the addition of even a couple of hundred jobs would be of great value. Crew-based employment was also an area that they were looking at but Movick cautioned that there were some disadvantages.

“Yes that continues to be an area that Polynesians could try and develop some further opportunities. But what we have to keep in mind is that those countries that have fishing vessels and those countries that have licensing boats will want themselves to place crew on those fishing boats so there’s a combo of factors across the region that we have to look at specific to each country before one can assess if something is working.”

Movick wanted to emphasise that the report card is made up of composite figures for the whole region and that they were aiming to work closely with governments to get them to realise the importance of having a national report card and in addition they were also going to be developing similar data for each country so that they are able to track at a national level.

Being a small fish in a big pond is something that Movick acknowledges is a challenge especially with the deeply entrenched disagreements within the broad Western and Central Pacific Commission (WCPF) membership.

To make the WCPFC more effective, Movick emphasised that the Forum leaders need to take a hard-line approach with some member states during the conference this week.

“One of the key areas is that we continue to have deep arguments and an inability to reach decisions in the broad WCPFC membership because of the unwillingness of many of the Distant Water Fishing Nations to accept the zone line based management approach that we adopted in the Pacific,” he said.

“Too often they come in with proposals that would seek to have management measures based on flag state rights and flag state allocations which suits the distant water fishing nations but not the pacific island countries who don’t have those fishing boats and who don’t have those flags.

“So often times we end up having these very strong disagreements on the basic legal framework and principles and nothing ever gets done as both sides become entrenched.”

On the eve of the 48th Pacific Islands Forum Meeting, Movick said Forum leaders need to be mindful that Pacific Island countries have fought hard and long to ensure the rights of small island states and it is imperative to communicate that to distant water fishing nations.

“I think Forum Leaders need to be reminded the distant water fishing nations under the United Nations conference on the law of the sea, the fish stock agreement and the WCPFC Convention that the Pacific Island countries fought very hard and long all the way back to the Law of the Sea Convention to ensure that the rights of small island states in particular, would be protected with regard to their rights for management and access to their resources within their 200 mile zone and unfortunately we continue to face these problems in the WCPFC.”.

SOURCE: SAMOA OBSERVER/PACNEWS

EVENT/ART

59) Pacific Artist in Residence awarded to Fijian curator 

South Aucklander Ema Tavola is the first curator to have been awarded a Pacific Artist in Residence opportunity at the University of Canterbury in Christchurch.

The three month Macmillan Brown Centre residency is supported by Creative New Zealand and has been offered annually since 1996 for artists to develop their artistic practice and promote indigenous art.

Ms Tavola who was born in Fiji studied in Auckland and curated at Otara’s Fresh Gallery for over six years.

She has now started her residency.

Ms Tavola said she wanted to look at how curating was a mechanism for social inclusion and she plans to examine decolonisation and exhibition-making as a form of activism.

“Well I thought I would come here and take the opportunity to write and think and research around the practise that I have about a Pacific curator, who is very interested in curating Pacific art. But also in the space between Pacific audiences and Pacific art, so really what are the dynamics ? What are the principles around that space? ”

Previous recipients include Fatu Fe’uu, Victor Rodger, and Tusiata Avia.

Last year’s Pacific artist in residence, John Ioane, carved eleven miniature canoes from around the Pacific.7/9/2017 RNZI

SPORT

60a)  http://www.solomonstarnews.com/index.php/sports/national/item/19428-basketball-friendlies-this-weekend
60b ) http://www.solomonstarnews.com/index.php/sports/national/item/19424-public-hailed-for-incident-free-fifa-world-cup-qualifying
160c ) http://www.thenational.com.pg/world-cup-tour-start-lae/

60d ) http://www.thenational.com.pg/abavu-named-centre/
60e ) http://www.thenational.com.pg/local-eyed-ref-final/
60f ) http://www.thenational.com.pg/dwellers-return-champions-league-2/

61) Dashing century earns Vanuatu semi-fina
l

A century from Patrick Matautaava has given Vanuatu victory over Germany by four wickets and a semi-final berth in division five of the World Cricket League.

The win in their third and final pool game at the tournament in Benoni, South Africa, followed a two wicket loss to Ghana and a six wicket defeat by Jersey.

Vanuatu restricted Germany to 227 runs after winning the toss and choosing to field, with offspinner Jelany Chilia taking four wickets.

In reply, number three batsman Matautaava scored 139 off 76 balls and finished not out as Vanuatu reached their target in just the 29th over.

Coach Shane Deitz said winning with 20 overs to spare vaulted Vanuatu into second place in pool B on run-rate.

“We knew the equation … we had 30 overs and in Vanuatu we only play 30 over cricket on a Saturday, so I said to the boys ‘it’s just like a normal club game back home’,” Deitz said.

“Patrick was an absolute star … he hit them to all parts … it was an amazing innings and something that I’m sure he’ll remember for the rest of his life,” he said.

“He opens the bowling for us too, so he’s a pretty special cricketer, special talent.”

Tomorrow in the semi-finals Vanuatu play the winner of pool A, Italy, who have some handy players, according to Dietz.

“They’ve got one guy who’s played Big Bash in Australia and a few other Aussies and South African’s who’ve played a high standard of cricket,” he said.

“It’ll be a tough game but the boys are riding high at the moment after today so we’ve just got to go out and play the Vanuatu way and enjoy ourselves and play flamboyant cricket. 7/9/2017- RNZI”http://www.radionz.co.nz/international/pacific-news/338886/sport-dashing-century-earns-vanuatu-semi-final

62) Baby Flying Fijians beaten by Portugal 

The Baby Flying Fijians have been beaten by Portugal 16-13 in their final pool game at the Under 20 Trophy, in Portugal.

Down 13-0 at half time, the Fijians mounted a comback early in the second half with a try to second-five eighth Filimoni Savou and two penalties to Jamie Kotz.

But the stalemate was broken in the 70th minute when Portugal kicked a penalty to give them the lead which they protected until full-time.

The result gave Portugal top spot in pool B and a place in next week’s final against Japan, the winner of pool A.

The winner is promoted to next year’s top tier Junior World Championship.

Fiji, who’ve been a part of the second tier Trophy since 2014, will play Chile on Monday in the playoff for fifth.7/9/2107 RNZI http://www.radionz.co.nz/international/pacific-news/338895/sport-baby-flying-fijians-beaten-by-portugal

63) National team to play more friendlies

Peni Komaisavai
Thursday, September 07, 2017-Fijitimes

THE Football Association (Fiji FA) looks to secure more international matches for the Vodafone National football team with every Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) international match windows opening.

Fiji FA chief executive officer Mohammed Yusuf said they wanted to expose their players to top level environments.

“In order to help them develop as a player we are committed to exposing these players either when we play at home or overseas,” Yusuf said.

He said they would be making use of every FIFA international match windows, which meant that the national team would be in action with every given possibility.

“Like a window in November then next year March, then April we want to continue playing.”

He said it would allow them to gauge where the national team stood as a team in the international arena.

“We want to gauge ourselves where we are in terms of playing against Asian countries and of course our neighbours. And see how well we have changed with the new philosophy of football that we have now.

He said their plans was solely for the development of football and especially for the exposure of players in the international arena.

64) Colombia draws with Brazil in World Cup qualifier

Reuters
Thursday, September 07, 2017

BARRANQUILLA, Colombia – Colombia and Brazil shared a 1-1 draw in a hard-fought draw World Cup qualifier after Radamel Falcao’s second-half header cancelled out Willian’s stunning first-half volley on yesterday.

Colombia have still never beaten Brazil in a World Cup qualifying match but the draw marked the first time in 10 games that Brazilian coach Tite has come away from a qualifier with anything other than all three points.

Brazil have already qualified for the finals in Russia next year and the result kept the Colombians in second place behind them with two matches remaining.

Uruguay, who play Paraguay later on Tuesday, are in third, while Peru beat Ecuador 2-1 to move up into fourth and keep alive their hopes of a first World Cup Finals appearance since 1982.

“Both the result and the performance were good and we deserve congratulations,” Brazil’s Willian told reporters after the match in the searing heat of the tropical port city.

“We created chances but it is difficult to play here, the pitch was dry and the ball bounced a lot.

“My goal was nice,” he added. “I caught it just right.”

The Chelsea winger gave Brazil the lead in first half stoppage time when he pounced on a Neymar knock down to volley spectacularly into the top corner from 20 yards out.

Colombia levelled the score 11 minutes into the second half when Falcao rose to meet a cross from the right and glanced a powerful header down and into the net.

w: www.voiceofmelanesia.com

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